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In progress

Childhood Environmental Harshness Predicts Health and Reproductive Strategies: A Cross-sectional Study Of A Nationally Representative (France) Sample, with Mell, H.,  Safra, L., Algan, Y. and Baumard, N. (People engage in numerous behaviours that bear a high cost to the individual and to society: smoking, poor engagement in health-promoting behaviours, overconsumption of high calory foods, teen-pregnancy, etc. We argue that behavioral diversity for health and reproductive decisions should not come as a surprise and should be construed as the predictable outcome of humans’ evolutionary make-up. We used structural equation modelling (SEM) on cross-sectional data obtained from a survey conducted on a representative sample of the French population (n=1509, age: 19-87 years old, both genders) and showed that (i) the amount of inter-individual variation in somatic (e.g. effort in looking after health) and reproductive (e.g. age at first birth) investments can be captured by a latent slow-fast continuum, and (ii) the amount of variation along this latent variable is partly explained by the level of environmental harshness experienced during childhood.) 

The Impact of a Large-Scale Mindset Intervention on School Outcomes and Dropouts: Experimental Evidence from France, with Huillery, E., Algan, Y. and Bouguen, A. (This randomized experiment tests the impact of motivation in school behaviour, outcomes and dropouts, using student level data from 97 middle schools in France. The intervention involves 12 treatments sessions aiming to develop pupils' "grit" (3 sessions per year, from grade 6 to grade 9). In total, around 25,000 students will take part in the study, half in the treatment group and half in the control group. Results expected in 2018.)


Safra, L., Algan, Y., Grèzes, J., Tecu, T., Baumard, N. & Chevallier, C., (2016). Childhood harshness induces long-lasting preference for authoritarian leaders psyRchiv, https://osf.io/yut9p/

* signals equal contribution

In press
Ioannou, C., El Zein, M., Wyart, V., Amsellem, F., Delorme, R., Chevallier, C.*, Grèzes, J.* Shared mechanism for emotion processing in adolescents with and without autism, Scientific Reports.


Chevallier, C., Tonge, N., Safra, L., Kahn, D., Kohls, G., Miller, J., et al. (2016) Measuring Social Motivation Using Signal Detection and Reward Responsiveness. PLoS ONE 11(12): e0167024. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0167024

Safra, L., Tecu, T., Lambert, S., Sheskin, M., Baumard, N., Chevallier, C. (2016). Neighborhood Deprivation Negatively Impacts Children’s Pr
osocial Behavior. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 1760, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01760

Jacquet, P. O., Baumard, N., & Chevallier, C. (2016). Does culture get embrained? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113(21), E2873. pdf

Chevallier, C., Tonge, N., Safra, L., Kohls, G., Miller, J., Schultz, R.T. (2016). Measuring Social Motivation using Signal Detection and Reward Responsiveness, PLoS ONE.

Chanel, G., Pichon, S., Conty, L., Berthoz, S., Chevallier, C.*, & Grèzes, J.* (2016). Classification of autistic individuals and controls using cross-task characterization of fMRI activity. NeuroImage: Clinical, 10, 78-88. pdf


Baumard, N. & Chevallier
, C., (2015). 
The nature and dynamics of world religions: A life history approach. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 282(1818). pdf

Chevallier, C., Parish‐Morris, J., McVey, A., Rump, K. M., Sasson, N. J., Herrington, J. D., & Schultz, R. T. (2015). Measuring social attention and motivation in autism spectrum disorder using eye‐tracking: Stimulus type matters. Autism Research, 8(5), 620-628. doi: 10.1002/aur.1479 pdf  rawdata

Carré, A., Chevallier, C., Robel, L., Barry, C., Maria, A. S., Pouga, L., ... & Berthoz, S. (2015). Tracking Social Motivation Systems Deficits: The Affective Neuroscience View of Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45(10), 3351-3363. doi: 10.1007/s10803-015-2498-2 pdf

Molesworth, C., Chevallier, C., Happé, F., & Hampton, J. A. (2015). Children with autism do not show sequence effects with auditory stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144(1), 48. pdf

Chevallier, C., Xu, J., Adachi, K., van der Henst, J. B., & Baumard, N. (2015). Preschoolers’ Understanding of Merit in Two Asian Societies. PloS one, 10(5). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0114717 pdf rawdata


