Unit 4 -Motivation & Emotion
4.1 DRIVE STATES
Instincts & Evolutionary Psychology
• Do humans have instincts? Why or why not?
Drives and Incentives
• How do drives and incentives motivate behavior?
• What factors contribute to optimum arousal?
A Hierarchy of Motives
• Are some needs and drives more basic than others?
The Physiology of Hunger
• How does our body communicate and cope with hunger?
The Psychology of Hunger
• How does hunger affect our behavior?
Obesity and Weight Control
• How do differences in weight affect behaviour and our interactions with others?
The Physiology of Sex
• How does our body respond to sex?
The Psychology of Sex
• How does sex affect behaviour?
The Benefits of Belonging
• What are the benefits of belonging?
The Pain of Being Shut Out
• What are the effects of being left out?
Connecting and Social Networking
• How does social connection and networking affect behaviour?
Cognition and Emotion
• How are thinking and emotions related?
• How does the body create and respond to emotions?
Detecting Emotion in Others
• What cues are important to detecting emotions in others?
Gender, Emotion, and Nonverbal Behavior
• How does gender result in different emotional experiences?
Culture and Emotional Expression
• How does culture result in different emotional experiences?
Stress: Some Basic Concepts
• What is stress?
Stress and Susceptibility to Disease
• How does stress affect our ability to fight disease?
In this part of the course, students explore biological and social factors that motivate behaviour and biological and cultural factors that influence emotion. AP students in psychology should be able to do the following:
• Identify and apply basic motivational concepts to understand the behavior of humans and other animals (e.g., instincts, incentives, intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation).
• Discuss the biological underpinnings of motivation, including needs, drives, and homeostasis.
• Compare and contrast motivational theories (e.g., drive reduction theory, arousal theory, general adaptation theory), including the strengths and weaknesses of each.
• Describe classic research findings in specific motivation systems (e.g., eating, sex, social)
• Discuss theories of stress and the effects of stress on psychological and physical well-being.
• Compare and contrast major theories of emotion (e.g., James–Lange, Cannon– Bard, Schachter two-factor theory)
• Describe how cultural influences shape emotional expression, including variations in body language.
• Identify key contributors in the psychology of motivation and emotion (e.g., William James, Alfred Kinsey, Abraham Maslow, Stanley Schachter, Hans Selye).
Crash Course #17 - The Power of Motivation
Crash Course #25 Feeling All the Feels
Crash Course #26 - Emotion, Stress and Health