**Richmond Geometry Festival**

*An annual, regional celebration of geometry and topology in beautiful Richmond, Virginia*

### May 27-28, 2022

### This year's format will be *virtual*

### The Richmond Geometry Festival will focus on emergent research topics while bringing together specialists in two areas: low-dimensional topology and algebraic geometry.

### The Richmond Geometry Festival adds research mathematics to the broad culture of festivals that are enjoyed in RVA on jazz and folk music, films, and food. Other local conferences in math & applied math include BAMM and the RAMS Conference at VCU.

Photo: Rumors of War by artist Kehinde Wiley, viewable at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts in Richmond. Photo by N. Tarasca.

## Speakers

### Maciej Borodzik (University of Warsaw)

### Patricia Cahn (Smith College)

### Marcos Mariño (University of Geneva)

### Angela Ortega (Humboldt University in Berlin)

### Rahul Pandharipande (ETH Zürich)

### Ana Peón-Nieto (University of Birmingham)

### Józef H. Przytycki (George Washington University)

## Poster Session

### The festival will feature a virtual poster session with the aim of showcasing research by early-career mathematicians. Titles and abstracts of accepted posters will appear below.

### Everyone is encouraged to apply to present their work at the poster session. The **Graduate Best Poster Award** will be presented to the most accomplished poster presentation by a graduate student. The poster session application is an optional part of the registration and is still open.

**Graduate Best Poster Award**will be presented to the most accomplished poster presentation by a graduate student. The poster session application is an optional part of the registration and is still open.

**Congratulations to Shubham Sinha (UCSD)**, the winner of the Graduate Best Poster Award, for the poster titled "*Euler characteristics of tautological bundles over Quot scheme of curves.*" A honorable mention goes to Sally Collins (GA Tech) for the poster titled "*The Mazur pattern, the figure eight knot, and smooth concordance*."

**Congratulations to Shubham Sinha (UCSD)**, the winner of the Graduate Best Poster Award, for the poster titled "

*Euler characteristics of tautological bundles over Quot scheme of curves.*" A honorable mention goes to Sally Collins (GA Tech) for the poster titled "

*The Mazur pattern, the figure eight knot, and smooth concordance*."

## Schedule

### Displayed time is in EST

**Day 1.** Friday, May 27, 2022

08:45 AM – 9:00 AM Welcome message

09:00 AM – 10:00 AM **Józef H. Przytycki**

10:15 AM – 11:00 AM Informal discussion on gather.town

11:00 AM – 12:00 PM **Ana Peón-Nieto **

12:15 PM – 1:30 PM Poster session

01:30 PM – 2:30 PM **Marcos Mariño ** ** ****slides**

02:45 PM – 3:00 PM Informal discussion on gather.town

03:00 PM – 4:00 PM **Sergei Gukov**

4:30 PM – 5:30 PM Applying for grants: panel discussion with

**Swatee Naik** (NSF) ** ****slides**

**Day 2.** Saturday, May 28, 2022

09:00 AM – 10:00 AM **Rahul Pandharipande ****slides**

10:15 AM – 11:00 AM Informal discussion on gather.town

11:00 AM – 12:00 PM **Angela Ortega**

12:15 PM – 1:30 PM Informal discussion on gather.town

01:30 PM – 2:30 PM **Maciej Borodzik**

02:45 PM – 03:00 PM Informal discussion on gather.town

03:00 PM – 04:00 PM **Patricia Cahn**

## Lectures Abstracts

**Maciej Borodzik**

Link lattice homology

We define link lattice homology for plumbed links in 3-manifolds generalizing the constructions of Ozsvath, Stipsicz and Szabo, and Gorsky and Nemethi. Building on recent work of Zemke, we show that for links in plumbed rational homology spheres, link lattice homology is equal to link Floer homology. As a result, we prove that for plumbed L-space links in integer homology spheres, the multivariable Alexander polynomial determines their link Floer chain complex. This is a joint work with Beibei Liu and Ian Zemke.

