Home‎ > ‎


First / Senior Author in Peer-Refereed Journals

2018 – 2020

Wittmann M, Mella N (2020). Having children speeds up the passage of life time in parents. Timing & Time Perception, in press.

Khoshnoud S, Alvarez F, Wittmann M (2020). Peripheral-physiological and neural correlates of the flow experience while playing video games: a comprehensive review. Peer J

Kübel SL, Fiedler H, Wittmann M (2020). Red visual stimulation in the Ganzfeld leads to a relative overestimation of duration compared to green. PsyCh Journal 9, https://doi.org/10.1002/PCHJ.395.

Wittmann M (2020). Subjective passage of time during the pandemic: routine, boredom, and memory. KronoScope 20, 260-271.

Kübel SL, Wittmann M (2020). A German validation of four questionnaires crucial to the study of time perception: BPS, CFC-14, SAQ, MQT. International Journal Environmental Research and Publich Health 17 (22), 8477.

Pfeifer E, Stolterfoth C, Spahn C, Schmidt HU, Timmermann T, Wittmann M (2020). Preventing music performance anxiety (MPA): Music students judge combined depth relaxation music therapy (DRMT) and silence to be an effective methodology. Music and Medicine 12, 148–156.

Witowska J, Zajenkowski M, Wittmann M (2020). Integration of balanced time perspective and time perception: the role of executive control and neuroticism. Personality and Individual Differences 163, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2020.110061

Witowska J, Schmidt S, Wittmann M (2020).What happens while waiting? How self-regulation affects boredom and subjective time during a real waiting situation. Acta Psychologica 205.

Dorato M, Wittmann M (2020). The phenomenology and cognitive neuroscience of experienced temporality. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 19, 747771

Pfeifer E, Wittmann M (2020). Waiting, thinking, and feeling: variations in the perception of time during silence. Frontiers in Psychology Consciousness Research 11 (602).

Wittmann M (2020). Altered states of consciousness self and time during meditation. International Journal for the Study of Chan Buddhism and Human Civilization 7, 27–39.

Pfeifer E, Fiedler H, Wittmann M (2020). Increased relaxation and present orientation after a period of silence in a natural surrounding. Nordic Journal of Music Therapy 29, 75-92.

Müller M, Müller L, Wittmann M (2019). Predicting the stock market. An Associative Remote Viewing study. Zeitschrift für Anomalistik 19, 326–346.

Kornmeier J, Friedel E, Hecker L, Schmidt S, Wittmann M (2019). What happens in the brain of meditators when perception changes but not the stimulus? PLoS ONE 14(10):e0223843.

Kohls N, Esch T, Gerber L, Adrian L, Wittmann M (2019). Mindfulness meditation and fantasy relaxation in a group setting leads to a diminished sense of self and an increased present orientation. Behavioral Sciences 9(8), 87.

Pfeifer E, Fiedler H, Wittmann M (2019). Enhanced relaxation in students after combined depth relaxation music therapy and silence in a natural settingThe Arts in Psychotherapy 63, 6876. 

Pfeifer E, Geyer N, Storch F, Wittmann M (2019). “Just Think”—Students feel significantly more relaxed, less aroused, and in a better mood after a period of silence alonein a room. Psych 1, 343–352.

Linares Gutiérrez D, Pfeifer E, Schmidt S, Wittmann M (2019). Meditation experience and mindfulness are associated with reduced self-reported mind-wandering in meditators—A German version of the Daydreaming Frequency Scale. Psych 1, 193206.

Linares Gutiérrez D, Kübel S, Giersch A, Schmidt S, Meissner K, Wittmann M (2019). Meditation-induced states, vagal tone, and breathing activity are related to changes in auditory temporal integration. Behavioral Sciences 9(5), 51.

Wittmann M, Sircova A (2018). Dispositional orientation to the present and future and its role in pro-environmental behavior and sustainability. Heliyon 4 (10) October 2018, e00882.

Jokic T, Zakay D, Wittmann M (2018). Individual differences in self-rated impulsivity modulate the estimation of time in a real waiting situation. Timing & Time Perception 6, 7189.

2016 – 2017

Wittmann M, Neumaier L, Evrard R, Weibel A, Schmied-Knittel I (2017). Subjective time distortion during near-death experiences: an analysis of reports. Zeitschrift für Anomalistik 17, 309320.

Deinzer V, Clancy L, Wittmann M (2017). The sense of time while watching a dance performance. Sage Open 7, October-December 2017, 110.

Costa RM, Pestana J, Costa D, Wittmann M (2017). Women’s finger pressure sensitivity at rest and recalled body awareness during partnered sexual activity. International Journal of Impotence Research 29, 157159

Berkovich-Ohana A, Wittmann M (2017). A typology of altered states according to the consciousness state space (CSS) model: A special reference to subjective time. Journal of Consciousness Studies 24, 3761.

Pfeifer E, Sarikaya A, Wittmann, M. (2016). Changes in states of consciousness during a period of silence after a session of depth relaxation music therapy (DRMT). Music and Medicine 8, 180–186.

Thönes S, Wittmann M (2016). Time perception in Yogic mindfulness meditation - effects on retrospective duration judgments and time passage. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice 3, 316325.

Costa RM, Petana J, Costa D, Wittmann M (2016). Altered states of consciousness are related to higher sexual responsiveness. Consciousness and Cognition 42,

2014 – 2015

Wittmann M, Rudolph T, Linares Gutierrez D, Winkler I (2015). Time perspective and emotion regulation as predictors of age-related subjective passage of time. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 12, 16027-16042.

