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Associate Professor of Economics
Department of Economics and Social Sciences, Università Politecnica delle Marche,
Piazzale Martelli 8, 60121 Ancona Italy
+39-071-2207250
a.loturco(at)univpm.it


Research Interests:

Applied International Trade - International Trade, productivity and the labour market; International division of labour, tasks and gender disparities; Trade, FDI, economic geography and complexity of production; migration, trade and production; financial development, export and firm growth
.



NEWS: 4 april 2017 Qualification as Full Professor of Economics; 4 april 2017 Qualification as Full Professor of Economic Policy



In progress:


Import penetration and returns to tasks:
  Evidence from the Peruvian labour market (R&R)

(with Elizabeth Jane Casabianca and Claudia Pigini)


This paper provides original evidence on the impact of import   penetration on wage returns to job tasks in the Peruvian rapidly growing developing economy. We match labour force surveys   with industry level information on import exposure and a measure of job manual tasks intensity built using the U.S. O*Net database.   By combining the identification strategy proposed  by Klein and Vella (2010) with the traditional instrumental variable (IV) approach, we simultaneously address  the potential reverse causality between imports and wages and the self-sorting of workers  into occupations  according to their comparative advantage in  performing manual/cognitive tasks. We therefore explore the heterogeneous effect of import penetration on
  workers' wages along the whole distribution of manual intensity across occupations. Furthermore, we compare partial and general equilibrium effects of imports by measuring import penetration both at the sector and occupation level and we find that the latter are sensitively larger than the former. In line with extant evidence on the capital-skill complementarity in developing economies, our results reveal that import penetration reduces hourly earnings of workers employed in highly manual occupations and increases wages of workers performing highly cognitive activities.


Women at Work. A task analysis of the gender wage gap.
(with Elizabeth Jane Casabianca and Claudia Pigini)

We provide a task-based analysis of  the gender wage gap (GWG). We apply multivariate factor  analysis on the O*NET database and show that three main  tasks describe an occupation: manual,  managerial-interpersonal and cognitive-professional. Matching  our task measures with U.S. CPS data from 2003 to 2010 we find that the GWG narrows as the manual and cognitive-professional  intensity of tasks increases, whereas it widens in  managerial-interpersonal intensive jobs. Non-cognitive skills, then,  importantly characterize jobs and translate  into heterogenous returns across genders. Our empirical  strategy simultaneously accounts for endogenous selection into employment and occupations according to the latter's task  intensity.



For God’s sake. The impact of religious proximity on firms’ exports (R&R)

(with Daniela Maggioni)

Using a rich firm level data set for Turkish manufacturing, we test whether the sharing of similar religious beliefs with potential contracting parties drives a firm's first time entry in export markets. We exploit variation in the practice of Islam across Turkish provinces and we find that firms located in provinces characterised by stronger religiousness are more likely to enter export destinations with a higher share of Muslims among their population. This result is robust to the control for past trade, cultural and migration ties, to the control for reverse causality and several further sensitivity checks. Religious proximity also translates in higher initial export shipments and mitigates the role of export experience in subsequent foreign market entries. All in all, our evidence hints at the important role of religious proximity in reducing entry export sunk costs, thanks to higher trust among contracting parties.


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