Shotgun Disciplines

AMERICAN TRAP:

Trap is the oldest shotgun shooting sport in America. Trapshooting derives its name from the device, called a trap, which throws clay targets into the air. Participants shoot at the clay targets thrown from a trap house located in front of the shooter. The trap rotates in a random sequence, presenting the shooter with a variety of going away shots, angling to the right, left and flying straightaway.

Trap is usually shot in squads of five shooters. A round of trap consists of 25 targets per shooter. A trap field has five positions, or stations, numbered consecutively from left to right. Five clay targets, sometimes referred to as "birds," are thrown for each shooter at each position, with one shot being fired at each bird. After firing five rounds in rotation, each squad member moves one station to his right, with the shooter on station five moving over to station one.

INTERNATIONAL MODIFIED TRAP OR WOBBLE TRAP OR BUNKER TRAP:

International Trap can be shot on a traditional trap field using a wobble trap or can be shot from a bunker trap. The differences between Trap and Modified Trap are: low gun mount, the speed and height of targets, target delay from point of pull, and two shots are allowed per target. This is also one of the Olympic Sports.

Find out more about the game of trap from the Amateur Trapshooting Association (ATA).

AMERICAN SKEET:

Skeet uses the same clay targets as trap. Two trap houses are required in skeet-a "high house" at the left of the field and a "low house" at the right. Both traps throw targets at fixed angles. High-house targets start at a point about 10 feet above the ground, moving to the shooter's right. Low-house targets move in the opposite direction starting from a point about three feet off the ground.

Skeet is usually shot in squads of five shooters. A skeet field has eight positions, or stations, seven of which are numbered consecutively from left to right in a semi-circle around the field. Station eight is located in the center, almost directly between the trap houses, offering very challenging-and very exciting-targets.

A round of skeet consists of 25 targets. Some stations offer single targets, others doubles. There are 16 single targets, two from each station. A round also includes eight shots at four double-targets from stations 1, 2, 6 and 7. The first target missed is repeated; the repeat target is called "the optional." If no miss occurs in the round of 24 shots, the optional is taken as a single target; usually shot from station eight.

INTERNATIONAL SKEET:

International Skeet is practiced on a traditional semi-circle skeet field with 8 shooting stations. The differences between skeet and International skeet are primarily: Required low gun mount, the speed of targets, and the delay of targets from point of pull. International Skeet is offered in International or Olympic competition.

Find out more about the game of skeet from the National Skeet Shooting Association (NSSA).

SPORTING CLAYS:

Sporting clays is a challenging clay target game designed to simulate a variety of field-shooting situations. On a sporting clays course, shooters are presented with a wide variety of targets that duplicate the flight path of game birds, such as flushing, crossing, incoming and other angling shots.

Courses are laid out in natural surroundings and typically include five or more shooting stations. Like golf, shooters move from one station to the next to complete the course. At any station, targets may be thrown as singles, simultaneous pairs, following pairs (one target right after the other) or report pairs (the second target launched at the sound of the gun being fired at the first). To further challenge shooters, target size may vary from the standard trap/skeet clay bird to the smaller "midi" and "mini" targets, or a flat disc-shaped "battue" target. There are also "rabbit" targets, special clay disks that are thrown on edge to roll and skitter unpredictably across the ground.

Sporting clays allows for either a pre-mounted or low gun approach, and a full round usually consists of 50 or 100 targets (depending on the number of stations), with several targets normally thrown at each station.

Find out more about sporting clays from the National Sporting Clays Association (NSCA).

5-STAND:

Five-Stand consists of 5 side by side stations and at least 6 machines that throw different combinations of targets. Some may roll on the ground resembling a running rabbit, while others may launch vertically resembling a flying teal. A five stand typically consists of 50 targets.