Wittmann M (2015). Modulations of the experience of self and time. Consciousness and Cognition 38, 172–181.

Dorato M, Wittmann M (2015). The now and the passage of time. From physics to psychology. Kronoscope 15, 191213.

Zaytseva Y, Szymanski C, Gutyrchik E, Pechenkova E, Vlasova R, Wittmann M (2015). A disembodied man: A case of somatopsychic depersonalization in schizotypal disorder. PsyCh Journal 4, 186198.

Wernery J, Atmanspacher H, Kornmeier J, Candia V, Folkers G, Wittmann M (2015). Temporal processing in bistable perception of the Necker cube. Perception 44, 157168.

Wittmann M, Otten S, Schötz E, Sarikaya A, Lehnen H, Jo H-G, Kohls N, Schmidt S, Meissner K (2015). Subjective expansion of extended time-spans in experienced meditators. Frontiers in Psychology 5 (1586).

Montemayor C, Wittmann M. (2014). The varieties of presence: hierarchical levels of temporal integration. Timing & Time Perception 2, 325338. 

Wittmann M, Peter J, Gutina O, Otten S, Kohls N, Meissner K (2014). Individual differences in self-attributed mindfulness levels are related to the experience of time and cognitive self-control. Personality and Individual Differences 64, 41–45.

Wackermann J, Meissner K, Tankersley D, Wittmann M (2014). Effects of emotional valence and arousal on acoustic duration reproduction assessed via the ‘dual klepsydra model’. Frontiers in Neurorobotics 8 (11).

Wackermann J, Pacer J, Wittmann M. (2014). Perception of acoustically presented time series with varied intervals. Acta Psychologica 147, 105–110.

Pollatos O, Laubrock J, Wittmann M (2014). Interoceptive focus shapes the experience of time. PLoS ONE 9 (1): e86934.

2010 – 2013

Wittmann M (2013). The inner sense of time: how the brain creates a representation of duration. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 14, 217–223.

Pütz P, Ulbrich P, Churan J, Fink M, Wittmann M (2012). Duration discrimination in the context of age, sex, and cognition. Journal of Cognitive Psychology 24, 893–900.

Wittmann M (2011). Moments in time. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience 5 (66).

Wittmann M, Simmons AN, Flagan T, Lane SD, Wackermann J, Paulus MP (2011). Neural substrates of time perception and impulsivity. Brain Research 1406, 43–58.

Meissner K, Wittmann M (2011). Body signals, cardiac awareness, and the perception of time. Biological Psychology 86, 289297.

Wittmann M, Simmons AN, Aron J, Paulus MP (2010). Accumulation of neural activity in the posterior insula encodes the passage of time. Neuropsychologia 48, 31103120.

Wittmann M, Lovero KL, Lane SD, Paulus MP (2010) Now or later? Striatum and insula activation to immediate versus delayed rewards. Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics 3, 15

Wittmann M, van Wassenhove V, Craig AD, Paulus MP (2010). The neural substrates of subjective time dilation. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4 (2).

Gutyrchik E, Churan J, Meindl T, Bokde ALW, von Bernwitz H, Born C, Reiser M, Pöppel E, Wittmann M (2010). Functional neuroimaging of duration discrimination on two different time scales. Neuroscience Letters 469, 411

Wittmann M, Paulus MP, Roenneberg T (2010). Decreased psychological well-being in late ‘chronotypes’ is mediated by smoking and alcohol consumption. Substance Use & Misuse 45, 15

2008 2009

D, Burgard E, Wittmann M (2009). Time perception as a workload measure in simulated car driving. Applied Ergonomics 40, 929

Wittmann M, Paulus MP (2009). Temporal horizons in decision making. Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics 2, 1

Wittmann M (2009). The inner experience of time. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 364, 19551967.

P, Churan J, Fink M, Wittmann M (2009). Perception of temporal order: The effects of age, sex, and cognitive factors. Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition 16, 183

Wittmann M (2009). Die Neuropsychologie der Zeit - Kognitive und emotionale Modulatoren der zeitlichen Erfahrung. Zeitschrift für Medizinische Psychologie 18, 28-39.

Wittmann M, Arce E, Santisteban C (2008). How impulsiveness, trait anger, and extracurricular activities might affect aggression in school children. Personality and Individual Differences 45, 618

Kiss M, Cristescu T, Fink M, Wittmann M (2008). Auditory language comprehension of temporally reversed speech signals in native and non-native speakers. Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis 68, 204

Wittmann M, Paulus MP (2008). Decision making, impulsivity, and time perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12, 712.

2006 2007

Wittmann M, Leland D, Churan J, Paulus MP (2007). Impaired time perception and motor timing in stimulant-dependent subjects. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 90, 183

Wittmann M, Leland D, Paulus MP (2007). Time and decision making: differential contribution of the posterior insular cortex and striatum during a delay discounting task. Experimental Brain Research 179, 643

P, Churan J, Fink M, Wittmann M (2007). Temporal reproduction: further evidence for two processes. Acta Psychologica 125, 51

Wittmann M, Carter O, Hasler F, Cahn R, Grimberg U, Spring D, Hell D, Flohr H, Vollenweider FX (2007). Effects of psilocybin on time perception and temporal control of behaviour in humans. Journal of Psychopharmacology 21, 50

Wittmann M, Vollmer T, Schweiger C, Hiddemann W (2006). The relation between the experience of time and psychological distress in patients with hematological malignancies. Palliative & Supportive Care 4, 357

Fink M, Churan J, Wittmann M (2006). Temporal processing and context dependency of phoneme discrimination in patients with aphasia. Brain & Language 98, 1

