WEERACHART T. KILENTHONG
joint with Ahmad Shabir Faizi
This paper investigates the socioeconomic determinants of parenting style in the context of a developing country using early childhood panel data from rural Thailand. Our key findings are that more patient caregivers tend to be more authoritative than authoritarian, caregivers are more likely to be authoritative than authoritarian when they observed more behavioral problems from their children, and caregivers exhibit more authoritarian than authoritative parenting if they perceived the community to be more dangerous. We also find that families with less resources, proxied by wealth, marital status and parental absence, are more likely to be authoritarian.
Keyword: parenting style; time preferences; child behavioral problems; community risk factors; developing country
Working paper version as of May 9, 2022
joint with Suparee Boonmanunt, Sartja Duangchaiyoosook, Wasinee Jantorn and Varunee Khruapradit
This study investigates the association between child and caregiver time preferences in rural Thailand. We find that caregiver discount factor is positively correlated to a child’s ability to delay gratification, indicating that patient caregivers are more likely to have patient children. This correlation exists regardless of whether the caregiver is a biological parent or not. However, some evidence suggests genetic contribution in intergenerational transmission of time preferences: this correlation is stronger when both biological parents live at home than when none is present, and mother's time preferences are stronger correlated with child time preferences than grandmother's.
Keyword: time preferences; field experiment; intergenerational transmission; skill formation, genetics
Working paper version as of May 6, 2022
joint with Khanista Boonsanong, Sartja Duangchaiyoosook, Wasinee Jantorn and Varunee Khruapradit
This paper presents empirical evidence of learning losses from school closure due to the COVID-19 pandemic for kindergartners using a large-scale school readiness survey in Thailand. Its findings indicate that school closure during the outbreak of COVID-19 causes enormous learning losses in cognitive skills, especially in mathematics and working memory. The negative impact is heterogeneous across several dimensions, including child gender, special needs, wealth, having private tutoring, caregiver's education and parental absence. This paper also estimates daily learning gains, of which significant results confirm that going to school has significantly benefited young children, especially in receptive language, mathematics and working memory.
Keyword: learning losses; school closure; school readiness; daily learning gains; COVID-19; COVID slide; disadvantaged children; working memory; math; literacy; receptive language; non-cognitive
This version is as of March 10, 2022
Sartja Duangchaiyoosook and Weerachart T. Kilenthong
Southeast Asian Journal of Economics
Vol.10, No.1 pp. 133-167.
Data and Matlab Codes
Weerachart T. Kilenthong and NGOC TÚ T. ĐINH
Singapore Economic Review
Vol. 66, No. 05, pp. 1443-1468.
Wisuwat Chujan and Weerachart T. Kilenthong
Journal of Human Capital
Vol. 15, No. 2, 2021: pp. 269-290.
Weerachart T. Kilenthong and Robert M. Townsend
Journal of Political Economy
Vol. 129, No. 4, 2021: pp. 981-1010.
WEERACHART T. KILENTHONG
Tee Kilenthong is an Associate Professor in the Faculty of Economics at the University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce (UTCC) and Director of Research Institute for Policy Evaluation and Design (RIPED). His research interests include growth and development, macroeconomics, contract theory, financial economics, labor and education economics.
His current research focuses on early childhood and human capital development. His important long-term research project is the RIECE Thailand, which aims to promote high quality early chilhood education, based on the HighScope approach, in Thailand, and to better understand how human capital has been formed since early childhood.
He received a Bachelor Degree in Engineering (First Class Honor with Gold Medal) from Chulalongkorn Univeristy and a Master Degree in Physics from the same university. He received a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Chicago in 2006, where he studied under Professor Robert M. Townsend. He was working as an assistant professor in the Department of Economics at the University of California at Santa Barbara between 2006 and 2010.