Personality and Psychological Disorders

How should we differentiate between "normality" and "disorder?" We should consider behaviors that are:
    ** deviant
    ** distressful
    ** dysfunctional

What perspectives help us to understand psychological disorders?
    ** medical model --- assumes they are mental illnesses that can be diagnosed and cured with therapy (sometimes in a hospital)
    ** biopsychosocial model --- suggests that disordered behavior, like other behavior, arises from genetic predispositions and physiological states:  inner psychological dynamics and socio-cultural circumstances 

How and why are the psych disorders classified?
    ** DSM-IV - TR- provides a common language for mental health professionals

ANXIETY DISORDERS
    ** anxiety is only classified as a disorder when our methods of coping become maladaptive

Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Panic Disorders
Phobias
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

DISSOCIATIVE DISORDER
    ** conditions in which conscious awareness seems to become separated from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings
    ** DID (dissociative identity disorder), also known as MPD (multiple personality disorder)

MOOD DISORDERS
    ** characterized  by emotional extremes

Major Depressive Disorder
Bipolar Disorder
Mania

SCHIZOPHRENIA
    ** symptoms are disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions

PERSONALITY DISORDERS
    ** enduring, maladaptive patterns of behavior that impair social functioning

Antisocial Personality Disorder
Narcissistic Personality Disorder
Borderline Personality Disorder

DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS
    ** also referred to as childhood disorders; are typically diagnosed during infancy, childhood, or adolescence

Mental Retardation
Autism
ADHD
Conduct Disorder
Oppositional Defiant Disorder