Classification


Yacht Buoys site

Motor yacht classifications (general)

Cruiser: sufficient amenities for extended on-board living

Weekender: basic cabin with galley and plumbing

Day cruiser: bare amenities such as an ice box / refrigerator and head

Sport fisher: living amenities and sport fishing rigging

Luxury: all amenities with luxurious finishing and extended range


A motor yacht will generally have one or two diesel engines. Some are designed with bio diesel
propulsion. Large power yachts have a higher operating cost compared to most sailing yachts.

Replacing sails can be expensive so smaller power yachts will have comparable maintenance costs
to sailing yachts.

Sail yachts are more environmentally friendly although most are equipped with a small diesel engine for backup power. If winds are not favorable the engine can be used. Also used for docking where precise
navigation is required.


PURCHASE BUOY



sailing yacht class

Sailing yacht classification (general)

Day sailor: usually small and under 20 feet. They often have a retractable keel or centerboard. May be equipped with a "cubby" where equipment may be stored or provide basic shelter from the environment.

Weekender: most are under 30 feet. Equipped for 2-3 day journeys normally. Referred as "pocket yachts" they have a small cabin and sleeping accommodations. Galley and limited water and food storage. Some are equipped with twin keels which can be raised to allow beaching or trailer loading.
Basic navigation equipment. Some sailors have under taken longer journeys by "hopping" from marina to marina where they can replenish their supplies.


Racer: designed for racing they generally have a light hull and a deep and heavy keel which allows the use of a tall mast. Modern racers have a wide beam and flat bottom which gives the yacht great speed. They can be manned by a single person or a large crew commonly seen on world cup racing events. Most racing yachts will sacrifice comfort amenities to reduce weight allowing the vessel more speed.

Cruiser:
the most common yacht for private use. Most are 25 to 40 feet in length. Many variations are available to suit the owners needs. Equipped with a galley, sleeping births and a head. Extension navigation equipment allowing freedom to roam the seas. Single or twin masts. Jib or spin maker sails for down wind use. Yachts over 50 feet are usually custom built for the owner so they are designed exclusively for them. Capable of long range cruising that can be thousands of miles. They are not built for speed but sailing with comfort in mind.

Luxury: generally 80 feet plus in length defines a luxury sailing yacht. Every modern convenience can be found on these vessels. Computer controlled sails along with auto pilots make the yacht easier to control. Most will have multiple power sources that include wind, water and solar powered generators. The cost of these yachts has been reduced by the invention of fiberglass and "production line" boat building techniques. Earlier models were made of steel or wood which had much higher maintenance costs. Some people have lived for years on a luxury yacht. Only the need for provisions or repairs would see them visit a port.




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