EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THE COLOMBIAN

ORINOQUIA REGION, WE WILL TELL YOU HERE!

January 10 2023 - Sharon Contreras

The Orinoquía region is one of the five natural regions of Colombia that belongs to the Orinoco river basin. It is mainly divided into two zones: the Orinoquia and the Eastern Plains, also known as ‘Los Llanos Orientales‘. Orinoquía refers to the Orinoco river basin, which extends from the Andes to the Amazon rainforests, while Los Llanos is characterized by cattle vegetation, and large intertropical savannahs. Its relief is flat, with a warm, humid to dry climate, and the vegetation is composed of grasslands, scrub and forests. The soils are not very fertile and are suitable for extensive cattle raising.

Villavicencio is the capital of the department of Meta and the most important commercial center of the Eastern Plains. Villavo, as it is affectionately called, is characterized by the folklore and llaneras traditions. Those traditions will dazzle you with sports such as coleo, which is similar to a rodeo. Joropo, a musical rhythm that uses instruments such as the harp and maracas, and it is danced to the rhythm of the zapateo. In addition, you cannot miss the renowned gastronomy of the plains, composed of dishes such as mamona, hen stew, rice bread, cachama, mojarra, hallacas and cachapas of tender corn.

On the other hand, the Caño Cristales River, in the vast Sierra de La Macarena Natural Park, is undoubtedly the most remarkable river in Colombia and one of the most beautiful ones in the world. The 'Rainbow River' owes its nickname to a special natural phenomenon in which the endemic aquatic plant Macarenia clavígera is located at the bottom of the river giving the water its red, blue, green, yellow and brown shades. The national park itself is also an iconic place, located on the plateau of the Sierra de La Macarena, a natural reserve of 6200 square kilometers where no less than three different ecosystems come together: the Amazon rainforest, the Andean forests and the savannah of Los Llanos.

Mesetas is one of the hidden gems of the Meta department. The destination has its Guejar River Canyon, where you can go rafting. The nature is still quite untouched and it is a beautiful place full of wonderful rock formations, giant natural pools and waterfalls along the way. You can visit Charco Azul, a private reserve where the guerilla used to be active. A very interesting destination with a lot of history, perfect to add to your trip if you love adventure and if you’re curious about the history of the violence in Colombia.

Another department of the Orinoquia region is Casanare. A vast savannah crisscrossed by muddy rivers where cowboys, called llaneros, herd their huge herds of cows on horseback. A region where at sunset the llaneros sing to the accompaniment of a harp and where a big amount of wildlife inhabits the plains: from caimans to jaguars. Casanare is an unforgettable experience. 

If you love hiking in nature, wildlife photography and rafting, you also have to visit Vichada, a wonderful destination of many mighty rivers, which you will love upon arrival. Our recommendation is the Tuparro National Natural Park and the area close by. The territory extends over an area of 5.480 km2 and is bounded by the Tomo River to the north, and the Tuparro river to the south. El Tuparro is an extensive green savannah crossed by large rivers with powerful streams and beaches. If you like birdwatching, in this region, the presence of more than 320 different species of birds is estimated, all for you to enjoy its great diversity.

In the protected natural reserve of La Aurora, you can take a 4WD safari over the savannah to observe wildlife and birds. Enjoy a walk through the reserve with lots of wildlife to see capybaras, wild horses, toucans and monkeys. Or go fishing in one of the rivers where the catch is eaten and roasted over a fire on the river bank. Go horseback riding or just learn about the llanero traditions.

In the department of Vichada, you will find El Tuparro National Natural Park. It extends over an area of 5.480 km2 and is bounded by the Tomo River to the north, and the Tuparro river to the south. El Tuparro is an extensive green savannah crossed by large rivers with powerful streams and beaches. If you like birdwatching, in this region, the presence of more than 320 different species of birds is estimated, all for you to enjoy its great diversity. 



If you want to know more about this beautiful region, please do not hesitate to contact us.

Come and enjoy this region with us, you will love it!

If you want to keep discovering more of the Colombian Orinoquia region , you can visit the following link 

If you want to know how the Orinoquía sounds, check out this link.