Joost Zwarts, linguist, semanticist

Institute for Language Sciences (ILS) | Department of Languages, Literature and Communication | Utrecht University

J.Zwarts@uu.nl | Trans 10 | 3512 JK Utrecht | The Netherlands

Research interests: Biblical language [B], Collectivity [C], Figurative language [F], Kalenjin [K], Word play [L], Modification [M], Reference [R], Prepositions [P], Space [S], Visualization [V], Word meaning [W]

New, upcoming

paper [C][K] Zwarts, J., Chelimo, A., & Jerono, P. (2024). The reflexive in Kalenjin: Its syntactic status and semantic functions. In Y. Huang, N.H. Kaldhol, J. J. Lim, S. Rose, & A. Struthers-Young (Eds.), ACAL in SoCAL: Selected papers from the 53rd Annual Conference on African Linguistics (pp. 539-556). Language Science Press. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.11210482 pdf

paper [L][V] Figurative letters. pdf

paper [V] The shapes of meaning: How word meanings are visualized. pdf

talk [V] Picture this: How linguists draw meanings. The 21st International Congress of Linguists, Poznań, September 8-14. abstract slides references

talk [V] The shapes of meaning. Visual Language Conference, Tilburg, June 28. abstract poster references

2024

talk [V] Visualizing meaning. Grote Taaldag, Utrecht, February 2. slides

course [V] The shapes of meaning: Visualizations in semantics. LOT Winter School, Tilburg, January 8-12. website

Shapes of meaning in different visualizations

2023

talk [V] A bigger picture: The graphics of lexical decomposition. Workshop Theoretical and Computational Approaches to Decomposition and Presuppositions. Universität des Saarlandes, November 8. slides

paper [S] Abzianidze, L., Zwarts, J., & Winter, Y. (2023). SpaceNLI: Evaluating the consistency of predicting inferences in space. In S. Chatzikyriakidis & V. de Paiva (Eds.), Proceedings of the 4th Natural Logic Meets Machine Learning Workshop (pp. 12–24). Association for Computational Linguistics. pdf

talk [K] Number marking in Marakwet. PhD defense workshop for Silvia Terenghi, Utrecht University, January 27. handout

paper [C][K] Zwarts, J., Chelimo, A., & Jerono, P. (2023). Two verbal plurals in Endo-Marakwet. Arusha Working Papers in African Linguistics, 5(1), 51–67. pdf

paper [B][F] Zwarts, J. (2023). Mining and mapping New Testament metaphors and the Louw-Nida lexicon. In S. Schulthess, G. V. Allen, P. Dilley, & P. M. Phillips (Eds.), New approaches to textual and image analysis of early Jewish and Christian studies (pp. 68–87). Brill. doi:10.1163/9789004515116_006   book website   interactive visualization

Body metaphors in the Greek New Testament

2022

paper [C][P] Zwarts, J. (unpublished). Tussen een enkelvoud. Ms. Utrecht University. pdf

paper [S] Zwarts, J. (in progress) Formal semantics of spatial language. Contribution for a handbook about spatial language, edited by J. Bohnemeyer & E. Pederson, in the de Gruyter series The Expression of Cognitive Categories.

paper [C] Kruitwagen, I., Hampton, J.A., Winter, Y., & Zwarts, J. (2022). Alternate Categorization: a Formal-Conceptual Semantics of Reciprocal Alternations. In M. Degano, T. Roberts, G. Sbardolini, & M. Schouwstra (Eds.), Proceedings of the 23rd Amsterdam Colloquium (pp. 188–193). ILLC. pdf

talk [C] (with G. Palmieri) On lexical reciprocity in Swahili. IATL 37, Hebrew University of Jerusalem,  October 19-20. abstract

talk [F][M] Metaphor alignment in complex concepts. Concepts in Action: Representation, Learning, and Application (CARLA 2022), Humboldt University of Berlin, August 22-24. slides

talk [C][K] Reflexive/reciprocal marking in Markweeta, Annual Conference on African Linguistics 53, University of California San Diego, April 8.

talk [F][M] Tax havens and fiscal regimes: Metaphorical domains in compounding and modification, Workshop Literal and Figurative Meanings of Compounds, DGfS, Tübingen, February 24. slides

talk [F][M] Twice aptness and the adverb literally and metaphorically, Grote Taaldag, Utrecht University, February 4. slides

Alignment of metaphorical readings in endocentric N+N compounds

2021

course [F] The semantics of metaphor, ESSLLI, Utrecht. link

paper [B][C][P] Zwarts, J. (2021). "Between" constructions in Biblical Hebrew. In M. Dingemanse, E. van Lier, & J. Vogels (Eds.), Linguistics in the Netherlands 38 (pp. 163-178). John Benjamins. doi:10.1075/avt.00055.zwa   pdf

talk [P] (with O. Matushansky) Parameters of nominal deficiency in complex prepositions, at Colloque PrepComp2021, Toulouse, September 30. handout

talk [F][M] Domain adjectives and metaphorical functions. Presentation at the Workshop Metaphor and Ambiguity Analysis (MAmbA), March 26-27. slides

talk [B][C][P] 'Between' constructions in Biblical Hebrew. Presentation at the Dutch Annual Linguistics Day 2021,January 29.