Wittmann M, Dinich J, Merrow M, Roenneberg T (2006). Social jetlag: misalignment of biological and social time. Chronobiology International 23, 497

Fink M, Ulbrich P, Churan J, Wittmann M (2006). Stimulus-dependent processing of temporal order. Behavioural Processes 71, 344

Wittmann M, Kiss M, Gugg P, Steffen A, Fink M, Pöppel E, Kamiya H. (2006). Effects of display location of a visual in-vehicle task on simulated driving. Applied Ergonomics 37, 187


The Matterhorn on Swiss National Day 2010

2004 2005

Wittmann M, Lehnhoff S. (2005). Age effects in perception of time. Psychological Reports 97, 921

Fink M, Churan J, Wittmann M (2005). Assessment of auditory temporal-order thresholds – a comparison of different measurement procedures and the influences of age and gender. Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience 23, 281

Wittmann M, Burtscher A, Fries W, Steinbüchel v N. (2004). Effects of brain-lesion size and location on temporal-order judgment in brain-injured patients. Neuroreport 15, 2401

Wittmann M, Fink M (2004). Time and language – critical remarks on diagnosis and training methods of temporal-order judgement. Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis 64, 341348.

Detail of Neo Rauch's Alte Verbindungen (2008)

1999 – 2003

Wittmann M, Szelag, E (2003). Sex differences in perception of temporal order. Perceptual and Motor Skills 96, 105

Wittmann M, Steinbüchel N, Szelag E. (2001). Hemispheric specialisation for self-paced motor sequences. Cognitive Brain Research 10, 341344.

Wittmann M & Pöppel E (1999). Temporal mechanisms of the brain as fundamentals of communication – with special reference to music perception and performance. Musicae Scientiae 3, Special Issue 1999-2000, 13

Wittmann M, Kagerer F, Pöppel E. (1999). Wie, wann und was können wir lernen? Zeitliche und räumliche Merkmale sensomotorischer Koordination. Zentralblatt für Chirurgie 124, 876

Wittmann M (1999). Time perception and temporal processing levels of the brain. Chronobiology International 16, 1732.

Das Rheintal vom Schauinsland aus, Herbst 2011


Wittmann (2007). Die Erfahrung von Zeit: Kognitive und emotionale Modulatoren der zeitlichen Wahrnehmung [The experience of time: Cognitive and emotional modulators of temporal perception]. Habilitationsschrift an der Medizinischen Fakultät der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München.

Wittmann M (1997). Die zeitliche Organisation von Wahrnehmung und Motorik [The temporal organisation of perception and motor performance]. Dissertation zum Erwerb des Doktorgrades der Humanbiologie an der Medizinischen Fakultät der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München.

Wittmann M (1994). Psychologische Modelle der Gesichtswahrnehmung [Psychological models of face perception]. Lizentiatsarbeit im Fachbereich Psychologie der Universität Fribourg/Schweiz.

in Peer-Refereed Journals

2018 – 2020

Mioni G, Wittmann M, Prunetti E, Stablum F (2020). Time perspective and the subjective passage of time in patients with borderline personality disorders. Timing & Time Perception 8, 86-101.

Winter U, LeVan P, Borghardt TL, Akin B, Wittmann M, Leyens YM, Schmidt S (2020). Content-free awareness: EEG-fcMRI correlates of consciousness as such in an expert meditator. Frontiers in Psychology Consciousness Research 10 (3064).

Schellinger U, Wittmann M, Anton A (2019). „Das ist alles so eigentümlich verschachtelt“ Hans Bender und Carl Gustav Jung im Gespräch über Synchronizität (1960). Zeitschrift für Anomalistik 19, 420–467.

Paasche C, Weibel S, Wittmann M, Lalanne L (2019). Time perception and impulsivity: A proposed relationship in addictive disorders. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 116, 182201.

Schmidt S, Jo H-G, Wittmann M, Ambach W, Kübel S (2019). Remote meditation support - a multimodal distant intention experiment. Explore 15, 334339.

Rupprecht S, Falke P, Kohls N, Tamdjidi C, Wittmann M, Kersemaekers W (2019). Mindful leader development: How leaders experience the effects of mindfulness training on leader capabilities. Frontiers in Psychology 10 (1081).

Röhricht J, Jo H-G, Wittmann M, Schmidt S (2018). Exploring the maximum duration of the contingent negative variation. International Journal of Psychophysiology 158, 5261.

Kersemaekers W, Rupprecht S, Wittmann M, Tamdjidi C, Falke P, Donders R, Speckens A, Kohls N (2018). A workplace mindfulness intervention may be associated with improved psychological well-being and productivity. A preliminary field study in a company setting. Frontiers in Psychology 9 (195).

2016 – 2017

Kornmeier J, Friedel E, Wittmann M, Atmanspacher H (2017). EEG correlates of cognitive time scales in the Necker-Zeno model for bistable perception. Consciousness and Cognition 53, 136150.

Gowin JL, May AC, Wittmann M, Tapert S, Paulus M (2017).
Doubling down: Increased risk-taking behavior following a loss by individuals with cocaine use disorder is associated with striatal and anterior cingulate dysfunction. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging 2,

Pedrosa DJ, Nelles C, Maier F, Eggers C, Burghaus L, Fink GR, Wittmann M, Timmermann L (2016). Time reproduction deficits in essential tremor patients. Movement Disorders 31,

Pedrosa DJ, Nelles C, Maier F, Eggers C, Burghaus L, Fink GR, Wittmann M, Timmermann L (2016). Variance of essential tremor patients' time reproduction deficits. Movement Disorders 31, 1428–1429.

