English 8


1. Protagonist - the main character/can be good or bad

2. Antagonist - the force in conflict with the protagonist/ does not need to be human/ eg. snow, bees, low self-esteem

a) Study Skills Key - organisation

b) Study Skills 4 D's - Designation (urgent, important, unimportant); Dump (unimportant); Delay (important); Do (urgent)

3. Round Character - complex, needs more than two words to describe, unpredictable eg. Shrek

4. Flat Character - simple, described in two words, predictable eg. the Scooby Doo kids; Scooby - hungry and cowardly

c) Nouns - people (Kanye West), places (Moose Jaw) and things: objects (kite), ideas (poverty), emotions (happiness)

d) Proper Nouns and Common Nouns - Proper - a specific name, always capitalized, eg. Kanye West, Moose Jaw; Common - a general name, not capitalized except to begin a sentence, eg. kite, poverty, happiness

e) Concrete and Abstract Nouns - Concrete - can be sensed by at least one of the senses eg. pizza, a whistle/Abstract - cannot be sensed eg. communism, love, war

5. Dynamic Character - changes during the story - not personality, but opinion or behaviour eg. Harry, Draco, Neville

f) Collective Nouns - refer to a group people or things as one item eg. team, committee, flock / can be plural eg. teams, committees, flocks

6) Static Character - does not change during the story eg. Hagrid, Dumbledore, Gollum, Sam (LOR)

7) Hero - not always the protagonist/ willing to sacrifice their life for a person(s) or cause(s) eg. Dumbledore, Fred Weasley

8) The Foil - a character who contrasts with the protagonist (usually)/does the opposite of the protagonist/ eg. Harry and Draco

g) Countable and Uncountable Nouns - Countable = can be counted using numbers, can use a, an , can be made plural eg. cat, dog, squirrel, otter/ Noncountable - cannot be counted using numbers, can't use a, an, cannot be made plural, eg. tea, rice, knowledge

h) Study Space - should have no distractions or interruptions, be available, have a large enough desk, a comfortable chair, all your supplies, and snacks

i)Plurals - more than two of something/ usually add 's' or 'es'/ NO APOSTROPHES!!! - except for 6's, abc's, C+'s

9) Symbols - something concrete stands for something abstract/ eg. maple leaf & beaver = Canada; cross = Christianity; orca = Vancouver Canucks; black = death

j) Possessives - show ownership/followed by a noun/NO APOSTROPHES!!! (except its, yours, ours, his, hers, theirs)/ eg. Carl's truck, Jess' truck, its tire

k) Consonants and Vowels - vowels = a,e,i,o,u + sometimes y/ consonants = all the rest + sometimes y

10) Elements of a Story - Characters, setting, plot, conflict, resolution

11) Setting - Time and Place

l) Subject Pronoun - I, you, he, she, it, one, we, you, they

12) Anti Hero - a heroic character who does heroic deeds but does not have the usual qualities of a hero

13) Plot - the events that make up the story from introduction to resolution

m) Object Pronouns - me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them

14) Thesis Statement - the main idea of your paragraph or essay/an opinion (not a fact) to be argued/ every sentence revolves around it

15 Thesis Starters #1

16. Thesis Starters #2

17. Conflict Types - person vs. person, person vs. self, person vs. society, person vs. environment, person vs. technology, person vs. supernatural

18. Test Preparation - flashcards, rewrite or re-read notes, organize notes, mnemonics, teach someone, know the test format, be caught up, have all questions answered

n) Verbs - action (run, jump) or a state of being (I am or I'm sure) / also link subject to a descriptor (He is tired)/ also help by showing intention or tense (I will leave, I could leave)


Sept. 10 - a lot, decision, cannot, high school, privilege, each other

Oct. 9- sincerely, truly, barely, deceive, opinion,specific