Two ways of forming collections (Zwarts, 2020:539)

2020

paper [C] Zwarts, J. (2020). Contiguity and membership and the typology of collective nouns. In M. Franke, N. Kompa, M. Liu, J.L. Mueller, & J. Schwab (Eds.), Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 24 (pp 539-554). Osnabrück University and Humboldt University of Berlin. pdf  

paper [P] Zwarts, J. (2020). Prepositions and particles: Place and path in English, German, and Dutch. In M. Putnam & R. Page (Eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Germanic Linguistics (pp 615-638). Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/9781108378291.027    pdf

Terug on the 'back'/'again' map (Zwarts, 2019:231)

2019

paper [F][M] Zwarts, J. (2019). On domain adjectives and the metaphors they modify. In Julian J. Schlöder, Dean McHugh & Floris Roelofsen (Eds.), Proceedings of the 22nd Amsterdam Colloquium (pp 437-444). ILLC. pdf

paper [C] Palmieri, G., Pinto, M., Winter, Y., & Zwarts, J. (2019). Lexical reciprocity vs. grammatical reciprocity: The case of Italian. In M. Baird, D. Göksu, & J. Pesetsky (Eds.), Proceedings of NELS 49 Volume 3 (pp 15-28). GLSA Publications. pdf

paper [P][R] Matushansky, O., & Zwarts, J. (2019). Tops and Bottoms: Axial Nominals as Weak Definites. In R. Stockwell, M. O'Leary, Z. Xu, & Z.L. Zhou (Eds.), Proceedings of the 36th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics (pp 270-280). Cascadilla Press. pdf

paper [F][S][W] Zwarts, J. (2019). From “back” to “again” in Dutch: The structure of the “re” domain. Journal of Semantics, 36(2), 211-240. doi:10.1093/jos/ffy017     pdf

talk [C] Membership and connectedness and the typology of collective nouns. Sinn und Bedeutung, Osnabrück, September 6.

2018

paper Zwarts, J. (2018). Shifting animacy shifts. Theoretical Linguistics, 44(1–2), 107.

talk [C] (with G. Palmieri, M. Pinto & Y. Winter) Lexical reciprocity vs. grammatical reciprocity: the case of Italian. IATL 34, Ben Gurion University, Beer Sheva, October 9.

talk [C] (with G. Palmieri, M. Pinto & Y. Winter) Lexical reciprocity vs. grammatical reciprocity: the case of Italian. NELS 49, Ithaca, October 7.

talk [B][F] 'A net cast into the sea': Identifying biblical metaphors using semantic domains. Research meeting, Metaphor Lab Amsterdam, October 2.

talk [B][F] Mapping metaphors in a lexicon of New Testament Greek. Metaphor Festival, Amsterdam, August 30.

talk [P][R][S] (with O. Matushansky) Tops and bottoms: axial nouns as kinds. WCCFL 36, UCLA, April 20. handout

talk [P][R][S] (with O. Matushansky) Axes to grind. GLOW 41, Budapest, April 11. poster

talk [P][R][S] (with O. Matushansky) On cross-linguistic combinatorics of axial complexes. Grote Taaldag, Utrecht, February 3. handout

talk [B][F] Mining metaphorical mappings: New Testament Greek. Grote Taaldag, Utrecht, February 3.  

talk [F][P][S] Rising temperatures and other paths. ENDPOINTS 2018: Endpoints, scales, and results in the decomposition of verbal predicates. Humboldt Universität, Berlin, January 30. handout

talk [P][R][S] (with O. Matushansky) The partial nominality of axial parts. Syntax Interface Lectures, Utrecht, January 22. handout

Metaphorical mapping CHURCH (MEMBER) IS BODY (PART) 

2017

paper [B][F] Zwarts, J. (2017). The meanings of μέλος: The polysemy of Paul’s member metaphor. Ms., Utrecht University. pdf

paper [R] Le Bruyn, B., de Swart, H., & Zwarts, J. (2017). Bare nominals. In M. Aronoff (Ed.), Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Oxford University Press. pdf

paper [P][S] Zwarts, J. (2017). Spatial semantics: Modeling the meaning of prepositions. Language and Linguistics Compass, 11(5), 1–20. pdf

paper [F][S] Matushansky, O., & Zwarts, J. (2017). Making space for measures. In A. Lamont & K. Tetzloff (Eds.), Proceedings of NELS 47 (Vol. 2) (pp. 261-274). GLSA Publications. pdf

talk [B][F] Cross-domain mappings in the Louw-Nida lexicon, 2017 Annual meeting of the European Association of Biblical Studies, Berlin, August 7-11.

2016

paper [S] Goldschmidt, A., & Zwarts, J. (2016). Hitting the nail on the head: Force vectors in verb semantics In M. Moroney, C. Little, J. Collard, & D. Burgdorf (Eds.), Proceedings of the 26th Semantics and Linguistic Theory Conference, held at the University of Texas at Austin May 12-15, 2016 (pp. 433-450). Linguistic Society of America. pdf

paper [S][W] Basso, R., & J. Zwarts (2016). Counterdirectionality cross-linguistically: Comparing Brazilian Portuguese and Dutch. Revista da ABRALIN, 15(1), 19-44. pdf

paper Zwarts, J. (2016). Boekbespreking van: Jeroen Van Craenenbroeck en Guido Vanden Wyngaerd, Formele semantiek. Een inleiding in de formele analyse van betekenis. Tijdschrift voor Nederlandse Taal- en Letterkunde, 132(1), 5-6. pdf

paper [F][S][W] Zwarts, J. (2016). Ways of Going Back: A Case Study in Spatial Direction. In M. Faytak, M. Goss, N. Baier, J. Merrill, K. Neely, E. Donnelly & J. Heath (Eds.), Proceedings of the Thirty-Ninth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (pp. 425-443). Berkeley Linguistics Society. pdf

paper [R] Le Bruyn, B., de Swart, H., & Zwarts, J. (2016). From HAVE to HAVE-verbs: Relations and incorporation. Lingua, 182: 49-68.

paper [P][S] Zwarts, J., & Gärdenfors, P. (2016). Locative and directional prepositions in conceptual spaces: The role of polar convexity. Journal of Language, Logic and Information, 25(1), 109-138. pdf

talk [W] The meaning of synonymy. Word meaning: Interdisciplinary themes, University of the Basque Country, Vitoria-Gasteiz, November 2-3. handout

talk [F][R][S] (with O. Matushansky) Making space for measures. 47th Annual Meeting of North East Linguistic Society (NELS 47), University of Massachusetts Amherst, October 14-16. 