Schmidt S, Jo H-G, Wittmann M, Hinterberger T (2016). Catching the waves’ − slow cortical potentials as moderator of voluntary action. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 68, 639–650.

Weiner L, Wittmann M, Bertschy G, Giersch A (2016). Dispositional mindfulness and subjective time in healthy individuals. Frontiers in Psychology 7 (786).

Jo H-G, Hinterberger T, Wittmann M, Schmidt S (2016). Rolandic beta-band activity correlates with decision time to move. Neuroscience Letters 616,

Schötz E, Otten S, Wittmann M, Schmidt S, Kohls N, Meissner K (2016). Time perception, mindfulness and attentional capacities in transcendental meditators and matched controls. Personality and Individual Differences 93, 16-21.

2014 – 2015

Otten S, Schötz E, Wittmann M, Kohls N, Schmidt S, Meissner K (2015). Psychophysiology of duration estimation in experienced mindfulness meditators and matched controls. Frontiers in Psychology 6 (1215).

Gowin JL, Ball TM, Wittmann M, Tapert S, Paulus M (2015). Individualized relapse prediction: personality measures and striatal and insular activity during reward-processing robustly predict relapse. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 152, 93101.

Jo H-G, Hinterberger T, Wittmann M, Schmidt S (2015). Do meditators have higher awareness of their intentions to act? Cortex 65, 149158.

Martin B, Wittmann M, Franck N, Cermolacce M, Berna F, Giersch A (2014). Temporal structure of consciousness and minimal self in schizophrenia. Frontiers in Psychology 5 (1175).

Jo H-G, Wittmann M, Hinterberger T, Schmidt S (2014). The readiness potential reflects intentional binding. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8 (42).

Stewart JL, Connolly CG, May AC, Tapert SF, Wittmann M, Paulus MP (2014). Cocaine dependent individuals with attenuated striatal activation during reinforcement learning are more susceptible to relapse. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging 223, 129139.

Jo H-G, Wittmann M, Borghardt TL, Hinterberger T, Schmidt S (2014). First-person approaches in neuroscience of consciousness: braindynamics correlate with the intention to act. Consciousness and Cognition 26, 105–116.

Gowin JL, Harlé K, Stewart JL, Wittmann M, Tapert S, Paulus MP (2014). Attenuated insular processing during risk predicts relapse in early abstinent methamphetamine-dependent individuals. Neuropsychopharmacology 39, 1379–1387.

Stewart JL, Connolly CG, May AC, Tapert SF, Wittmann M, Paulus MP (2014). Striatum and insula dysfunction during reinforcement learning differentiates abstinent and relapsed methamphetamine-dependent individuals. Addiction 109, 460–471.

Gowin JL, Stewart JL, May AC, Ball TM, Wittmann M, Tapert SF, Paulus MP (2014). Altered cingulate and insular cortex activation during risk-taking in methamphetamine dependence: losses lose impact. Addiction 109, 237–247.

Bernauer Hochtal im Sommerregen 2014

2011 – 2013

Feicht T, Wittmann M, Jose G, Mock A, von Hirschhausen E, Esch T. (2013) Evaluation of a seven-week web-based happiness training to improve psychological well-being, reduce stress, and enhance mindfulness and flourishing. A randomized controlled occupational health study. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2013, Article ID 676953.

Jo H-G, Hinterberger T, Wittmann M, Borghardt TL, Schmidt S (2013). Spontaneous EEG fluctuations determine the readiness potential: Is preconscious brain activation a preparation process to move? Experimental Brain Research 231, 495–500.

Sysoeva OV, Wittmann M, Mierau A, Polikanova I, Strüder HK, Tonevitsky A (2013). Physical exercise speeds up motor timing. Frontiers in Psychology 4 (612).

Simmons AN, Flagan TM, Wittmann M, Strigo IA, Matthews SC, Donovan H, Lohr JB, Paulus MP (2013). The effects of temporal unpredictability in anticipation of negative events in combat veterans with PTSD. Journal of Affective Disorders 146, 426–432.

Pütz P, Wittmann M, Wackermann J (2012). Duration reproduction: Lossy integration and effects of sensory modalities, cognitive functionning, age, and sex. Perceptual and Motor Skills 115, 370–384.

Sauer S, Lemke J, Wittmann M, Kohls N, Mochty U, Walach H (2012). How long is now for mindfulness meditators? Personality and Individual Differences 52, 750–754.

Sysoeva OV, Wittmann M, Wackermann J (2011). Neural representation of temporal duration: coherent findings obtained with the ‘lossy integration’ model. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience 5 (37).

van Wassenhove V, Wittmann M, Craig AD, Paulus MP (2011). Psychological and neural mechanisms of subjective time dilation. Frontiers in Neuroscience 5 (56).

Vollmer TC, Wittmann M, Schweiger C, Hiddemann W (2011). Preoccupation with death as predictor of psychological distress in patients with haematologic malignancies. European Journal of Cancer Care 20, 403–411.

Han E, Paulus MP, Wittmann M, Chung H, Song JM (2011). Hair analysis and self-report of methamphetamine use by methamphetamine dependent individuals. Journal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications 978, 541

Szelag E, Szymaszek A, Aksamit-Ramotowska A, Fink M, Ulbrich P, Wittmann M, Pöppel E (2011). Temporal processing as a base for language universals: cross-linguistic comparisons on sequencing abilities with some implications for language therapy. Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience 29, 3545.

Munich Olympic tower summer 2006 during the World Cup

1999 2008

Paulus MP, Lovero K, Wittmann M, Leland D (2008). Reduced behavioral and neural activation in stimulant users to different error rates during decision-making. Biological Psychiatry 63, 10541060.

