Publications & Press

Our Publications

Frank, Steven J. "State of the Art." IEEE Spectrum 58(9)/September 2021, 26-31.

Frank, Steven J. and Andrea M. "A Neural Network Looks at Leonardo's (?) Salvator Mundi." Leonardo (2021) 54 (6): 619-624.

Frank, Steven J. and Andrea M. "Salient Slices: Improved Neural Network Training and Performance with Image Entropy." Neural Computation 32:6, 1222-1237.

Frank, Steven J. "The Work of Art in an Age of Mechanical Generation." Leonardo, June 28, 2021.

About Art Eye-D Associates

Anderson, Mark. "Amateurs’ Al Tells Real Rembrandts From Fakes." IEEE Spectrum, 25 April 2019,

Bello, Sumbo. "Researchers Train AI to Spot Art Forgery." Edgy, 29 April 2019,

Caulfield, Brian. "An AI for Fine Art: Attorney Trains NVIDIA RTX 2070 to Authenticate Masterpieces." The Official NVIDIA Blog, 27 August 2021,

Cole, Alison. "Disarming new findings on Leonardo's Salvator Mundi." The Art Newspaper, 26 January 2021,

Davis-Marks, Isis. "New Research Suggests ‘Salvator Mundi’ Originally Looked Completely Different," Smithsonian Magazine, 4 February 2021,

Di Liscia, Valentina. "Sections of Salvator Mundi Not Part of Leonardo’s Original Design, Research Suggests," Hyperallergic, 2 February 2021,

Goukassian, Elena. "Can a Computer Authenticate Disputed Artworks?" Artsy, 4 April 2019,

Keener, Katherine. "A-Eye: another tool for authenticating artworks?" Art Critique, 24 April 2019,

Leibson, Steven. "Authenticating Rembrandts: CNNS plus image entropy identify the real paintings among the copies." PSG@Intel, 3 June 2019,

Ng, Andrew. "Seeing Through Forgeries." The Batch, 3 November 2021,

"Portrait of the Portrait Sleuths." IEEE Spectrum 58(9)/September 2021, 2.

Squires, Nick. "Parts of $450 million Salvator Mundi were not painted by Leonardo, researchers claim," The Telegraph, 4 February 2021, (pdf here)

Tangermann, Victor. "A new AI can spot art forgeries." World Economic Forum, 29 April 2019,