talk [B][F] Blending and elaboration in the Pauline member metaphors. 2016 Annual meeting of the European Association of Biblical Studies, Leuven, July 18. handout

talk [W] Taboo words, hot concepts and expressive clusters. TABU dag, Groningen, June 3. handout

talk [S] (with A. Goldschmidt) Hitting the nail on the head: Force vectors in verb semantics. Poster at SALT 26, Semantics and Linguistic Theory, Austin, Texas, May 12-15.

talk [W] Taboo words, hot concepts and expressive clusters 17th Szklarska Poreba Workshop, Szklarska Poreba, Poland, March 6. slides

talk [S] (with A. Goldschmidt) Hitting the nail on the head: Forces in verb meanings. 17th Szklarska Poreba Workshop, Szklarska Poreba, Poland, March 6.

talk [M] (with Y. Winter) Event Orientated Adnominals and Compositionality. Syntax and Semantics of the Nominal Domain, Goethe Universität, Frankfurt am Main, February 4.

talk [S] (with A. Goldschmidt) Hitting the nail on the head: Forces in verb meanings. Linguistik Kolloquium, Universität Bielefeld, February 2.

Polar betweenness (Zwarts & Gärdenfors, 2016:114)

2015

paper [P] Zwarts, J. (2015). Out of phase: Form-meaning mismatches in the prepositional phrase. In I. Toivonen, P. Csúri, & E. van der Zee (Eds.), Structures in the Mind: Essays on Language, Music, and Cognition in Honor of Ray Jackendoff (pp. 63-78). MIT Press. book website

paper [V][W] Zwarts, J. (2015). Conceptual spaces, features, and word meanings: The case of Dutch shirts. In F. Zenker & P. Gärdenfors (Eds.), Applications of Conceptual Spaces: The Case for Geometric Knowledge Representation (Synthese Library Vol 359) (pp. 57-78). Springer. pdf

talk [S] (with A. Goldschmidt) Hitting the nail on the head: Forces in verb meanings. SFB Kolloquium SS 2015, Heinrich Heine Universität, Düsseldorf, July 16.

talk [F][S][W] Explorations in the 're' domain. Formal Semantics Meets Cognitive Semantics. Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, January 23.

The space of shirts in Dutch (Zwarts, 2015:68)

2014

video [P][S] Morel, S., Postma, A., & Zwarts, J. (2014). The dangerous ambiguity of prepositions, a video made by REDRUM, funded by Neuroscience and Cognition Utrecht. link

book [R] Aguilar-Guevara, A., Le Bruyn, B., & Zwarts, J. (Eds.) (2014). Weak Referentiality. John Benjamins. 

paper [R] Aguilar-Guevara, A., Le Bruyn, B., & Zwarts, J. (2014). Advances in weak referentiality, In A. Aguilar-Guevara, B. Le Bruyn, & J. Zwarts (Eds.), Weak Referentiality (pp. 1-16). John Benjamins.

paper [R][W] Zwarts, J. (2014). Functional frames in the interpretation of weak nominals. In A. Aguilar-Guevara, B. Le Bruyn, & J. Zwarts (Eds.), Weak Referentiality (pp. 265-286). John Benjamins.

paper [P] Zwarts, J. (2014). Directionele PP's als predikaten (of niet). Nederlandse Taalkunde/Dutch Linguistics, 19(2), 255-275.

paper [P] Zwarts, J. (2014). Voorwerpen met voorzetsels. Nederlandse Taalkunde/Dutch Linguistics, 19(2), 245-247.

paper [R] Le Bruyn, B.,de Swart, H., & Zwarts, J. (2014). Have, with and without. In Todd Snider (Ed.), Proceedings of SALT 23 (pp. 535 -548). LSA.

paper [R] Aguilar-Guevara, A., & Zwarts, J. (2014). Weak definites refer to kinds. Recherches linguistiques de Vincennes, 42, 33-60.

talk [F]{S}[W] From back to again and back again. Colóquio de Semântica Referencial, Universidade. Federal de Sao Carlos, October 23.

talk [R] (with B. Le Bruyn & H. De Swart) The dynamics of relational nouns. Sinn und Bedeutung 19, Göttingen, September 15.

talk [F][S][W] Back across the bridge. Workshop Bridging Formal and Conceptual Semantics (BRIDGE-14), Düsseldorf, April 12.

talk [F][S][W] Going back in Dutch: Paths, polysemy, and presupposition. Ohio State University, March 21.

talk [R][W] Weak definites and free functional frames. Discourse op Dinsdag, Utrecht, March 11.

talk [R] (with H. de Swart) Expressing weak definiteness: With or without article. Journée Définis faibles, Paris, February 17.

The dangerous ambiguity of prepositions

2013

paper [R] Zwarts, J. (2013). Lidwoord weg: kale nomina in een absolute constructie. Nederlandse Taalkunde, 18(2), 222-227.

paper [R] Aguilar-Guevara, A., & Zwarts, J. (2013). Definidos fracos denotam especies. Revista da ABRALIN, 12(1), 77-123.

paper [P][R] Zwarts, J. (2013). From N to N: The anatomy of a construction. Linguistics and Philosophy, 36(1), 65-90.

paper [P][R] Le Bruyn, B., de Swart, H., & Zwarts, J. (2013). Quantificational prepositions. In T. Graf, D. Paperno, A. Szabolcsi, & J. Tellings (Eds.), Theories of Everything: In Honor of Ed Keenan (pp. 187-196). UCLA Working Papers in Linguistics.

talk [P] Directionele PPs: Paden versus predikaten. Dag van de Nederlandse Zinsbouw, Groningen, November 29.

talk [P][S] (with A. Goldschmidt) From picture to preposition: Modeling lexical-semantic variation in the spatial domain. Workshop on Semantic Variation, Chicago, October 15.

talk [F][S][W] Ways of going back: A Case study in spatial direction. Stuttgart, July 4.

talk [P] PPs, paths, and resultatives. Secondary predication in Formal Frameworks (SPIFF), May 27.

talk [P][S] Mapping the meaning of prepositions. University of Lincoln, April 24.

talk [R] Bare landscape. The ultimate WR workshop, March 25.

talk [F][S][W] Ways of going 'back': A case study in spatial direction. Berkeley Linguistics Society 39th Annual Meeting, Berkeley, February 16.

talk [F][S][W]Ways of going 'back': A case study in spatial direction. Linguistica y Ciencia Cognitiva, Madrid, January 16.

