1) Chess Board Construction-

File- a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h

Ranks - 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8

2) Center squares are most important to mobilize your pieces from one side to another quickly

3) Identification of square name - First look at down to know about file name and look at right side to know about rank name . Then combine both starting from File name then Rank name.

For example - See this figure and follow above instructions

Square name is d4

4) How to move Rook

5) How to move Bishop

6) How to move King

7) How Queen Moves

8) How to move Knight

9) How to move Pawn

10) How to do castling- King moves 2 squares only during castling.

2 types of castling

1- Short castling

2-Long castling

11) How to do En-Passant

When White Pawn escapes Black's Pawn controlled square, then Black Pawn can capture .

For example - fXe3

12) Pawn Promotion - When Pawn moves to another end of the square, then Pawn promoted as Queen, Rook, Bishop, Knight.