Wackermann J, Wittmann M, Hasler F, Vollenweider FX (2008). Effects of varied doses of psilocybin on time interval reproduction in human subjects. Neuroscience Letters 435, 5155.

Gießer I, Wittmann M, Mitzdorf U (2005). Behandlungs-bezogene Einstellungen und die Behandlungs-motivation von PatientInnen zweier komplementär-medizinischer Kliniken. Forschende Komplementärmedizin und Klassische Naturheilkunde 12, 262271.

Petru R, Wittmann M, Nowak D, Birkholz B, Angerer P. (2005). Effects of working permanent night shifts and two shifts on cognitive and psychomotor performance. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 78, 109

Berwanger D, Wittmann M, Steinbüchel v N, Suchodoletz v W. (2004). Measurement of temporal order judgement in children. Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis 64, 387394.

Berwanger D, Wittmann M, Suchodoletz v W (2003). Möglichkeiten der Messung auditiver Ordnungsschwellen und deren Zuverlässigkeit. Sprache. Stimme. Gehör 27, 3845.

Kagerer F, Wittmann M, Szelag E, Steinbüchel v N. (2002) Cortical involvement in temporal reproduction: Evidence for differential roles of the hemispheres. Neuropsychologia 40 (3), 357366.

Mates J, Steinbüchel v N, Wittmann M, Treutwein B (2001). A system for the assessment and training of temporal order discrimination. Computer Methods & Programs in Biomedicine 64, 125131.

Steinbüchel N, Wittmann M, Strasburger H, Szelag E (1999). Auditory temporal-order judgement is impaired in patients with cortical lesions in posterior regions of the left cortical hemisphere. Neuroscience Letters 264, 168171.

Lotze M, Wittmann M, Steinbüchel v N, Pöppel E, Roenneberg T (1999). Daily rhythm of temporal resolution in the auditory system. Cortex 35, 89

Steinbüchel v N, Wittmann, M., Szelag, E. (1999). Temporal constraints of perceiving, generating, and integrating information: Clinical indications. Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience 14, 167

Wales, near Newtown, mid-August 2010

five minutes later ...

another five minutes later.

Edited journals

PsyCh journal (2019): Altered States of Consciousness. Wittmann M, Giersch A, Berkovich-Ohana A (eds)

Frontiers in Psychology (2015): Sub- and supra-second timing: brain, learning and development. Chen L, Bao Y, Wittmann M (eds)

Frontiers in Neurorobotics
(2014): Towards embodied artifical cognition: TIME is on my side. Maniadakis M, Wittmann M, Droit-Volet S, Choe Y (eds)

Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics
3 (1) (2010).
Inter-temporal choice, Part II: Functional Neuroimaging Approaches. Wittmann M, Paulus MP (eds).

Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics
2 (2) (2009). Inter-temporal choice, Part I: Modeling Approaches. Wittmann M, Paulus MP (eds).

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society – Biological Sciences
364 (1525) (2009) The experience of time: neural mechanisms and the interplay of emotion, cognition and embodiment in time perception. Wittmann M, van Wassenhove V (eds).

Neurobiologiae Experimentalis 64 (3) (2004). Time, Cognition, Thinking. Szelag E, Wittmann M (eds).

Experimental Brain Research (Supplement) 117 (1997) von Steinbüchel N, Steffen A, Wittmann M (eds).

Book Chapters and Non
-Peer-Refereed Journal Articles

2018 – 2020

Kübel SL, Wittmann M (2020). Zeitempfinden im Flowzustand. In M Landes, E Steiner, T Utz (Hrsg.), Kreativität und Innovation in Organisationen. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften (im Druck)

Kübel SL, Wittmann M (2020). Zeitwahrnehmung. In S Schinkel, F Hösel, S-M Köhler, A König, E Schilling, J Schreiber, R Soremsk, M Zschach (Hrsg.), Zeit im Lebensverlauf: Ein Glossar. Bielefeld: transcript Verlag, 359-364.

Wittmann M, Dietrich S, Schmidt S, Vollmer T (2020). Zeiterleben und Umgang mit Zeit bei Patienten der Onkologie und in der Palliativmedizin. In H Ewald, K Vogeley, R Voltz (Hrsg.), Palliativ & Zeiterleben. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 108-129.

Vogeley K, Wittmann M (2020). Neurale Mechanismen der zeitlichen Organisation unseres Verhaltens. In H Ewald, K Vogeley, R Voltz (Hrsg.), Palliativ & Zeiterleben. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 3651.

Wittmann M (2020). Zeit, Bewusstsein und Selbst. In: D. Vaitl (Hrsg.) An den Grenzen unseres Wissens. Freiburg: Herder, 196-214.

Fabbri M, Åstrom E, Wittmann M (2020). Editorial to the special issue on psychological and biological time: The role of personality. Timing & Time Perception 8, 14.

Wittmann M (2020). Gefühlte Zeit und Körperzeit: Wie Zeitbewusstsein entsteht. In C. Thim-Mabrey, M. Brack, A. Fink (Hrsg.), VII. Regensburger Symposium Der Mensch in der Zeit – die Zeit im Menschen. ‚Zukunft – Vergangenheit – Jetzt‘ im Verständnis der Wissenschaften. Universität Regensburg. https://epub.uni-regensburg.de/41416/

Lugrin JL, Unruh F, Landeck M, Latoschik ME, Vogeley K, Wittmann M (2019). Experiencing waiting time in virtual reality. In: 25th ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology, no. 69.

