In progress

The Impact of a Large-Scale Mindset Intervention on School Outcomes and Dropouts: Experimental Evidence from France, with Huillery, E., Algan, Y. and Bouguen, A. This randomized experiment tests the impact of motivation in school behaviour, outcomes and dropouts, using student level data from 97 middle schools in France. The intervention involves 12 treatments sessions aiming to develop pupils' "grit" (3 sessions per year, from grade 6 to grade 9). In total, around 25,000 students will take part in the study, half in the treatment group and half in the control group. Results expected in 2018. website of the project; preliminary report.

Groupements de créateurs : Mindset Change and Employment: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment with Young Disadvantaged People. with Huillery, E. & Algan, Y. This randomized experiment tests the impact of a national program in which youths reflect on their goals and motivations to increase autonomy and critical thinking. The results suggest that mindset approaches may indeed be a promising lever to support labor market integration.

* signals equal contribution


Archives and prepublications

Safra, L., Wyart, V., Baumard, N., & Chevallier, C. (2018). Motivation for social bonding promotes high-stakes cooperative strategies. PsyArXiv

Safra, L., Chevallier, C., & Palminteri, S. (2018). Social information impairs reward learning in depressive subjects: behavioral and computational characterization. bioRxiv, 378281.

Jones, B. C., DeBruine, L., Flake, J. K., Aczel, B., Adamkovic, M., Alaei, R., ... & Babinčák, P. (2018). Social perception of faces around the world: How well does the valence-dominance model generalize across world regions? (Registered Report Stage 1). (accepted as RR Nature Human Behaviour available on PsyArXiv)

Safra, L., Baumard, N., & Chevallier, C. Why would anyone elect a narcissistic untrustworthy leader? A behavioural ecology approach. PsyArXiv


Jacquet, P.O., Safra, L., Wyart, V., Baumard, N. & Chevallier, C. (in press) The ecological roots of human susceptibility to social influence: a pre-registered study investigating the impact of early life adversity. Registered Report Royal Society Open Science.

Palminteri, S., & Chevallier, C. (2018). Can we infer inter-individual differences in risk-taking from behavioural tasks? Frontiers in Psychology

Mell, H., Safra, L., Algan, Y., Baumard, N., & Chevallier, C. (2018). Childhood environmental harshness predicts coordinated health and reproductive strategies: A cross-sectional study of a nationally representative sample from France. Evolution and Human Behavior, 39(1), 1-8. pdf

Safra, L., Baumard, N., & Chevallier, C. (2018). No strong evidence that authoritarian attitudes are driven by a lack of control. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(6), E1076-E1077. (comment letter on Kakkar, H. & Sivanathan, N.)

Baumard, N., Chevallier, C., & André, J. B. (2018). Fairness, more than any other cognitive mechanism, is what explains the content of folk-economic beliefs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 41. (comment on Boyer, P. & Bang Petersen, M.)

Safra, L., Ioannou, C., Amsellem, F., Delorme, R., & Chevallier, C. (2018). Distinct effects of social motivation on face evaluations in adolescents with and without autism. Scientific reports, 8(1), 10648

Sheskin, M., Chevallier, C., Adachi, K., Berniūnas, R., Castelain, T., Hulín, M., ... & Baumard, N. (2018). The Needs of the Many Do Not Outweigh the Needs of the Few: The Limits of Individual Sacrifice across Diverse Cultures. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 18(1-2), 205-223. pdf


Safra, L., Algan, Y., Tecu, T., Grèzes, J., Baumard, N., & Chevallier, C. (2017). Childhood harshness predicts long-lasting leader preferences. Evolution and Human Behavior, 38(5), 645-651. uncorrected proofs here

Chevallier, C. (2017). Evolutionary approaches to deprivation transform the ethics of policy making. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 40. (comment on target article by Pepper, G. & Nettle, D.). pdf

Ioannou, C., El Zein, M., Wyart, V., Scheid, I., Amsellem, F., Delorme, R., Chevallier, C. & Grèzes, J. (2017). Shared mechanism for emotion processing in adolescents with and without autism. Scientific reports, 7, 42696. pdf


Chevallier, C., Tonge, N., Safra, L., Kahn, D., Kohls, G., Miller, J., et Schultz, R.T. (2016) Measuring Social Motivation Using Signal Detection and Reward Responsiveness. PLoS ONE 11(12): e0167024.