**Patricia Cahn**

Trisected 4-Manifolds as Branched Covers of the 4-Sphere

Trisections of 4-manifolds, introduced by Gay and Kirby as a 4-dimensional analog of Heegaard splittings in dimension 3, are a powerful mechanism for importing techniques from 3-dimensional topology into dimension 4. A branched cover of the 4-sphere, equipped with its standard trisection, along a (possibly singular) surface in bridge position, gives rise to a trisected 4-manifold. A natural question is which trisected 4-manifolds arise this way, and for those that do, what can be said about the degree of the cover or complexity of the branching set. We discuss this problem for the case of geometrically simply-connected 4-manifolds, joint with Blair, Kjuchukova and Meier, and give applications to knot theory and the generalized Slice-Ribbon problem, joint with Kjuchukova.

**Sergei Gukov**

Complex Chern-Simons theory: Spin^c structures and quantum groups at generic q

About 20 years ago, when it was realized that the A-polynomial defines a "spectral curve" for complex Chern-Simons theory, it opened many new doors for exact perturbative calculations. It also gave clear indications that a non-perturbative definition of the theory is intimately related to quantum groups at generic q. However, at that time, the theory was expected to be "bosonic", i.e. did not require a choice of Spin or Spin^c structures. A careful study of non-perturbative complex Chern-Simons theory during the past 5 years led to a somewhat unexpected conclusion that, as a TQFT, i.e. as a theory that enjoys a complete set of cutting-and-gluing (surgery) operations, it does depend on Spin^c structures. In retrospect, there are many good conceptual reasons for this somewhat surprising conclusion, which we review in this talk, also connecting non-perturbative complex Chern-Simons theory to other 3-manifold invariants (and TQFTs) decorated by Spin and Spn^c structure, including Rokhlin invariants, Seiberg-Witten invariants, Turaev torsion, Heegaard Floer homology, "correction terms" (a.k.a. d-invariants), etc.

**Marcos Mariño**

Resurgence and quantum topology

Quantum theories often lead to perturbative series which encode geometric information. In this talk I will argue that, in the case of complex Chern-Simons theory, perturbative series secretly encode integer invariants related to enumerative problems (counting of BPS states). The framework which makes this relation possible is the theory of resurgence, where perturbative series are related by Stokes transitions, and the integer invariants arise as Stokes constants. I will illustrate these claims with explicit examples related to quantum invariants of hyperbolic knots.

**Angela Ortega**

Generically finite Prym maps

Given a finite morphism between smooth projective curves one can canonically associate it a polarised abelian variety, the Prym variety. This induces a map from the moduli space of coverings to the moduli space of polarized abelian varieties, known as the Prym map. It is a classical result that the Prym map is generically injective for étale double coverings over curves of genus at least 7.

In this talk I will show the global injectivity of the Prym map for ramified double coverings over curves of genus g \geq 1 and ramified in at least 6 points. This is a joint work with J.C. Naranjo.

I will finish with an overview on what is known for the degree of the Prym map for ramified cyclic coverings of degree d \geq 2.

**Rahul Pandharipande**

The GW/DT correspondence in families

Let X be a nonsingular projective complex 3-fold. The GW/DT correspondence relates the Gromov-Witten theory of stable maps to X to the Donaldson-Thomas theory of sheaves on X. If, instead, we have a family of 3-folds over a base B, there is a GW/DT correspondence over the base. The equivariant theory is an example. The correspondence for families has been studied in very few other cases. After a precise formulation of the general correspondence, I will discuss a non-trivial example related to the Hilbert scheme of points of the plane.

**Ana Peón-Nieto**

The global nilpotent cone in rank 3

I will discuss joint ongoing work with Christian Pauly (Nice) about the zero fiber of the Hitchin map, emerging from our aim to understand Drinfeld's conjecture in arbitrary rank. The study of the latter, and more generally, of wobbly bundles, has led to a deeper understanding of this crucial subscheme. After introducing the basics, I will explain some interesting phenomena, such as the existence of fully wobbly fixed point components, or the configuration of C* flows.