Wittmann M, Jokic T, Pfeifer E (2019). Modulations in the experience of duration. In: V Arstila, A Bardon, S Power, A Vatakis (Eds.), The Illusion of Time: Philosophical and Psychological Essays on Timing and Time Perception. London: Palgrave Macmillan,145162.

Wittmann M, Giersch A, Berkovich-Ohana A (2019). Altered states of consciousness: With special reference to time and self. PsyCh Journal 8, 57.

Wittmann M, Meissner K (2018). The embodiment of time: How interoception shapes the perception of time. In: M Tsakiris, H de Preester (Eds.) The Interoceptive Mind - From Homeostasis to Awareness. Oxford University Press, 63–79.

Wittmann M (2018). Die Veränderlichkeit des Zeiterlebens bei Gesunden und Kranken. In: PF Matthiessen (Hrsg.) Für eine zeitliche Kultivierung der Patient-Arzt-Begegnung. Kulmbach: ML Verlag, 333-344.

Walach H, Schmidt S, Wittmann M (2018). Neurobiological principles of osteopathy. In: J Mayer, C. Standen (Hrsg.) Textbook of Osteopathic Medicine. Elsevier, 135–143.

2016 – 2017

Wittmann M (2017). Augenblick und Zufall im Fluss der Zeit. In: Schriftenreihe Band 4: Zum Zufall. Willms Neuhaus Stiftung Zufall und Gestaltung, 8593.

Wittmann M, Fiedler H, Gros W, Mossbridge J, Lucci Retz C (2017, October 11). Individual differences related to present and future mental orientation predict the sense of time.
PsyArXiv. October 11; DOI:10.31234/osf.io/ezmhp

Müller M, Wittmann M (2017). Remote Viewing:
Eine Proof-of-Principle-Studie. Zeitschrift für Anomalistik 17, 83104.

Wittmann M and van Wassenhove V (2017). Why time slows down during an accident. Frontiers for Young Minds 5 (32).

Päs H, Wittmann M (2017). How to set goals in a timeless quantum Universe. Essay in the Foundational Questions Institute
(FQXi) contest of "Wandering towards a goal".

Walach H, Schmidt S, Wittmann M (2017). Neurobiologische Grundlagen der Osteopathie. In: J Mayer, C. Standen (Hrsg.) Lehrbuch der Osteopathie.Elsevier,

Wittmann M, Paulus M (2016). How the experience of time shapes decision-making. In M. Reuter, C. Montag (eds.), Neuroeconomics. Studies in Neuroscience, Psychology and Behavioral Economics Series. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 133

Chen L, Bao Y, Wittmann M (2016). Editorial: Sub-and supra-second timing: brain, learning and development. Frontiers in Psychology 7 (747).

Wittmann M (2016). Außergewöhnliches Bewusstsein und Zeit. labor & more 3.16, 20–24.

Wittmann M (2016). The duration of presence. In B. Mölder, V. Arstila, P. Øhrstrøm (Eds.), Philosophy and Psychology of Time. Studies in Brain and Mind Series. Springer, 101113.

2014 – 2015

Wittmann M, Gutina O (2015). Влияние восприятия времени на принятие решений. [The influence of decision-making on time perception.] Психолого-экономические исследования. [Journal of Psychoeconomics] 8 (1) 5265.

Wittmann M (2015). Zeit und Beschleunigung: Wie wir Zeit erleben und warum sie so schnell vergeht. In: B. Braun, O. Neumaier (Hrsg.), Eile mit Weile. Aspekte der Be- und Entschleunigung in Wissenschaft und Kunst. Schnittstellen. Wissenschaft und Kunst im Dialog. Band 4. Wien–Münster: Lit Verlag, 39

Wittmann M, Jo H-G, Hinterberger T, Schmidt S (2015). Wille und Hirn. Eine Neuinterpretation desfrühen Bereitschafts-potentials im Libet-Experiment. Zeitschrift für Anomalistik 15, 7–20.

Wittmann M (2015). Zeiterfahrung in außergewöhnlichen Bewusstseinszuständen. In G. Mayer, M. Schetsche, I. Schmied-Knittel, D. Vaitl (Hrsg.), An den Grenzen der Erkenntnis. Handbuch der wissenschaftlichen Anomalistik. Stuttgart: Schattauer, 269–278.

Maniadakis M, Wittmann M, Droit-Volet S, Choe Y (2014). Editorial:
Towards embodied artificial cognition: TIME is on my side. Frontiers in Neurorobotics 8 (25).

Wittmann M (2014). Wie unser Gefühl für die Zeit entsteht. Spektrum der Wissenschaft 10/14, 2430.

Wittmann M (2014). "Körperzeit": Wie unser Gefühl von Zeit entsteht. Psychologische Medizin 25 (3), 17–22.
Wittmann M (2014). Embodied time: The experience of time, the body, and the self. In Arstila V, Lloyd D (eds.), Subjective time: The philosophy, psychology and neuroscience of temporality. Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 507–523.

Wittmann M, Schmidt S (2014). Mindfulness meditation and the experience of time. In S. Schmidt, H. Walach (eds.), Meditation – Neuroscientific Approaches and Philosophical Implications. Studies in Neuroscience, Consciousness and Spirituality 2. Switzerland: Springer, 199

2012 – 2013

Hinterberger T, Wittmann M, Kaiser HC, Kästele P (2013). Zeit und Bewusstsein – Die Bedeutung der Zeit für unsere Wahrnehmung, Gesundheit und Lebensqualität. Bewusstseinswissenschaften. Transpersonale Psychologie und Psychotherapie 19, 40–52.

Wittmann M (2013). The experience of time spent in hospital and its relation to psychological distress. Journal of Applied Psychology in Architecture & Health 1, 10–12.

