Book; "A history of MULLION COVE Cornwall"

 

 

" A History of  Mullion Cove Cornwall"
£9.99 plus P & P UK only.

CONTENTS

1. A look at the Cove in the 19th Century through black and white  photographs.
2. Mullion Mills- New information. How the landscape was managed to create a water course supplying local Mills worked in the valley hundreds of years ago from which the Cove took its name -"Porth Mellin". It  identifies two new Mill sites in the Cove itself, which were not previously well known, and a photograph of an early 19th C painting which shows one of them with its overshot wheel discharging water from the leat into the cove.
3. The Mullion Harbour Story-  The importance of the coast near to Mullion in the 18th and 19th centuries has never previously been fully explained. There were plans to build a small harbour and a Breakwater from the mainland adjacent to the Vro to Mullion Island in 1868 but this did not take place. Shipwrecks among sailing ships and Rescues in the "Mullion Roads" often occurred with loss of life. 
The history of the construction of the current harbour piers began in 1890, and the circumstances which led to the creation of the Harbour. The West Pier, the first to be constructed, was built between 1890-1892, during the period which included the winter of 1891, the year of the Great Cornish Blizzard. The South Pier was built between 1895 -1897. This Chapter seeks to set the record straight by research into  original records and accounts of the time which also show that the harbour was not just built for the Fishermen, but for the local community.
4. History of the Mullion Lifeboats Daniel J Draper, The Edith and the Nancy Newbon. 1867-1908. An updated study, with old photographs generously donated.
5. The  loss of William Mundy. William was the first Coxswain of the Mullion Lifeboat. In 1872 he tragically drowned  in a sailing accident off Porthleven. With him were 2 of his sons and a local carpenter who was shortly to get married.It was a great loss for the village of Mullion.
6. Mullion Coastguard. The origins of the Watch House on Predannack Head in the Napoleonic wars, Smugglers plus the bravery of the men who effected a series of rescues with the  invaluable  Rocket Apparatus.
7. Smugglers and Wreckers. Sssh... pass the Brandy.
8. Guide to Mullion Pilchard Fishing, Crab, Lobster and Crawfish fishing. The Chapter explains the origins of Seine Fishing and the close business links between Mullion,and communities across Mounts Bay.
9. Fishing stories connected to Mullion from the 18th, 19th, and 20th century taken from  archived newspapers, written in the form of an annual diary.
10. Mullion Fishing in the 20th Century. The rise and fall  of a changing industry, the introduction of motorised boats, the move from seine fishing to herring fishing, the decline, and the surviving  Crab, Lobster and Crawfish fishing.
11. Copper Mine ... and Soaprock Quarries. Industry in the Cove. The Copper Mine was periodically in use from the early 1700`s until the early 1850`s producing valuable and almost pure "Native Copper". The Mine had several short periods of operation and it was renamed on each occasion. It was known as Wheal Unity for a productive few years in the early 1800s and the last name it took was Wheal Trenance or Trenance Mine when it operated from 1845-1852, never opening again after that time.
Soapstone or soaprock (also called Talc) was quarried from nearby Kynance Cove & Gew Graze (Soapy Cove)in the 1740s, and from Mullion Cove, and Pentreath from the early 1750`s  and this helped to  produce the first  soft- paste porcelain, made in this country. Addition of crushed soaprock provided the porcelain with the ability to withstand boiling water. This process helped small English factories to compete with Chinese Imports.
From 1752 the influence of  the Worcester Porcelain Factory in the area was huge, lasting over 70 years. Tea drinking, initially by the wealthier classes took off for the first time in the UK, spreading to all levels of Society and by 1750 was the most popular drink in the country. The factories produced finely made and decorated porcelain teapots,and many people drank out of fine porcelain cups and these English wares were made using Soapstone from the west coast of the Lizard Peninsula.
12. The story of two brothers , William and Asa Walter Andrews, from Boston USA. One of the most amazing Atlantic crossings ever made in a small cedar sailing boat, named the "Nautilus".It had a hull only half an inch in thickness .... and  they made their first landfall in Mullion Cove in August 1878 to the surprise of local residents. Their important, but  "forgotten" story is here. 
13. Victorian visitors to the Cove. What attracted the Victorians to the Cove? In particular,it was the "Sea-caves" including Torchlight Cave on the south side of the cove. With care these caves can still be accessed at low tides today.
14. Mullion Regatta 1890s to 1928. The story of the first Regattas which began after the building of the Harbour Piers. See the part played by famous Edwardian visitors when the storms almost wrecked the Mullion Cove Fishing fleet  in 1905, and the beautiful silver Rose bowl, last presented in 1901.
15. Poem "Mullion Musings"  If you love Mullion Cove, or poetry, you will appreciate this poem. Written in 1878.
16. A view from above the Cove. Why is there a cannon at the top of the cliff overlooking the Cove?  A look from above at some of the early history, including the inauguration of the Cove Hotel in 1898.
17. Last, but by no means least ... The future for Mullion Cove.... What is the future for Mullion Cove ,will the National Trust approach of "Managed Retreat" prevail, and the Historic Piers be lost forever ?
Mullion Cove is an iconic location on the west coast of the Lizard Peninsula. Many say that it has one of the most unique, if not spectacular, views in the whole of Cornwall. A number of buildings associated with the fishing industry have Listed status.The harbour and Mullion island were purchased by the Meyer family in the 1920`s.
In 1945 the Harbour it was gifted to the National Trust. At that time  the harbour already needed repairs to the South Pier, the end of which had fallen away. 
The National Trust made a successful public appeal for money to finance the repairs. Part of the work after the Second World War involved restructuring the end of the south pier by creating a sloping surface instead of a vertical end wall.This was not the end of repairs and  damage has regularly occurred. According to National Trust Reports and Surveys which have been commissioned by them suggest that the damage is likely to continue and be affected by Sea Level rise and Climate Change.
Much of the cost of repairs made to the piers by the National Trust is paid for by Insurance.
The National Trust plan prior to 2014  was for "Managed Retreat"  but this is now (2014) known as "Managed Realignment". 
The Harbour Piers became Grade II Listed structures in 1984 and since 2012 repairs have become "character changing" resulting in Listed Building Plans being required for the introduction of Mass Concrete into the repair process.