2012

paper [M] Blom, C., de Groote, P., Winter, J., & Zwarts, J. (2012). Implicit Arguments: Event Modification or Option Type Categories? In M. Aloni et al. (Eds.), Amsterdam Colloquium 2011 (pp. 240-250). LNCS 7218. Springer.

talk [P][S] Mapping the meaning of prepositions. The Meaning of P, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, November 23-25.

talk [V][F][P][S][W] Maps of meaning and webs of words: The case of 'round'. Seminar, Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study, Uppsala, October 18.

talk [P] The 'space' of P. Prefix verbs: The Impact of Preposition-like Elements on the Syntax and Semantics of Verbs, University of Stuttgart, July 13-14.

talk [V][W] Constructing conceptual spaces for lexical semantics. Conceptual spaces at work, Lund University, May 24-26.

talk [F] (with B. le Bruyn) Metaphor mining. Workshop The Language of Literature, Radboud University Nijmegen, March 23.

2011

paper [P][R] Le Bruyn, B., de Swart, H., & Zwarts, J. (2011). Mass-count distinctions in bare PPs. Ms. Utrecht University.

paper [M] Winter, Y., & Zwarts, J. (2011). Event semantics and abstract categorial grammar. In M. Kanazawa et al., (Eds.), Mathematics of Language 12 (pp. 174-191). LNAI 6878. Springer.

paper [P] Lestrade, S., de Schepper, K., & Zwarts, J. (2011). The distribution of labor between adpositions and case within complex spatial PPs. Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung (STUF), 64(3), 256-274.

talk [M] (with C. Blom, P. De Groote & Y. Winter) Implicit Arguments: Event Modification or Option Type Categories? Amsterdam Colloquium 18, University of Amsterdam, December 20.

talk [M] (with Y. Winter) Adjectives and the event semantics of nominals: Events across categories. S&P Colloquia, Nijmegen, November 8.

talk [R] (based on work with the Weak Referentiality Project) Without article: Bare objects in PPs. CASTL, University of Tromso, October 22.

talk [M] (with Y. Winter) Event semantics and Abstract Categorial Grammar. Mathematics of Language 12, Nara, Japan, September 8.

talk [M] (with Y. Winter) On the event semantics of nominals - the one-argument hypothesis. Sinn und Bedeutung 16, Utrecht University, September 8.

talk [P] Measuring time in prepositional phrases. Workshop "The representation of gradability", Leiden University, June 7.

2010

paper [R] Aguilar-Guevara, A., & Zwarts, J. (2010). Weak definites and reference to kinds. D. Lutz & N. Li (Eds.), Proceedings of SALT 20 (pp. 179-196). LSA.

paper [R] de Swart, H., & Zwarts, J. (2010). Optimization principles in the typology of number and articles. In B. Heine & H. Narrog (Eds.), Handbook of linguistic analysis (pp. 555-582). Oxford University Press.

paper [P] Zwarts, J. (2010). A hierarchy of locations: evidence from the encoding of direction in adpositions and cases. Linguistics, 48(5), 983-1009

paper [P] Zwarts, J. (2010). Forceful prepositions. In V. Evans & P. Chilton (Eds.), Language, Cognition and Space: The State of the Art and New Directions (pp. 193-214). Equinox Publishing.

paper [V] Zwarts, J. (2010). Semantic map geometry: Two approaches. Linguistic Discovery, 8(1), 377-395.

paper [V] Zwarts, J. (2010). Author's Reply - Getting to the Points of a Semantic Map. Linguistic Discovery, 8(1), 398-399.

paper [V] Zwarts, J. (2010). Commentary on de Haan - Can Semantic Maps Be Built Purely Bottom-up? Linguistic Discovery, 8(1), 123-124.

book Hendriks, P., de Hoop, H., Krämer, I., de Swart, H., & Zwarts, J. (2010). Conflicts in Interpretation. Equinox Publishing.

paper [P] Claessen, C., & Zwarts, J. (2010). On the Dutch directional particle heen. In J. van Kampen & R. Nouwen (Eds.), Linguistics in the Netherlands 2010 (pp. 31-43). John Benjamins.

talk [P] Special P Objects. Seoul National University, December 2.

talk [P][R] From N to N: Paths, plurality and reduplication. Seoul National University, December 4.

talk [R] Weak definites and the lexical semantics of nouns. GliF Seminar, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, May 13.

talk [R] (with A. Aguilar Guevara) Weak definites and reference to kinds. Poster, SALT 20, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, May 1.

talk [P][S] The semantics of cardinal directions in English. Spatial Representation and Reasoning in Language: Ontologies and Logics of Space, Dagstuhl Seminar, Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik, Dagstuhl, March 28.

talk [P] On virtual grounds: Directions and durations as objects of prepositions. DGfS Workshop "Morphosyntax and Semantics of Spatial Relators", Berlin, February 24-26. (abstract)

2009

paper [R] Zwarts, J. (2009). Bare constructions in Dutch. Ms. Utrecht University.