Safra, L., Tecu, T., Lambert, S., Sheskin, M., Baumard, N., Chevallier, C. (2016). Neighborhood Deprivation Negatively Impacts Children’s Prosocial Behavior. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 1760 pdf

Jacquet, P. O., Baumard, N., & Chevallier, C. (2016). Does culture get embrained? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113(21), E2873. pdf

Chanel, G., Pichon, S., Conty, L., Berthoz, S., Chevallier, C.*, & Grèzes, J.* (2016). Classification of autistic individuals and controls using cross-task characterization of fMRI activity. NeuroImage: Clinical, 10, 78-88. pdf


Baumard, N. & Chevallier, C., (2015). The nature and dynamics of world religions: A life history approach. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 282(1818). pdf

Chevallier, C., Parish‐Morris, J., McVey, A., Rump, K. M., Sasson, N. J., Herrington, J. D., & Schultz, R. T. (2015). Measuring social attention and motivation in autism spectrum disorder using eye‐tracking: Stimulus type matters. Autism Research, 8(5), 620-628. pdf rawdata

Carré, A., Chevallier, C., Robel, L., Barry, C., Maria, A. S., Pouga, L., ... & Berthoz, S. (2015). Tracking Social Motivation Systems Deficits: The Affective Neuroscience View of Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45(10), 3351-3363. pdf

Molesworth, C., Chevallier, C., Happé, F., & Hampton, J. A. (2015). Children with autism do not show sequence effects with auditory stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144(1), 48. pdf

Chevallier, C., Xu, J., Adachi, K., van der Henst, J. B., & Baumard, N. (2015). Preschoolers’ Understanding of Merit in Two Asian Societies. PloS one, 10(5). pdf rawdata


Sheskin, M., Chevallier, C., Lambert, S., & Baumard, N. (2014). Life-history theory explains childhood moral development. Trends in cognitive sciences, 18(12), 613-615. pdf

Grèzes, J., Valabrègue, R., Gholipour, B., & Chevallier, C. (2014). A direct amygdala‐motor pathway for emotional displays to influence action: A diffusion tensor imaging study. Human brain mapping, 35(12), 5974-5983. pdf

Chevallier, C., Parish-Morris, J., Tonge, N., Le, L., Miller, J. & Schultz R.T. (2014) Susceptibility to the audience effect explains performance gap between children with and without autism in a Theory of Mind task. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.143(3):972-9. doi: 10.1037/a0035483 pdf


Chevallier, C., Huguet, P., Happé, F., George, N., & Conty, L. (2013) Salient social cues are prioritized in Autism Spectrum Disorders despite overall decrease in social attention. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 43, 1642–1651. pdf

Parish-Morris, J.*, Chevallier, C.*, Tonge, N., Letzen, J., Pandey, J. & Schultz, R.T. (2013). Visual attention to dynamic faces and objects is linked to face processing skills: A combined study of children with autism and controls. Frontiers in Developmental Psychology. 4(185). pdf

Chevallier, C. (2013) 'Theory of mind' In F. Volkmar, R. Paul and K. Pelphrey (Eds.), Encyclopaedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders. pdf

Courty, A., Maria, A-S., Lalanne, C., Ringuenet, D., Vindreau, C., Chevallier, C., Pouga, L., Pinabel, F., Philippe, A., Adrien, J-L., Barry, C., Berthoz, S. (2013). Levels of autistic traits in Anorexia Nervosa: a comparative psychometric study. BMC Psychiatry, 13:222. pdf.