Other books- "Soaprock Coast- the origins of English porcelain" -Now £4.99 plus P &P (UK only)


Also Published August 2015 The Wreck of the Jonkheer at Poldhu Cove 1867 - Now  £2.99 plus P &P (UK only)

https://sites.google.com/site/thewreckofthejonkheeratpoldhu/


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MULLION COVE LATEST

The author has now researched the subject of the significant damage caused to Mullion Harbour in the 1930s leading up to the Second World war and a summary of the work is available to read here online under the side heading of "A look at damage to Mullion Harbour in the 1930s". This was a significant period in the history of the Harbour and a subject which has not previously been researched in this way. The evidence has been referenced by the author and will be completed shortly. 25.4.2017
 

 The first real storm of the winter-  2.2.17

        

2016-2017
Our changing weather- weather conditions appear to have have changed and the number of storms decreased
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4170368/Where-winter-wind-gone.html
butis it about to change ?
http://www.express.co.uk/news/weather/760400/weather-storm-torrential-rain-gale-winds-ice-met-office
http://www.express.co.uk/news/weather/759980/UK-weather-news-storm-warning-Doris-Atlantic-storm-update?utm_source=traffic.outbrain&utm_medium=traffic.outbrain&utm_term=traffic.outbrain&utm_content=traffic.outbrain&utm_campaign=traffic.outbrain

It should be noted that the future of Mullion Cove depends upon the completion and implementation of a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) 11.2016

November 2016 Mullion Sunset from Henscath.

        


     

  
Damage which occurred during the winter of 2015-2016 has been repaired. It again includes an area of concrete repair

   

16.9.16 Working out how to put the wall back together again takes patience.
  
9.9.16 It is believed that the National Trust may not yet have arranged permission to complete Listred Building Repair to some of the damage to the harbour with the Concrete which they again put in their application. In that case they may have to repair using traditional stone. Certainly would look better than concrete.
Listed Building Consent is required for all works of demolition, alteration or extension to a Listed Building (includes a LIsted Structure) that affects its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest.
Collecting granite quoins washed off the pier in previous storms.
  