paper [W] Hogeweg, L., Lestrade, S., Malchukov, A., & Zwarts, J. (2009). Semantic markedness in gender opposition, blocking and fossilization. Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung, 62(4), 325-343.

paper [R] de Swart, H., & Zwarts, J. (2009). Less form - more meaning: why bare singular nouns are special. Lingua, 119, 280-295.

paper [V][W] de Schepper, K., & Zwarts, J. (2009). Modal geometry: Remarks on the structure of a modal map. In L. Hogeweg, H. de Hoop, & A. Malchukov (Eds.), Cross-linguistic Semantics of Tense, Aspect and Modality (pp. 245-269). John Benjamins.

paper Zwarts, J. (2009). Boekbespreking van Constructions, Constraints, and Construal van Maaike Beliën. Nederlands Taalkunde, 14(3), 382-385.

paper [V][W] Zwarts, J. (2009). Semantic maps voor vogelnamen in Brabantse dialecten. Taal en Tongval Themanummer, 20, 63-81.

talk [P][R] Plurality and reduplication in the from-N-to-N construction(s). The Grammar of Reiteration. University of Amsterdam, December 17.

talk [R] (with H. de Swart & B. le Bruyn) Bare PPs across languages. Workshop on Bare Nouns, Paris, November 26-27.

talk [P][R] Plurality and reduplication in the from-N-to-N construction(s). Workshop on Nominal and Verbal Plurality, Paris, November 6-7.

talk [R] (with H. de Swart & B. le Bruyn) Bare PPs across languages. Seminar i teoretisk lingvistikk, University of Oslo, November 4.

talk [P] On virtual grounds: Directions and durations as complements of prepositions. ESPP 17th Annual Conference, Budapest, August 29.

2008

paper [V] Zwarts, J. (2008). Commentary on Croft and Poole, Inferring universals from grammatical variation: Multidimensional scaling for typological analysis. Theoretical Linguistics, 34(1), 67-73.

paper de Hoop, H., & Zwarts, J. (2008). Case in formal semantics. In A. Malchukov & A. Spencer (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Case (pp. 170-181). Oxford University Press.

paper [S] Zwarts, J. (2008). Aspects of a typology of direction. In S Rothstein (Ed.), Theoretical and Crosslinguistic Approaches to the Semantics of Aspects (pp. 79-106). John Benjamins.

paper [P][S] Asbury, A., Gehrke, B., van Riemsdijk, H., & Zwarts, J. (2008). Introduction: Syntax and semantics of spatial P. In A. Asbury, J. Dotlacil, B. Gehrke, & R. Nouwen (Eds.), Syntax and Semantics of Spatial P (pp. 1-32). John Benjamins.

paper [P][S] Zwarts, J. (2008). Priorities in the production of prepositions. In A. Asbury, J. Dotlacil, B. Gehrke, & R. Nouwen (Eds.), Syntax and Semantics of Spatial P (pp. 85-102). John Benjamins.

paper [R] de Swart, H., & Zwarts, J. (2008). Article use across languages: An OT Typology. In A. Grönn (Ed.). Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 12 (pp. 628-644). University of Oslo.

talk [S] Encoding spatial direction. Workshop on Locative Case, Radboud University Nijmegen, August 25.

talk [R] Some remarks on bare coordination. Bare workshop 2, Leiden, June 26

talk [K][W] Endo kinship terminology. Invited talk, University of Cologne, April 16.

talk [R] Some remarks on bare coordination. Workshop OT and interpretation 2, Berlin, February 8.

talk [R] Some remarks on bare coordination. AI Seminar, Utrecht, January 21.

2007

special issue [P] Corver, N., Doetjes, J. & Zwarts, J. (2007). Special Issue: Linguistic perspectives on numerical expressions. Lingua 117(5).

book Bouma, G., Krämer, I., & Zwarts, J. (Eds.) (2007). Cognitive Foundations of Interpretation. Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Science.

paper [R] de Swart, H., Winter, Y., & Zwarts, J. (2007). Bare nominals and reference to capacities. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, 25(1), 195-222.

paper Corver, N., Doetjes, J. & Zwarts, J. (2007). Linguistic perspectives on numerical expressions: Introduction. Lingua, 117(5), 751-757.

paper Bouma, G., Krämer, I. & J. Zwarts, J. (2007). Introduction: Interactions in interpretation. In G. Bouma, I. Krämer, & J. Zwarts (Eds.) (2007). Cognitive Foundations of Interpretation (pp. 1-4). Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Science.

paper Bouma, G., Hendriks, P., de Hoop, H., Krämer, I., de Swart, H., & Zwarts, J. (2007). Conflicts in interpretation. In G. Bouma, I. Krämer, & J. Zwarts (Eds.) (2007). Cognitive Foundations of Interpretation (pp. 39-68). Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Science.

paper [K] Zwarts, J. (2007). Number in Endo-Marakwet. In M. Reh & D. Payne (Eds.), Advances in Nilo-Saharan Linguistics: Proceedings of the 8th Nilo-Saharan Linguistics Colloquium, University of Hamburg, August 22-25, 2001 (pp. 281-294). Rüdiger Köppe Publishers.

talk [V] Semantische kaarten en conceptuele ruimtes. Café-KI, Utrecht, October 16. 

talk [V] Semantic map geometry: Two approaches. Workshop Semantic Maps: Methods and Applications, Paris, September 29.

talk [V][W] Polysemy, Formal Concepts and Semantic Maps. Workshop Polysemie und konzeptuelle Repräsentation, 29. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Sprachwissenschaft, February 28 - March 2.

talk [W] (with L. Hogeweg, S. Lestrade & A. Malchukov) Semantic markedness in gender oppositions, blocking and fossilization. Workshop (Morphological) Blocking and Linguistic Variation, 29. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Sprachwissenschaft, February 28 - March 2.