Sheskin, M., Chevallier, C., Lambert, S., & Baumard N. (2014). Life-history theory explains childhood moral development.Trends in Cognitive Sciences. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2014.08.004 pdf

Grèzes, J., Valabrègue, R., Gholipour, B., & Chevallier, C. (2014). A direct amygdala‐motor pathway for emotional displays to influence action: A diffusion tensor imaging study. Human brain mapping, 35(12), 5974-5983. pdf

Chevallier, C., Parish-Morris, J., Tonge, N., Le, L., Miller, J. & Schultz R.T. (2014) Susceptibility to the audience effect explains performance gap between children with and without autism in a Theory of Mind task. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.143(3):972-9. doi: 10.1037/a0035483 pdf

Chevallier, C., Huguet, P., Happé, F., George, N., & Conty, L. (2013) Salient social cues are prioritized in Autism Spectrum Disorders despite overall decrease in social attention. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 43, 1642–1651. pdf

Parish-Morris, J.*, Chevallier, C.*, Tonge, N., Letzen, J., Pandey, J. & Schultz, R.T. (2013). Visual attention to dynamic faces and objects is linked to face processing skills: A combined study of children with autism and controls. Frontiers in Developmental Psychology. 4(185), doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00185. pdf

Chevallier, C. (2013) 'Theory of mind' In F. Volkmar, R. Paul and K. Pelphrey (Eds.), Encyclopaedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders. pdf
Courty, A., Maria, A-S., Lalanne, C., Ringuenet, D., Vindreau, C., Chevallier, C., Pouga, L., Pinabel, F., Philippe, A., Adrien, J-L., Barry, C., Berthoz, S. (2013). Levels of autistic traits in Anorexia Nervosa: a comparative psychometric study. BMC Psychiatry, 13:222. pdf.



Chevallier, C., Kohls, G., Troiani, V., Brodkin, E.S., Schultz, R.T. (2012). The Social Motivation Theory of Autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 16(4) 231-239. pdf

Kohls, G., Chevallier, C., Troiani, V., & Schultz, R.T. (2012) Social ‘wanting’ dysfunction in autism: neurobiological underpinnings and treatment implications. Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (4)10, doi:10.1186/1866-1955-4-10 pdf

Liénard, P., Chevallier, C., Mascaro, O., Kiura, P. & Baumard, N. Early Understanding of Merit in Turkana Children. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 13(1-2), 57 –66.
Chevallier, C., Molesworth, C. & Happé, F. (2012). Diminished Social Motivation Negatively Impacts Reputation Management: Autism Spectrum Disorders as a Case in Point. PLoS ONE 7(1): e31107. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0031107 pdf

Chevallier, C., Grèzes, J., Molesworth, C., Berthoz, S. & Happé, F. (2012) Selective social anhedonia in high functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 42(7),1504-9. pdf

Baumard, N., Mascaro, O., & Chevallier, C. (2012). Preschoolers are able to take merit into account when distributing goods. Developmental Psychology, 48(2) 492-498. pdf

Baumard, N. & Chevallier, C. (2012) What goes around comes around: The evolutionary roots of the belief in immanent justice. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 12 67-80. pdf

Chevallier, C. (2012) Theory of mind and autism: Revisiting Baron-Cohen et al.’s Sally-Anne study. In A. Slater and P. Quinn (Eds.), Developmental Psychology: Revisiting the Classic Studies, Sage, 148-163. pdf


Chevallier, C., Noveck, I., Happé, F., & Wilson, D. (2011) What's in a voice? Prosody as a test case for the Theory of Mind account of autism. Neuropsychologia, 49(3) 507-517. pdf 

Sonié, S., Behrouz, K, Pirat, E., Masson, S.,  Bain, P., Robinson, J., Reboul, A. Wicker, B., Chevallier, C., Beaude-Chervet, V., Deleage, MH, Charvet, D., Barthélémy, C., Rochet, T., Tatou, M., Arnaud, V., & Manificat, S. (2011). French version of Autism Spectrum Quotient, Empathy Quotient and Systemizing Quotient [in French]. La Presse Médicale,40(4),180-188. pdf


