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UMA PÁGINA DE FILOSOFIA da Prof.ª Marina Santos 


Site dedicado aos meus alunos da disciplina de Filosofia, para lhes facilitar o estudo e estimular o amor pelo saber.





Tópicos das Olimpíadas Internacionais de Filosofia 2017



XXV INTERNATIONAL PHILOSOPHY OLYMPIADS - ROTTERDAM 2017 - TOPICS


1. “Thus no one can act against the sovereign’s decisions without prejudicing his authority, but they can think and judge and consequently also speak without any restriction, provided they merely speak or teach by way of reason alone, not by trickery or in anger or from hatred or with the intention of introducing some alteration in the state on their own initiative.”
Baruch Spinoza, Theological-Political Treatise (1670).

2. “Universal toleration becomes questionable when its rationale no longer prevails, when tolerance is administered to manipulated and indoctrinated individuals who parrot, as their own, the opinion of their masters, for whom heteronomy has become autonomy.”
Herbert Marcuse, Repressive Tolerance (1965).

3. “In a technological age public professional interaction requires neutrality of thought for effective collaboration and political coexistence. As an administrative attitude neutrality differs from tolerance which is an ethical virtue; but neutrality in the professional sphere is implied and included within the ethical virtue of tolerance. Note that this objective modification of the virtue of tolerance, from patience in regard to other persons’ defective acts to permission of different types of activity, is an objective modification of virtue in our technological society.”
Tomonobu Imamichi, “The Concept of an Eco-ethics and the Development of Moral Thought” (1989).

4. “Another problem with people who fail to examine themselves is that they often prove all too easily influenced. When a talented demagogue addressed the Athenians with moving rhetoric but bad arguments, they were all too ready to be swayed, without ever examining the argument.”
Martha C. Nussbaum, Not for Profit: Why Democracy Needs the Humanities (2010).


Saiba mais AQUI

Cartaz do Filme
Vida Activa: O Espírito de Hannah Arendt

(Vita Activa: The Spirit of Hannah Arendt)

Documentário sobre a filósofa Hannah Arendt (1906-1975), nomeadamente o seu conceito de "banalidade do mal" - o qual tem a sua génese nos anos 60 nos artigos que escreveu para a revista "The New Yorker" acerca do julgamento do nazi Adolf Eichmann.
Realizado por Ada Ushpiz, este filme contextualiza as reflexões de Arendt sobre o julgamento e aprofunda o seu pensamento político, incluindo uma reflexão bastante actual sobre a problemática dos refugiados.

Site oficial: AQUI





"A Escola De Atenas", Rafael (1509)



 Existe uma interessante apresentação da "Escola de Atenas"
(filósofos da Grécia antiga) a partir da pintura de Rafael:
 consulte aqui a versão inglesa