2006

paper [P] Corver, N., & Zwarts, J. (2006). Prepositional Numerals. Lingua, 116(6), 811-835.

talk [F][S] Zwarts, J. (2006). Event shape: Paths in the semantics of verbs. Paper presented at the Workshop on the geometric structure of events, Konstanz October 7-8.

paper [P] Zwarts, J. (2006). Case marking direction: The accusative in German PPs. In J. Bunting et al. (Eds.), CLS 42-2: Papers from the 42rd Annual Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society (pp. 93-107). Chicago Linguistic Society.

paper [F][P] Zwarts, J. (2006). Om en rond: een semantische vergelijking. Nederlandse Taalkunde, 11(2), 101-123.

talk [V][W] Vogelnamen in Brabantse dialecten: Semantische kaarten en conceptuele structuren. Studiedag over dialectlexicografie, KANTL, Gent, November 17.

talk [P] Prepositions as quantifiers. Quantification in the Lexicon and in Syntax, Brussels, June 8-9.

talk [P][S] P-patterns: How prepositions shape each other's meanings. Syntax and Semantics of Spatial P, Utrecht, June 14.

talk [P] Case marking directionality. Variation and Stability in Grammar, CASTL/CLS Workshop, Nijmegen, April 25.

talk [P] Constructional case. CLS 42, Chicago, April 7.

talk [P] Adpositional government. TIN-dag, Utrecht, February 4.

2005

talk [P] Zwarts, J. (2005). The case of prepositions: Government and compositionality in German PPs. Paper presented at the 21st Annual Meeting of the Israel Association for Theoretical Linguistics, Haifa, June 23.

book de Hoop, H., & Zwarts, J. (2005). Formal Semantics and Cross-Linguistic Data. Online Proceedings of ESSLLI Workshop. Edinburgh.

paper [P][S] Zwarts, J. (2005). Prepositional Aspect and the Algebra of Paths. Linguistics and Philosophy, 28(6), 739-779.

paper Hendriks, P., de Hoop, H., & Zwarts, J. (2005). Comparative paths to an optimal interpretation. In E. Maier, C. Bary, & J. Huitink (Eds.), Proceedings of SuB9 (pp. 553-563). NCS.

paper [R] de Swart, H., Winter, Y., & Zwarts, J. (2005). Bare predicate nominals in Dutch. In E. Maier, C. Bary, & J. Huitink (Eds.), Proceedings of SuB9 (pp. 446-460). NCS.

talk [R] (with H. de Swart) Less form, more meaning: bare singular nouns. A bare workshop, Utrecht, December 22.

talk [R] Bare constructions and nominal classes. Nominal anaphors/Epitheths workshop, Utrecht, December 21.

talk [P] Forceful prepositions. Theme session Language, Cognition and Space, ICLC 9, Seoul, July 22.

talk [S][W] Opposition and direction. 9th International Cognitive Linguistics Conference, Seoul, July 18.

talk [P] The aspect of prepositions. Theoretical and Crosslinguistic Approaches to the Semantics of Aspect, Bar-Ilan, June 30.

talk [P] The case of prepositions. 21st Annual Meeting of the Israel Association for Theoretical Linguistics, Haifa, June 23.

talk [R] (with H. de Swart & Y. Winter) Syntax and semantics in the interpretation of Dutch predicate nominals. 21st Annual Meeting of the Israel Association for Theoretical Linguistics, Haifa, June 22.

talk [R] (with H. de Swart & Y. Winter) Bare predicate nominals at the syntax-semantics interface: evidence from Dutch. Indefinites and weak quantifiers, Brussels, January 6-8.

2004

book [K] Zwarts, J. (2004). The Phonology of Endo: A Southern Nilotic Language of Kenya. LINCOM Studies in African Linguistics 59. LINCOM.

paper [V][W] van Eijck, J., & Zwarts, J. (2004). Formal Concept Analysis and Prototypes. In W. Kuhn, M. Raubal, F. Probst, & K. Jonowicz (Eds.), Proceedings of the Workshop on the Potential of Cognitive Semantics for Ontologies (FOIS 2004) (pp. ??). University of Muenster.

paper de Swart, H., & Zwarts, J. (2004). Interpretation as conflict resolution. Ilha do desterro, 47, 97-128.

paper [P][W] Zwarts, J. (2004). Competition between Word Meanings: The Polysemy of (A)Round. In C. Meier & M. Weisgerber (Eds.), Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 8 (pp. 349-360). University of Konstanz Linguistics Working Papers.

talk [F][S] Event shape. Semantics Colloquium, Nijmegen, November 23.

talk [V][W] (with J. van Eijck) Formal Concept Analysis and Prototypes. Workshop on the Potential of Cognitive Semantics for Ontologies (FOIS 2004), Turin, November 3.

talk (with P. Hendriks & H. de Hoop) Comparative paths to an optimal interpretation. Sinn und Bedeutung 9, Nijmegen, November 1-3.

talk [R] (with H. de Swart & Y. Winter) Properties and types and the interpretation of predicate nominals. Sinn und Bedeutung 9, Nijmegen, November 1-3.

talk [M][S] Spatial structure in semantics: Aspect, opposition and modifiers. Workshop on the geometric structure of events. Konstanz, October 7-8.

talk [R] (with H. de Swart & Y. Winter) Properties and types and the interpretation of predicate nominals. Leiden Utrecht Semantics Happenings, Utrecht, September 17.

talk [P] (with N. Corver) Prepositional numerals. Workshop on Numerals in the World's Languages. Leipzig, March 29-30.

talk [P][S] Prepositional Aspect and the Algebra of Paths. Workshop on Event Structures in Linguistic Form and Interpretation. Leipzig, March 18.

talk [P] (with N. Corver) Counting with prepositions. Linguistics in the Netherlands (TIN-dag). Utrecht, February 7.