**Józef H. Przytycki**

Extreme Khovanov homology of 4-braids in polynomial time

We start from a gentle introduction to Khovanov homology, and the sphere conjecture for circle graphs. We have following problem/motivation in mind: Computing Khovanov homology of links is NP-hard. Thus finding the homotopy type of its geometric realization is also NP-hard. We conjecture that for braid diagrams of fixed number of strings finding homotopy type of geometric realization (and its homology) has polynomial time complexity with respect to the number of crossings. The conjecture is wild open but its solution would have a big impact on understanding of Khovanov homology. As a step toward a solution of the conjecture we prove the following results (they have topological and computational flavor).

First we show that the Independence Simplicial Complex (ISC), $I(w)$ associated to 4-braid diagram $w$ (that is geometric realization of extreme Khovanov homology) is either contractible or homotopy equivalent to a sphere, wedge of 2 spheres (possibly of different dimensions), a wedge of 3-spheres at least two of them of the same dimension, or a wedge of four spheres at least three of them of the same dimension. On the algorithmic side we prove that finding the homotopy type of $I(w)$ can be done in polynomial time with respect to the number of crossings in $w$.

This is a joint work with Marithania Silvero.

## Poster Session Abstracts

**Rhea Palak Bakshi (Institute for Theoretical Studies, ETH Zurich)**

**The KBSM of the connected sum of handlebodies**

Abstract: Skein modules were introduced by Józef H. Przytycki as generalisations of the Jones and HOMFLYPT polynomial link invariants in the 3-sphere to arbitrary 3-manifolds. The Kauffman bracket skein module (KBSM) is the most extensively studied of all. However, computing the KBSM of a 3-manifold is known to be notoriously hard, especially over the ring of Laurent polynomials. With the goal of finding a definite structure of the KBSM over this ring, several conjectures and theorems were stated over the years for KBSMs. We show that some of these conjectures, and even theorems, are not true. In this talk I will briefly discuss a counterexample to Marche’s generalisation of Witten’s conjecture. I will show that a theorem stated by Przytycki in 1999 about the KBSM of the connected sum of two handlebodies does not hold. I will also give the exact structure of the KBSM of of the connected sum of two solid tori and show that it is isomorphic to the KBSM of a genus two handlebody modulo some specific handle sliding relations. Moreover, these handle sliding relations can be written in terms of Chebyshev polynomials.

**Aleksander Cianciara (Brown University)**

**N-extended Supersymmetry, Polytopic Representation theory, and Homological Quantum Error Correction**

Abstract: We propose an algorithm for recursively generating N-extended supermultiplets given minimal representations of off-shell, N = 1 supermultiplets. Using hopping operators, it is shown that the 8! vertices of the permutahedron of order 8 can be uniquely mapped to 5040 octets that are constrained in location on the permutahedron by a magic number rule. These constructions using the hopping operators match the construction obtained by tensoring elements of lower dimensional supermultiplets together. It is shown that N-extended supermultiplets (represented by higher dimensional permutahedra) may be recursively constructed using lower dimensional permutahedra as the building blocks. Since the faces of an arbitrary order permutahedron contain supercharges of lower dimensional theories, this hints towards the possibility of developing a polytopic representation theory of supersymmetry.

**Sally Collins (Georgia Tech)**

**The Mazur pattern, the figure eight knot, and smooth concordance **

Abstract: In this poster, we give a pair of rationally slice knots which are not smoothly concordant, but whose 0-surgery manifolds are homology cobordant rel meridians. One knot in the pair is the figure eight knot, which has concordance order 2; all previous examples of such pairs of knots have been infinite order.

