Teachers

This page provides teachers with objectives, activities, and resources needed to assist their students who have a disability, along with their families, to grow themselves and learn various skills needed to advocate for themselves and accomplish their goals. Objectives, activities, and resources are grouped together by five main areas: Go for a SPIN, Driver's Seat, Road to Work, Road to College, and Road to Community Living.

Go for a SPIN

(Strengths, Preferences, Interests, Needs)

Objectives, activities, and resources that guide teachers in formal and informal transition assessments with students and families to reflect individualized goals during and after school

Objectives and Activities to begin in Middle School

OBJECTIVE: Complete informal and formal transition assessments or questionnaires with students and families to gather strengths, preferences, interests, and needs in order to write individualized transition goals.

Activities


  • Reflect with your student on their strengths and weaknesses

  • Help them recognize what areas they need help in

  • Work with your student on advocating for themselves and recognizing when they need help

  • Work with those around you to help your student make connections

  • Have conversations about what they want to do in the future, not what you or their families want them to do


Objectives and Activities to begin in High School

OBJECTIVE: Complete informal and formal transition assessments or questionnaires with students and families to gather strengths, preferences, interests, and needs in order to write individualized transition goals.

Activities


  • Reflect with your student on their strengths and weaknesses

  • Help them recognize what areas they need help in

  • Work with your student on advocating for themselves and recognizing when they need help

  • Work with those around you to help your student make connections

  • Have conversations about what they want to do in the future, not what you or their families want them to do


Driver’s Seat

Objectives, activities, and resources focused on what students can do to take charge of future goals and make appropriate plans during and after high school

Objectives and Activities to begin in Middle School

OBJECTIVE: Using local community resources, connect families and students to one another in various school functions.

Activities


  • Host a transition workshop for families and students

  • Create frequent opportunities for family involvement in the classroom and community

  • Connect current families with experienced families that have recently completed school and are working or living in their communities

  • Connect families to help mentor each other in learning about the life-long benefits of expanding opportunities and encouraging new interests and activities in their sons or daughters

  • Communicate with families and students at least once a month about the future and help them identify future life goals

OBJECTIVE: Develop a transition plan with individualized goals that are understandable to students and families.

Activities


  • Teach students transition planning word meanings and how to plan for their future

  • Develop a transition plan that includes individualized goals, specific timelines, and roles of each team member

  • Make sure the IEP includes a statement about the student’s needs, preferences and interests, and appropriate course(s) of study.

  • Provide resources and networks to families about adult services

  • Get signed permission for inviting agency representatives before each IEP meeting

OBJECTIVE: Using explicit strategies and assistive technology (as needed), foster student opportunities to practice problem solving, self-advocacy, time management, and organizational skills.

Activities


  • Help students develop skills and strategies to compensate for their needs

  • Explicitly teach learning and organization strategies such as note taking, test preparation, time management, written expression, reading, and tracking assignments

  • Promote early problem-solving skills by modeling your own problem-solving processes aloud to students

  • Use technology and assessments in the classroom to help students on the job or in college

  • Teach appropriate behavior in social situations using role play, videos, and discussion

OBJECTIVE: Using explicit teaching strategies or technology (as needed), have students invite their support teams and lead their IEP meetings

Activities


  • Invite your students to the IEP meeting

  • If the student does not attend the transition IEP meeting, document other steps taken to ensure that the student’s needs, preferences, and interests were considered

  • Explicitly teach students how to lead their IEP meetings and talk about goals

  • Assist in developing a script with notes or notecards for the student so that all key points are covered in the meeting

  • Review informal assessments to share at meeting


OBJECTIVE: With support from families, teach students about their strengths and weaknesses and how to request help or talk through decisions in and out of the classroom environment.

Activities


  • Help your students advocate for themselves

  • Teach your students about their strengths and weaknesses

  • Have students make decisions they are capable of handling

  • Provide opportunities to make choices and decisions, to explore and take risks, and to learn from experiences of success and failure

  • Teach students how to self-regulate and self-manage day to day actions

Objectives and Activities to begin in High School

OBJECTIVE: Develop and monitor transition goals to be sure they are individualized and include long term employment, education, and independent living options that students can achieve during and after high school.

Activities


  • Teach students to break long term goals into short term objectives

  • Make a long-term plan with your students for school, work, and living in your community

  • Work with students to identify their plans/goals for what they will do after you graduate

  • Look at IEP goals to make sure they are relevant to life after high school

  • Document how the student will exit school

  • Review and revise if needed how students will exit school


OBJECTIVE: Guide families to adult resources needed for establishing long term medical needs, financial planning, guardianship, voting, and photo IDs.

Activities


  • Think about the programs and support needed when the student leaves school

  • Provide resources to families for a doctor and a dentist

  • Facilitate going or working with families to get students an identification card

  • Understand financial planning needed for Social Security Income and special needs trust

  • Teach students about Miranda rights

  • Know details about guardianship to educate families including options for full guardianship

  • Register men for Selective Service

OBJECTIVE: Using explicit teaching strategies or technology (as needed), have students invite their support teams, lead their IEP meetings, and update their Summary of Performance (SOP).

Activities


  • Invite your students to the IEP meeting

  • If the student does not attend the transition IEP meeting, document other steps taken to ensure that the student’s needs, preferences, and interests were considered

  • Explicitly teach students how to lead their IEP meetings and talk about goals

  • Be sure the IEP promotes independence

  • Teach students to develop and annually update the Summary of Performance (SOP) by using the transition assessment results

OBJECTIVE: Using role play and explicit teaching methods, provide opportunities for practicing appropriate social skills and decision making.