2003

paper [S] Zwarts, J. (2003). Vectors across spatial domains: from place to size, orientation, shape and parts. In E. van der Zee & J. Slack (Eds.), Representing Direction in Language and Space (pp. 39-68). Oxford University Press.

paper [P][S] Zwarts, J. (2003). Lexical Competition: 'Round' in English and Dutch. In P. Dekker & R. van Rooij (Eds.), Proceedings of the Fourteenth Amsterdam Colloquium (pp. 229-234). ILLC.

paper [P][S] Zwarts, J. (2003). Paths round a prototype. In P. Saint-Dizier (Ed.), ACL-SIGSEM workshop: The Linguistic Dimensions of Prepositions and their Use in Computational Formalisms and Applications (pp. 228-238). IRIT.

talk [P][S] Lexical Competition: 'Round' in English and Dutch. Amsterdam Colloquium. December 21.

talk [P][S] Competition Between Word Meanings: The Polysemy of (A)round. Sinn und Bedeutung VIII, September ??.

talk [P][S] Paths round a prototype. ACL-SIGSEM Workshop on The Linguistic Dimensions of Prepositions. Toulouse, September 4-6.

talk [S][W] The Opposition Schema. Semantics and Modeling. Paris, March 20.

2002

talk [K] Number in Dutch and Endo: Form versus Meaning? Semantics Colloquium, Nijmegen. November 26.

talk [F][S] Universal Quantification in the Semantics of (a)round. Linguistics Colloquium. Groningen, November 22.

talk [K] Noun classification in Endo-Marakwet: Some semantic observations. 1st Nilotic Network Workshop, Kisumu, March 7-9.

talk [K] CARLA across Kalenjin, 1st Nilotic Network Workshop, Kisumu, March 7-9

2001

paper Zwarts, J. (2001). Review of Adverbs and Functional Heads by Guglielmo Cinque. Notes on Linguistics, 3(4), 227-229.

paper Zwarts, J. (2001). Review of Negation and Polarity: Syntactic and Semantic Perspectives, by Laurence R. Horn and Yasusiko Kato. Notes on Linguistics 3.4, 229-230.

talk [K] Plural semantics in Endo-Marakwet. 8th Nilo-Saharan Linguistics Colloquium, Hamburg, August 22-25.

talk [K] Plural semantics in Endo-Marakwet. BTL Linguistics Colloquium, Nairobi, August 1

2000

paper [P][S] Winter, Y., & Zwarts, J. (2000). Vector space semantics: A model-theoretic analysis of locative prepositions. Journal of Logic, Language and Information, 9(2), 171-213.

paper Zwarts, J. (2000). External Arguments. In P. Coopmans, M. Everaert & J. Grimshaw (Eds.), Lexical Specification and Insertion (pp. 429-457). John Benjamins, .

paper [S] Zwarts, J. (2000). Vectors across Spatial Domains: From Place to Size, Orientation, Shape and Parts. In E. van der Zee & J. Slack (Eds.), Proceedings of the Workshop on Axes and Vectors in Language and Space (pp. 105-118). University of Lincolnshire and Humberside.

paper Zwarts, J. (2000). Review of Algebraic Semantics in Language and Philosophy by Godehard Link. Notes on Linguistics, 2(4), 235-236.

paper Zwarts, J. (2000). Review of Projections and Interface Conditions: Essays on Modularity by Anna-Maria Di Sciullo. Notes on Linguistics, 3(1), 55-56.

paper Zwarts, J. (2000). Review of Parts and Wholes in Semantics by Friederike Moltmann. Notes on Linguistics, 3(2), 116-118.

talk [S] Vectors across spatial domains. Workshop on Axes and Vectors in Language and Space, Lincoln, July 31-31.

1999

paper Zwarts, J. (1999). Review of Syntactic Theory and the Structure of English: A Minimalist Approach, by Andrew Radford. Notes on Linguistics, 2(1), 56-58. 

1997

paper [P][S] Zwarts, J. (1997). Vectors as Relative Positions: A compositional semantics of modified PPs. Journal of Semantics 14, 57-86.

paper [P] Zwarts, J. (1997). Complex prepositions and P-Stranding in Dutch. Linguistics, 35, 1091-1112.

paper [P] Zwarts, J. (1997). Lexical and Functional Properties of Prepositions. In D. Haumann & S. Schierholz (Eds.), Lexikalische und grammatische Eigenschaften präpositionaler Elemente (pp. 1-18). Niemeyer Verlag.

paper [P][S] Winter, Y., & Zwarts, J. (1997) A semantic characterization of locative PPs. In A. Lawson (Ed.), Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory (SALT) VII (pp. 294-311). Cornell University.

talk [P] Direction in Dutch PPs. Leipzig, June 25

talk [P][S] (with Y. Winter) A semantic characterization of locative PPs. SALT VII, Stanford University, April 21-23

1996

paper Zwarts, J. (1996) Review of Plurality, Conjunction and Events by Peter Lasersohn. GLOT International, 1(7), 16-18.

paper [S] Zwarts, J. (1996). Rekenen met richting. Nederlandse Taalkunde, 1(3), 177-190.

talk [P] Lexical and Functional Properties of Prepositions. Jahrestagung DGfS, Freiburg, February 28.

talk [P] Begin en eind als voorzetsels van tijd. TIN-dag, Utrecht, January 20.