Wittmann M (2013). Gefühlte Zeit und Körperzeit. In: Jean Gebser Gesellschaft (Hrsg.), Beiträge zur Integralen Weltsicht Vol. XXIII/2012, »Zeitnot – Zeitangst – Zeitfreiheit«. Bern
, 52–61.

Wittmann M (2012). Zwischen "unseriösem Unfug" und Paradigmenwechsel. Auf der Suche nach dem replizierbaren Standardexperiment in der Parapsychologie. Zeitschrift für Anomalistik 12, 230–233. Videolink zu Fußnote 43, S. 231.

Wackermann J, Pacer J, Wittmann M (2012). Temporal perception of acoustically presented time series. Proceedings of the 28th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Psychophysics Ottawa, Fechner Day 2012, 238–243.

2005 2011

Maniadakis M, Wittmann M, Trahanias P (2011). Time experiencing by robotic agents. In: Proceedings of the 19th European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks, Computational Intelligence and Machine Learning (ESANN).

Wittmann M, Paulus M (2009). Editorial. Inter-temporal choice: Neuronal and psychological determinants of economic decisions. Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics 2, 71

Wittmann M (2009). "Wie die Zeit vergeht". Die Erfahrung von Zeit im Alter. Bayerisches Zahnärzteblatt, Juli/August, 6467.

Wittmann M, van Wassenhove V (2009). Introduction. The experience of time: neural mechanisms and the interplay of emotion, cognition and embodiment. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 364, 1809

Wittmann M (2009). Quand les maladies mentales pertubent le sens du temps. Cerveau & Psycho 32, 54
En espagnol: El tiempo en los trastornos mentales. Mente Y Cerebro 51 (2011).

Wittmann M (2009). The subjective flow of time. In: Birks HJ (Ed.). The Encyclopedia of Time. Thousand Oaks: SAGE, 1057

Wittmann M (2009). Psychology and time. In: Birks HJ (Ed.) The Encyclopedia of Time. Thousand Oaks: SAGE, 1322

Wittmann M, Simmons AN, Aron J, Paulus MP (2008). Accumulation of neural activity in the posterior insula encodes the passage of time. Nature Precedings. http://precedings.nature.com/documents/2062/version/1

Wittmann M (2007). Gehirn und Zeit [Brain and time]. In: Kömpf D (Hrsg.). 100 Jahre Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurologie. Berlin: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurologie, 189192.

Burgard E, Wittmann M, Kiss M (2006) Gerontoökologie – Gerontotechnik. In Oswald WD, Lehr U,  Sieber C, Kornhuber J (Eds.), Gerontologie: Medizinische, psychologische und sozialwissenschaftliche Grundbegriffe. 3., vollständig überarbeitete Auflage. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 199204.

Wittmann M (2005). Wie die Zeit vergeht. Der subjektive Verlauf der Zeit. In: Bayerische Landeszahnärztekammer (Eds.), Zähne im Alter. Eine interdisziplinäre Betrachtung. München: Bayerische Landeszahnärztekammer, 7381.

2002 2004

Wittmann M (2004). Vom reifen Umgang mit der Zeit. Reife.ch Das Magazin für Reife und Reifung. http://www.reife.ch/Herbst04/reifzeit.html Reprint in: (2005). ReifeZeit 30.

Angerer P, Prechtl A, Wittmann M, Nowak D (2004). Arbeiten in sauerstoff-reduzierter Atmosphäre - Auswirkungen auf die Leistungsfähigkeit. In: Baumgartner E, Stork J. (Hrsg) Verhandlungen der Deutsch-Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Arbeitsmedizin und Umweltmedizin 44, 124

Petru R, Wittmann M, Angerer P, Birkholz B, Nowak D (2004) Auswirkungen von Dauernachtschicht im Vergleich zu Wechselschicht auf kognitive und psychomotorische Leistungsfähigkeit. In: Baumgartner E, Stork J. (Hrsg) Verhandlungen der Deutsch-Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Arbeitsmedizin und Umweltmedizin 44, 243

Pöppel E, Wittmann M (2004). Time perception. In: Adelman G, Smith BH (eds), Encyclopedia of Neuroscience 3rd edition (CD-ROM), Elsevier.

Kiss M, Wittmann M, Neidhart M, Gugg P, Deubzer E, Pöppel E, Kamiya H (2004). Kognitive Landkarten des Automobilcockpits als grundlegendes Designtool. In: C. Steffens, M. Thüring, L. Urbas (Hrsg.), Entwerfen und Gestalten. 5. Berliner Werkstatt Mensch-Maschine-Systeme. Fortschritt-Berichte. VDI Reihe 22, Nr. 16. Düsseldorf: VDI.

Wittmann M (2003). Zukunft der Generationen: Lebenslang lernen. Kongressbericht. European Journal of Geriatrics 5, 152.

J, Kiss M, Wittmann M, Gugg P, Neidhart M, Pöppel E, Kamiya H (2003). Saccadic velocities reflect presaccadic task demand. In: D de Waard, KA Brookhuis, SM Sommer, WB Verwey (eds), Human Factors in the Age of Virtual Reality. Maastricht: Shaker Publishing, 207

Y, Kiss M, Wittmann M. (2002). Effects of age and memory grouping on simulated car driving. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. 46th Annual Meeting. 1853

Wittmann M (2002). Schriftsprache und gesprochene Sprache: Grundlegende Erkenntnisse der Hirnforschung und technologische Anwendungen. In: Stiftung Lesen (Hrsg.), Gutenbergs Folgen. Von der ersten Medienrevolution zur Wissensgesellschaft. Baden-Baden: Nomos, 151-158.