Below; Winter damage requiring repair on the west pier
  

19.8.2016 The South West is hit by a summer storm. The hot weather is interruptedby 50mph gusts of wind and high Spring Tides.
  
  
  

My new web site 2016     https://sites.google.com/site/picturesofthelizardpeninsula/home

https://sites.google.com/site/picturesofthelizardpeninsula/mullion-village
https://sites.google.com/site/picturesofthelizardpeninsula/mullion
https://sites.google.com/site/picturesofthelizardpeninsula/mullion-storms-2013-2014

HAS THE NEW REPAIR AT MULLION HARBOUR BEEN COMPROMISED?
Over half a million pounds was put into the repair of the harbour at Mullion Cove after the storms of 2014, but after repair completion only a year ago there are signs of cracks now appearing in the surface of the south pier at the seaward end. This is a worrying factor in the future of the Harbour. 6.4.2016

       

EASTER 2016- A FINE GOOD FRIDAY BUT NOW AWAITING STORM KATIE AS A CHANGE IN THE POSITION OF THE JET STREAM BRINGS THE THREAT OF FRESH STORMS ...
OVERNIGHT WAS THE 149TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE TRAGIC LOSS OF THE "JONKHEER MEESTER VAN DE WALL VAN PUTTERSCHOEK" AT POLDHU COVE WHEN THE BARQUE RAN AGROUND AND BROKE UP BETWEEN MERES LEDGES AND  THE MEN Y GRIB IN MARCH 1867.

   
MARCH STORMS THE UNNAMED STORM (ABOVE AND BELOW)
DAMAGE, INCLUDING DAMAGE TO RECENTLY REPAIRED WALLS AND FOOTWAY TO THE WEST PIER  HAS OCCURRED  AT MULLION HARBOUR. ADJACENT CLIFFS HAVE CONTINUED TO FALL AWAY AND HAVE COMPROMISED ACCESS AND AMENITY IN REGULARLY USED AREAS.
   

  

  

STORM IMOGEN 8.2.2016
With the storm systems moving south recently the change brought one of the largest and most destructive storms to the South West. On this occasion it was Storm Imogen. Again the storm coincided with the High Spring Tides. Wind speeds were recorded at 81 mph in the Scillies and 79 mph at Culdrose on the Lizard Peninsula. 
Coastguards were put on stormwatch and lives were unfortunately lost in Cornwall.
There was more damage caused to Mullion Harbour by the storm. The southern end of the wall of the west pier lost stone near to the small storage building. It is not known if there has been further damage to the base of the pier which was once reinforced by steel piles in the 1950s.
More strong winds and stormy conditions are forecast for the coming weekend. 12.2.2016

  

The saga of the pink plastic bottles- a lost container from a passing ship broke open and deposited thousands of pink plastic bottles of what is believed to be a cleaning fluid on beaches of the west coast of the Lizard Peninsula and Mounts Bay. A clean up operation by the National Trust was begun and people were warned not to take the bottles home unless they filled in the appropriate forms.
Many of the lids, made of a different plastic broke up on the way to shore and left sharp plastic pieces which mingled with the other plastic driven onto beaches this winter.
  

Stronger winds and bigger waves along the west coast of the Lizard Peninsula yesterday as heavy showers move across from the west. Pics Poldhu, Gunwalloe Church Cove, and Mullion Harbour. 9.12.15

  
  
The storms continue to hit in the north of England and Scotland. The latest storm, named Desmond had an impact in the SW and Mullion Cove had bigger waves than previously this autumn/winter.5.12.15
    
Storm "Barney", The second storm of the week was far enough south to create some big waves off he coast of the West Country.For Mullion, high tide was about 8pm, too dark to photograph, so those below were taken with the sun behind Mullion Island between 3pm and 4pm on 18th November.Helicoptors from Culdrose still patrolling...  16.11.15
    
15.11.1015 With a new "Storm Season" approaching and with gales and heavy rain and flooding predicted to hit the Coastline do not forget the storms which hit Mullion Cove only 2 years ago.
        
... and the work which had to be done to repair it.
   
  Below; Recent photographs of Mullion Cove and Harbour taken on 26th October 2015 at a late afternoon high "Spring Tide"