**Gianluca Faraco (University of Bonn)**

**Realizing period characters on connected components of strata. **

Abstract: Let $S$ be an oriented surface of genus $g$ and $n$ punctures. The periods of any meromorphic differential on $S$, with respect to a choice of complex structure, determine a representation $\chi:\Gamma_{g,n} \to\mathbb C$ where $\Gamma_{g,n}$ is the first homology group of $S$. Chenakkod-F.-Gupta recently characterize the representations that thus arise, that is, lie in the image of the period map $\textsf{Per}:\Omega\mathcal{M}_{g,n}\to \textsf{Hom}(\Gamma_{g,n},\Bbb C)$. This generalizes a classical result of Haupt in the holomorphic case. Moreover, we determine the image of this period map when restricted to any stratum of meromorphic differentials, having prescribed orders of zeros and poles. Strata generally fail to be connected and in fact they may exhibits connected components parametrised by some additional invariants. In collaboration with D. Chen we extend the earlier result by Chenakkod-F.-Gupta to connected components of strata.

**Christopher Guevara (Tufts University)**

**Moduli of finite-codimensional subalgebras of (k[[t]])^m**

Abstract: In 1980, Shihoko Ishii constructed the moduli space of delta-codimensional k-subalgebras of k[[t]], and called this the delta-territory of k[[t]]. These subalgebras arise as the complete local rings at unibranch curve singularities, so in a sense this moduli space encodes how singularities can be "glued" to smooth curves. It is natural to want to find an analogous moduli space for m-branch curve singularities, since the complete local rings at these points are subalgebras of the direct sum (k[[t]])^m. In this poster, I recursively construct the "glued" territories of (k[[t]])^m, and show that they are connected schemes.

**Yangrui Hu (Brown University)**

**Geometrization of 1D, N-extended Super-Poincaré algebra and SUSY holography conjecture**

Abstract: Deciphering the mathematical structures in the one-dimensional supersymmetric models that secretly encode the information of higher-dimensional counterparts is one of the key tasks in the SUSY holography conjecture. The graphical representations of 1D, N-extended Super-Poincaré algebra provide a powerful tool.

In this work, a conjecture is made that the weight space for 4D, N-extended supersymmetrical representations is embedded within the permutohedra associated with permutation groups $\mathbb{S}_d$. The fact that Klein's Vierergruppe of $\mathbb{S}_4$ plays the role of Hopping operators provides strong evidence supporting this conjecture. It is shown that the appearance of the mathematics of 4D, N = 1 minimal off-shell supersymmetry representations is equivalent to solving a four-color problem on the truncated octahedron. This observation suggests an entirely new way to approach the off-shell SUSY auxiliary field problem based on IT algorithms probing the properties of $\mathbb{S}_d$.

**Xiaobin Li (Southwest Jiaotong University) **

**When Nekrasov partition function meets orientifold 5-plane in the thermodynamic limit**

**[ ****Link to Video Presentation in Lieu of Poster**** ] **

Abstract: In this talk, I will discuss new dualities appearing in 5d N = 1 Sp(N) gauge theory with N_f (≤ 2N + 3) flavors based on 5-brane web diagram with O5-plane. On the one hand, I will introduce Seiberg-Witten curve based on the dual graph of the 5-brane web with O5-plane. On the other hand, I will briefly explain the computations about the Nekrasov partition function based on the topological vertex formalism with O5-plane. Rewriting it in terms of profile functions, we obtain the saddle point equation for the profile function after taking thermodynamic limit. By introducing the resolvent, the corresponding Seiberg-Witten curve and boundary conditions are derived and the relations with the prepotential in terms of the cycle integrals are discussed. They coincide with those directly obtained from the dual graph of the 5-brane web with O5-plane. This agreement gives further evidence for mirror symmetry which relates Nekrasov partition function with Seiberg-Witten curve in the case with orientifold plane and shed light on the non-toric Calabi-Yau 3-folds including D-type singularities. This is joint work with Futoshi Yagi.

**Yeqin Liu (University of Illinois at Chicago)**

**Higher Rank Brill-Noether theory on $\mathbb{P}^{2}$**

Abstract: In this poster I will use very visual way to exhibit fundamental geometric properties of Brill-Noether loci in the moduli space of stable sheaves on $\mathbb{P}^{2}$, primarily focusing on (non)emptiness and (ir)reducibility. For the first part, I will introduce an upper bound and a lower bound on the maximal possible $h^{0}$ of a stable sheaf in terms of its given Chern character, and point out the range where the bounds are sharp. For the second part, I will introduce a large collection of both irreducible and reducible Brill-Noether loci, and we shall see that in some sense "most" Brill-Noether loci are reducible. This poster is based on joint work with Benjamin Gould and Woohyung Lee.