Wittmann M (2002). Herausforderung für Wirtschaft und Wissenschaft: Das 1. Symposium des Generation Research Program Bad Tölz. Kongressbericht. European Journal of Geriatrics 4, 37–38.

1996 2000

Steinbüchel v N, Wittmann M, Landauer N (2000). Diagnose und Zeittraining bei Grundschülern mit Lese- und Rechtschreib-schwäche. In: P. Haase (
Hrsg.), Schreiben und Lesen sicher lernen. Dortmund: Borgmann, 133148.

Wittmann M, Pöppel E (2000). Hirnzeit. Wie das Gehirn Zeit macht. In: Kunstforum International 151, 85
90. Reprint in: GESTALT ZEITUNG (2013) - 26. Ausgabe

Wittmann M (2000). Das Erlebnis von Zeit. In: Deutsches Hygiene-Museum (Hrsg.), Gehirn und Denken. Kosmos im Kopf. Ostfilden-Ruit: Hatje Cantz, 64

Barth K, Steinbüchel v N, Wittmann M, Kappert H, Leyendecker C (2000). Zeitliche Verarbeitungsprozesse, "phonologische Bewusstheit" und Lese-Rechtschreib-kompetenz. Forum Logopädie 5, 716.

Pöppel E & Wittmann M (1999). Time in the mind. In: R. Wilson, F. Keil (Eds.). The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences. Cambridge, MA:
MIT Press, 841843.

Steinbüchel v N, Landauer N, Wittmann M (1999). Zeitliche Informationsverarbeitung bei Grundschülern mit und ohne Lese-Rechtschreibschwäche. In: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Sprachheilpädagogik e.V. (Hrsg.), Sprachheilpädagogik über alle Grenzen – Sprachentwicklung in Bewegung. Kongress-bericht zur XXIII. Arbeits- und Fortbildungstagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Sprachheilpädagogik in Dresden 1998. Rimpar: edition von freisleben, 466

Wittmann M & Pöppel E (1999). Neurobiologie des Lesens. In: B. Franzmann, K. Hasemann, D. Löffler, E. Schön (Hrsg.), Handbuch Lesen. München: K.G. Saur, 224

Steinbüchel v N, Wittmann M, Landauer N (1998). Diagnose und Training der zeitlichen Verarbeitung von Hörreizen bei Grundschülern mit LRS. In: Bundesverband Legasthenie (Hrsg.), Bericht über den 12. Fachkongreß 1997 Greifswald, 8290.

Steinbüchel v N & Wittmann M (1997). Die Erfassung zeitlicher Informationsverarbeitung als Diagnoseinstrument zentralnervöser Störungen. In: E. Kasten, M. Kreutz, B. Sabel (Hrsg.) Neuropsychologie in Forschung und Praxis. Jahrbuch der Medizinischen Psychologie. Göttingen: Hogrefe, 146

Steinbüchel v N, Wittmann M, de Langen E (1996). Zeitliche Informationsverarbeitung und Sprache - ein integraler Ansatz in der Aphasietherapie. Verhaltensmodifikation und       Verhaltensmedizin 7, 331351.

Steinbüchel v N, Wittmann M, Pöppel E (1996). Timing in perceptual and motor tasks after disturbances of the brain. In: MA Pastor, J Artieda (Eds.). Time, Internal Clocks and Movement. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 281

Santa Monica pier 2006


Wittmann M (2015). Wenn die Zeit stehen bleibt: Kleine Psychologie der Grenzerfahrungen. München: C.H. Beck
Amerikanisch: (2018): Altered States of Consciousness. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Wittmann M (2012). Gefühlte Zeit: Kleine Psychologie des Zeitempfindens. München: C.H. Beck
Italienisch: (2015). Il tempo siamo noi. Roma: Carocci.
Amerikanisch: (2016). Felt Time. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.
Chinesisch: (2017). 时间,快与慢, 文化发展出版社
Türkisch: (2018). Hissedilen Zaman. Metis.

Wittmann M, Eisenkolb A, Perleth C (1997). Neue Intelligenz-tests. Ein umfassendes Test- und Übungsprogramm. Augsburg: Augusta.
Chinesisch: (2001).by Guizhou Peoples Publishers (Guizhou renming chubanshe); Wiederauflage: 2018

Lonely Road North of Los Angeles 2005

Published Book Reviews

“Theresa Cheung & Julia Mossbridge (2019). Der Zukunftscode. Wie die Neurowissenschaft Vorhersagen erklären kann. München: Trinity“ In: Zeitschrift für Anomalistik 19, 2019, 215–248.

"Argiro Vatakis, & Melissa J. Allman (Eds.) (2015).Time Distortions in Mind. Leiden: Brill." In: Perception 45, 2016.

"Etzel Cardena, Michael Winkelman (Eds.) (2011). Altering Consciousness – Multidisciplinary Perspectives. Volume 1: History, Culture, and the Humanities. 2: Biological and Psychological Perspectives. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger". In: Zeitschrift für Anomalistik 12 (2+3) 2012.

"Tanja Vollmer, Gemma Koppen (2010). Die Erkrankung des Raumes. München: Herbert Utz Verlag" in: Zeitschrift für Medizinische Psychologie 20, 2011.

“Roger Penrose (1998). Das Große, das Kleine und der menschliche Geist. Heidelberg Spektrum Verlag” in: Physikalische Blätter 55 (6) 1999 
"Hermann Haken, Maria Haken-Krell: Gehirn und Verhalten. DVA in: Physikalische Blätter 54 (3) 1998