Activities


  • Provide opportunities to make choices and decisions, to explore and take risks, and to learn from experiences of success and failure

  • Teach appropriate behavior in social situations using role play, videos, and discussion

  • Provide resources to students and families so they can help create daily schedules

  • Teach students how to self-regulate and self-manage day to day actions


OBJECTIVE: With support from families, teach students about their disability and how to request help or talk through decisions in and out of the classroom environment.

Activities


  • Best practices should include real choice, true inclusion, and high expectations for your students

  • Teach your students about their disability needs

  • Help your students advocate for themselves

  • Be sure you allow student voice about personal desires rather than bending to anyone else’s desires

  • Talk to your students about their strengths and needs for work and school

  • Have students make decisions they are capable of handling

  • Find specific ways for students to regularly participate in school wide programs and community activities

Road to Work

Objectives, activities, and resources that guide teachers in formal and informal transition assessments with students and families to reflect on individualized goals in regards to meaningful work.

Objectives and Activities to begin in Middle School

OBJECTIVE: Using classroom and community based experiences, show or explore with students different job opportunities based on their interest.

Activities


  • Talk about the value of having a job and work ethic

  • Visit or show videos of different jobs to students

  • Assist student in obtaining job permit if needed

Objectives and Activities to begin in High School

OBJECTIVE: Based on student interests and job skills, have students apply or practice skills to get a job such as writing resumes, filling out job applications, interviews.

Activities


  • Help students create a resume, job portfolio, and/or video resume

  • Teach the student job interviewing skills and provide opportunities for the students to practice those skills

  • Provide students opportunities to go to job fairs to explore jobs and careers

  • Work with Vocational Rehabilitation to help students seek competitive employment options

  • Help students search and apply for summer jobs in the community

  • Explore different career options for students based on their interests

  • Provide opportunities for job sampling in the community

  • Complete formal aptitude tests


OBJECTIVE: Teach students work skills and ways to evaluate their own work performance in relevant job placements

Activities


  • Regularly evaluate the curriculum to ensure that you are teaching skills that employers need

  • Provide work experiences during school hours to teach work skills

  • Provide guidance to families and students about necessary documents needed for employment (birth certificate, social security card, tax forms)

  • Help your students get a real paid job in the community

  • Teach students about job accommodations and how to ask for them at work

Road to College

Objectives and Activities to begin in Middle School

OBJECTIVE: Explore college options with students and families through internet, visits to college campuses, and transition fairs.

Activities


  • If a student wants to go to college, help with the exploration of courses needed during middle school

  • Help students use the internet to explore college programs and courses of study

  • Take the students to tour a college or university

  • Provide opportunities for students to attend college fairs to discover possible postsecondary options

Objectives and Activities to begin in High School

OBJECTIVE: Continue to explore college options with students and families through internet, visits to college campuses, and transition fairs.

Activities


  • Do website searches with students and look for employment, vocational training, colleges, and postsecondary schools to learn about course requirements, potential majors, costs, services for students with disabilities, living arrangements, activities, and student life

  • Provide resources on postsecondary accommodations and supports to student and families

  • Take students to college fairs and/or tour a college/university

  • Encourage families and students to get involved in volunteer and community activities for increasing their chances of being accepted into college programs

OBJECTIVE: Using resources provided, explain the distinct differences between high school and college to students and families.

Activities


  • Teach students and families how college and high school services are different with a visit to Disability Services at a local college

  • Provide documentation students need for college (recent psychological assessment, letters of reference, summary of performance)

  • Collaborate with school guidance counselors on financial aid and college opportunities

Road to Community Living

Objectives, activities, and resources for students that work towards successful independent living options after high school

Objectives and Activities to begin in Middle School

OBJECTIVE: By reviewing functional life skill resources, provide students and families with skills for living as independently as possible in the community.

Activities


  • Use role playing, counseling, and targeted instruction to teach students certain social skills

  • Discuss good grooming skills and the importance of physical fitness

  • Find community resources for students to participate in based on their strengths

  • Facilitate community volunteer opportunities

  • Teach money skills in the classroom and community

  • Teach students about budgeting, cooking, shopping, and housekeeping

  • Teach students public transportation and safety skills

  • Implement a time/money management plan

Objectives and Activities to begin in High School:

OBJECTIVE: Provide students and families with skills needed for navigating and safely living as independently as possible in the community.

Activities


  • Teach and provide resources on sexuality and family planning

  • Teach students to assume responsibility for health care needs, such as making appointments, and filling and taking prescriptions

  • Provide resources for driver’s education and local transportation systems in the community

  • Begin to prepare and practice a transportation plan after high school

  • Use timers to promote keeping a schedule with students and the importance of following a schedule

  • Collect information regarding vocational interests and abilities


OBJECTIVE: With support from community agencies, provide families and students with housing, financial, and community mapping resources needed for achieving their goals in the community.

Activities


  • Educate and provide resources to families and students about voting

  • Perform community mapping to identify the postsecondary education, vocational, residential, and recreational opportunities available to students within their community

  • Work with the student to start thinking about how they are going to pay for their own living on a fixed income

  • Provide information to the student and family concerning the residential placements in the state

  • Provide resources to families on Section 8 Housing Vouchers

  • Discuss with students the kinds of insurance that they may receive after high school