Southgate, V.*, Chevallier, C.*, & Csibra, G. (2010) 17-month-olds appeal to false beliefs to interpret others’ communication. Developmental Science, 13(6), 907–912. pdf

Chevallier, C., Wilson, D., Happé, F. & Noveck, I. (2010) Scalar inferences in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40(9), 1104-1117. pdf

Chevallier, C., Bonnefond, M., Van der Henst, J-B., & Noveck, I. (2010) Using ERPs to capture prosodic stress and inference making. Italian Journal of Linguistics, 22(1),125-152. pdf


Southgate, V., Chevallier, C., & Csibra, G. (2009). Sensitivity to Communicative Relevance Tells Young Children What to Imitate. Developmental Science, 12(6),1013-9.  pdf

Chevallier, C., Noveck, I., Happé, F., & Wilson, D. (2009) From acoustics to grammar: Perceiving linguistic prosody in adolescents with Asperger Syndrome. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 3, 502-516. pdf

Noveck, I., Chevallier, C., Chevaux, F., Musolino, J. & Bott, L. (2009). Children’s enrichments of conjunctive sentences in context. In P. De Brabanter & M. Khissine (eds.) Utterance Interpretation and Cognitive Models. Current Research in the Semantics/pragmatics Interface, (20), 211-234 pdf

Chevallier, C., Noveck, I., Bott, L., Lanza, V., Nazir, T., Sperber, D.  (2008).  Making disjunctions exclusive. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61(11), 1741-1760.  pdf

Van Der Henst, J-B., Chevallier, C., Schaeken, W., Mercier, H., & Noveck, I. (2008). Dealing with indeterminacy in spatial descriptions. Psychological Research, 72 (5), 553-556.  pdf 

Claidière, N., Jraissati, Y., & Chevallier, C. (2008). A colour sorting task reveals that adult colour categories are ‘truly’ perceptual and culture specific. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 8(3-4), 211-233.

General audience

Schultz, R.T., Kohls, G., Chevallier, C. (2012). Social motivation, reward and the roots of autism. Viewpoint on SFARI 

Blanc, R., Bruneau, N., Chevallier, C., Clery, H., Gomot, M., Leroy, C., Martineau, J., Meaux, E. (2011) "Le futur de l'autisme... Compte rendu du IXe Congrès international Autisme-Europe 2010", Bulletin de l'ARAPI. pdf

Baumard, N. & Chevallier, C. (2010) L'empathie : base de la vie en société ? Réponse à Franz de Waal, Sciences Humaines, Octobre 2010.

Chevallier, C., Baumard, N., Grèzes, J. & Pouga L. (2010) Comprendre les actions, émotions et états mentaux d’autrui : psychologie et neurosciences. In A. Berthoz, C. Ossola and B. Stock (Eds.), La pluralite et les fondements cognitifs de la notion de points de vue , Paris: Conférences du Collège de France. pdf

Some Scales we have translated in French:

Grit Scale:
Chevallier, C., Chambon, V., Chadwick, M., & Reeve, P. French version of the Grit scale. [validation en cours...] pdf
(Original tool: Duckworth, A. L., Peterson, C., Matthews, M. D., & Kelly, D. R. (2007). Grit: Perseverance and passion for long-term goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(6), 1087-1101.)

Broad Autism Phenotype Questionnaire:
Chevallier, C., Peylet, B., & Reeve, P. French version of the broad autism phenotype questionnaire. [validation en cours...] pdf
(Original tool: Hurley, Robert SE, et al. "The broad autism phenotype questionnaire." Journal of autism and developmental disorders 37.9 (2007): 1679-1690)

Autism Quotient:
Sonié, S., Behrouz, K, Pirat, E., Masson, S.,  Bain, P., Robinson, J., Reboul, A. Wicker, B., Chevallier, C., Beaude-Chervet, V., Deleage, MH, Charvet, D., Barthélémy, C., Rochet, T., Tatou, M., Arnaud, V., & Manificat, S. (2011).
French version of Autism Spectrum Quotient, Empathy Quotient and Systemizing Quotient [in French]. La Presse Médicale,40(4),180-188. pdf