Restorative Practices

What are Restorative Practices?

Restorative practices are processes that proactively build healthy relationships and a sense of community to prevent and address conflict and wrongdoing. Restorative practices are increasingly being applied in individual schools and school districts to address youth behavior, rule violations, and to improve school climate and culture. Restorative practices can improve relationships between students, between students and educators, and even between educators, whose behavior often serves as a role model for students. They allow each member of the school community to develop and implement a school’s adopted core values.

Excerpt from: Restorative Practices: Fostering Healthy Relationships & Promoting Positive Discipline in Schools

Proactive Practices

  • Affective language (“I” statements, empathetic listening)

  • Small impromptu conversations

  • Community-building circles

Responsive Practices

  • Responsive conversations or restorative conferences

  • Peer-based conferences

Restorative Practices within MTSS

Why Restorative Practices?


  • Disciplinary referrals to behavioral staff

  • Suspensions and expulsions

  • Amount of instructional time lost to managing challenges in student behavior

  • Disproportionate referrals for minority students


  • Teacher retention and morale

  • School climate

  • Engagement of the school community

  • Student satisfaction and safety

Implementation Resources for Restorative Practices

200 Community Building Circle Prompts

200 Circle Prompts

Using Restorative Questions to Collaboratively Problem Solve

How to Use Affective Questions

Other Means of Correction-Suggestions for Logical Consequences

Other Means of Correction

Affective Statements Cheat Sheet

Affective Statements

Restorative Practice in Action

Restorative Practices in Action at Tier 1


Start of the School Year with Restorative Practices

Exploring the Social Discipline Window

Exploring the Social Discipline Window

Informational Videos on Restorative Practices

The "Why" of Restorative Practices

Introduction to Restorative Practices

Restorative Practices in High School