**Daniel López Neumann (Indiana University)**

**Genus bounds from twisted Drinfeld doubles**

Abstract: We propose a general construction of ``non-semisimple" quantum invariants of knots whose degrees give lower bounds to the Seifert genus. Our genus bound recovers known bounds, such as Friedl-Kim's bound for twisted Alexander polynomials, but also produces new ones, such as for the so called ADO invariants (of any simple Lie algebra at any root of unity). Our construction relies on Turaev's G-graded extension of the Reshetikhin-Turaev construction at the twisted Drinfeld double of a Hopf algebra.

**Khanh Nguyen Duc (University at Albany)**

**A Murnaghan-Nakayama Rule for Grothendieck Polynomials of Grassmannian Type**

Abstract: The Grothendieck polynomials appearing in the K-theory of Grassmannians are analogs of Schur polynomials. We establish a version of the Murnaghan-Nakayama rule for Grothendieck polynomials of the Grassmannian type. This rule allows us to express the product of a Grothendieck polynomial with a power sum symmetric polynomial into a linear combination of other Grothendieck polynomials.

**Shubham Sinha (UC San Diego)**

**Euler characteristics of tautological bundles over Quot scheme of curves.**

Abstract: We find explicit formulas for the Euler characteristics of tautological bundles over punctual Quot schemes of smooth projective curve C that parameterize zero-dimensional quotients of a vector bundle E over C. The formulas suggest analogies between the Quot schemes of curves and the Hilbert scheme of points of surfaces. Our proofs rely on Atiyah-Bott localization, universality results (of Ellingsrud, Gottsche, and Lehn), and the combinatorics of Schur functions. For higher rank quotients, we obtain expressions in genus 0. This is joint work with Dragos Oprea.

**Gregory Taylor (University of Illinois at Chicago)**

**Asymptotic Syzygies of Secant Varieties of Curves**

Abstract: We analyze the minimal free resolution of secant varieties of high degree curves. In particular, we study the Boij-Soderberg decomposition of these resolutions and conclude normal distribution of the Betti numbers. These results generalize results of Erman and Ein-Erman-Lazarsfeld.

**Misha Tyomkin (Dartmouth)**

**On numbers associated with a strong Morse function**

Abstract: Morse function f on a manifold M is called strong if all its critical points have different critical values. Given a strong Morse function f and a field F we construct a bunch of elements of F, which we call Bruhat numbers (they're defined up to sign). More concretely, Bruhat number is written on each bar in the barcode of f (a.k.a. Barannikov decomposition). It turns out that if homology of M over F is that of a sphere, then the product of all the numbers is independent of f. We then construct the barcode and Bruhat numbers with twisted (a.k.a. local) coefficients and prove that the mentioned product equals to the Reidemeister torsion of M. In particular, it's again independent of f. This way we link Morse theory to the Reidemeister torsion via barcodes. Based on a joint work with Petya Pushkar, https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.05307.

**David White (North Carolina State University)**

**Symplectic Instanton Knot Homology**

Abstract: There have been a number of constructions of Lagrangian Floer homology invariants for $3$-manifolds defined in terms of symplectic character varieties arising from Heegaard splittings. We develop a relative variant of one of these, due to H. Horton, for a knot $K \subset Y$ in a closed, oriented $3$-manifold, which we call \emph{symplectic instanton knot homology} ($\mathrm{SIK}$). This work draws upon the already extensive study done on the symplectic properties of character varieties with suitable holonomy restrictions. The nature of our construction is motivated in large part by the prospect of its extension to a quilted Floer homology associated to Cerf decomposition of $Y$ and concomitant tangle decomposition of $K$, building on the Floer field theory for tangles created by Wehrheim and Woodward.