1995

paper [P] Zwarts, J. (1995). Lexical and Functional Direction. In M. den Dikken & K. Hengeveld (Eds.), Linguistics in the Netherlands 1995 (pp. 227-238). John Benjamins.

paper [P][S] Zwarts, J. (1995). The Semantics of Relative Position. In Mandy Simons & Teresa Galloway  (Eds.), SALT V: Proceedings from Semantics and Linguistic Theory (pp. 405-422). CLC Publications.

paper [P][S] Zwarts, J. (1995). Modification of Prepositions: Evidence for Vectors in Spatial Semantics. In P. Amsili, M. Borillo, & L. Vieu (Eds.), Time, Space and Movement: Meaning and Knowledge of the Sensible World (pp. 45-48). Groupe Langue, Raisonnement, Calcul.

talk [P] Final Prepositions and the Syntax of Direction. Workshop on Final Heads, Tilburg, November 25.

talk [P] Prepositions with Pronouns: (Anti)symmetry in Dutch PPs. Onderzoekers, Utrecht, October 5.

talk [P][S] The Semantics of Relative Position. SALT V, Austin, February 24.

talk [P] Naar en van als functionele hoofden. TIN-dag, Utrecht, January 21.

talk [P] Simple and Complex Prepositions and P-Stranding in Dutch. Comparative Germanic Syntax, Brussels, January 18.

1994

paper [W] Zwarts, J., & Verkuyl, H.J. (1994) An Algebra of Conceptual Structure. Linguistics and Philosophy, 17, 1-28.

paper [P][S] Zwarts, J. (1994). Een algebraïsche semantiek voor lokatieve PPs. TABU Bulletin voor Taalwetenschap, 24(3), 127-140.

paper [P][S] Zwarts, J. (1994). A Vector-Based Semantics for Locative PPs. In H. Bunt, R. Muskens, & G. Rentier (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Workshop on Computational Semantics (pp. 221-230). ITK.

paper Zwarts, J. (1994). Pronouns and N-to-D Movement. In M. Everaert, B. Schouten, & W. Zonneveld (Eds.), OTS Yearbook 1993 (pp. 93-112). OTS.

talk [P] Prepositions and Pronouns. Lexicon Workgroup, Wuppertal, November 14.

talk Pronouns and N-to-D Movement. LAGB, Salford, April 6.

talk [R] On the Open Place of Nominal Predicates. Indefinieten-dag, Groningen, February 11.

talk [P][S] Een algebraïsche semantiek voor lokatieve PPs. TABU-dag, Groningen, June 24.

1993

paper Zwarts, J. (1993). A Degree-Based Semantics for Bare Positive Adjectives. In J. Mead (Ed.), The Proceedings of the Eleventh West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics (pp. 539-552). CSLI.

talk [R] Over het open karakter van nominale predikaten. TIN-dag, Utrecht, January 22.

1992

book Zwarts, J. (1992). X' Syntax - X' Semantics: On the Interpretation of Lexical and Functional Heads. Doctoral Dissertation, Utrecht University.

paper [S] Verkuyl, H.J., & Zwarts, J. (1992). Time and Space in Conceptual and Logical Semantics: The Notion of Path. Linguistics, 30, 483-511.

paper [R] Zwarts, J. (1992). The Interpretation of Bare Plurals at Logical Form. In P. Coopmans, B. Schouten, & W. Zonneveld (Eds.), OTS Yearbook 1991 (pp. 93-112). OTS. 

talk [P] The Argument Structure of Prepositions. Lexicon Workgroup, Wuppertal, October 13.

talk [R] De interpretatie van kale meervouden op LF. Taalkundig Colloquium, Groningen, February 28.

talk A Degree-Based Semantics for Bare Positive Adjectives. WCCFL XI, Los Angeles, February 22.

talk [R] Leeghoofdige subjecten. TIN-dag, Utrecht, January 18.

1991

paper [P] Zwarts, J. (1991). The RP-Hypothesis. In J. van Lit, R. Mulder, & R. Sybesma (Eds.), Leiden Conference for Junior Linguists 2 Proceedings (pp. 259-273). University of Leiden. 

talk [P] The RP-Hypothesis. Grammaticamodellen, Tilburg, May 8.

talk Soortnamen. Letteren AIO-dag, Utrecht, March 7.

talk [W] Move-Alpha in Conceptual Structure. TIN-dag, Utrecht, January 19.

talk External Arguments. Workshop on Lexical Insertion and Lexical Specification, Utrecht, December 10.

talk [S] (with H.J. Verkuyl) Time and Space in Logical and Conceptual Semantics. Onderzoekers, Utrecht, May 8.

1990

paper Zwarts, J. (1990). Some Parallels between DP and IP. In R. Bok-Bennema & P. Coopmans (Eds.), Linguistics in the Netherlands 1990 (pp. 155-164). Foris Publications.

paper [R] Zwarts, J. (1990). Kinds and Generic Terms. In M. Stokhof & L. Torenvliet (Eds.), Proceedings of the Seventh Amsterdam Colloquium (pp. 685-706). ITLI. 

talk [P] The RP-Hypothesis. Leiden Conference for Junior Linguists 2, Leiden, December 13.

talk [R] Geheel en al. TABU-dag, Groningen, June 8.

talk Enkele parallellen tussen DP and IP. TIN-dag, Utrecht, January 20.

talk [S] (with H.J. Verkuyl) Time and Space in Logical and Conceptual Semantics. Workshop on Time, Space and Movement, Nijmegen, November.

1989

paper Zwarts, J. (1989). Statives and Habituals. In P. Coopmans, B. Schouten, & W. Zonneveld (Eds.), OTS Yearbook 1989 (pp. 101-111). OTS.

paper [R] Zwarts, J. (1989). Weak and Strong Noun Phrases and the DP-Hypothesis. In J. van Lit, R. Mulder, & R. Sybesma (Eds.), Leiden Conference for Junior Linguists 1 Proceedings (pp. ?? ). University of Leiden.

talk [R] Kinds and Generic Terms. Amsterdam Colloquium, Amsterdam, December 21.

talk [R] Weak and Strong Noun Phrases. Leiden Conference for Junior Linguists 1, Leiden, November 16.

1988

talk [R] Generieke NPs. De Onderzoekers, Utrecht, December 9.