Chevallier, C., Kohls, G., Troiani, V., Brodkin, E.S., Schultz, R.T. (2012). The Social Motivation Theory of Autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 16(4) 231-239. pdf

Kohls, G., Chevallier, C., Troiani, V., & Schultz, R.T. (2012) Social ‘wanting’ dysfunction in autism: neurobiological underpinnings and treatment implications. Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (4)10, doi:10.1186/1866-1955-4-10 pdf

Liénard, P., Chevallier, C., Mascaro, O., Kiura, P. & Baumard, N. Early Understanding of Merit in Turkana Children. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 13(1-2), 57 –66.

Chevallier, C., Molesworth, C. & Happé, F. (2012). Diminished Social Motivation Negatively Impacts Reputation Management: Autism Spectrum Disorders as a Case in Point. PLoS ONE 7(1): e31107. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0031107 pdf raw data

Chevallier, C., Grèzes, J., Molesworth, C., Berthoz, S. & Happé, F. (2012) Selective social anhedonia in high functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 42(7),1504-9. pdf

Baumard, N., Mascaro, O., & Chevallier, C. (2012). Preschoolers are able to take merit into account when distributing goods. Developmental Psychology, 48(2) 492-498. pdf

Baumard, N. & Chevallier, C. (2012) What goes around comes around: The evolutionary roots of the belief in immanent justice. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 12 67-80. pdf

Chevallier, C. (2012) Theory of mind and autism: Revisiting Baron-Cohen et al.’s Sally-Anne study. In A. Slater and P. Quinn (Eds.),Developmental Psychology: Revisiting the Classic Studies, Sage, 148-163. pdf


Chevallier, C., Noveck, I., Happé, F., & Wilson, D. (2011) What's in a voice? Prosody as a test case for the Theory of Mind account of autism. Neuropsychologia, 49(3) 507-517. pdf

Sonié, S., Behrouz, K, Pirat, E., Masson, S., Bain, P., Robinson, J., Reboul, A. Wicker, B., Chevallier, C., Beaude-Chervet, V., Deleage, MH, Charvet, D., Barthélémy, C., Rochet, T., Tatou, M., Arnaud, V., & Manificat, S. (2011). French version of Autism Spectrum Quotient, Empathy Quotient and Systemizing Quotient [in French]. La Presse Médicale,40(4),180-188. pdf


Southgate, V.*, Chevallier, C.*, & Csibra, G. (2010) 17-month-olds appeal to false beliefs to interpret others’ communication. Developmental Science, 13(6), 907–912. pdf

Chevallier, C., Wilson, D., Happé, F. & Noveck, I. (2010) Scalar inferences in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40(9), 1104-1117. pdf

Chevallier, C., Bonnefond, M., Van der Henst, J-B., & Noveck, I. (2010) Using ERPs to capture prosodic stress and inference making. Italian Journal of Linguistics, 22(1),125-152. pdf


Southgate, V., Chevallier, C., & Csibra, G. (2009). Sensitivity to Communicative Relevance Tells Young Children What to Imitate. Developmental Science, 12(6),1013-9. pdf

Chevallier, C., Noveck, I., Happé, F., & Wilson, D. (2009) From acoustics to grammar: Perceiving linguistic prosody in adolescents with Asperger Syndrome. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 3, 502-516. pdf

Noveck, I., Chevallier, C., Chevaux, F., Musolino, J. & Bott, L. (2009). Children’s enrichments of conjunctive sentences in context. In P. De Brabanter & M. Khissine (eds.) Utterance Interpretation and Cognitive Models. Current Research in the Semantics/pragmatics Interface, (20), 211-234. pdf


Chevallier, C., Noveck, I., Bott, L., Lanza, V., Nazir, T., Sperber, D. (2008). Making disjunctions exclusive. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61(11), 1741-1760. pdf

Van Der Henst, J-B., Chevallier, C., Schaeken, W., Mercier, H., & Noveck, I. (2008). Dealing with indeterminacy in spatial descriptions. Psychological Research, 72 (5), 553-556. pdf

Claidière, N., Jraissati, Y., & Chevallier, C. (2008). A colour sorting task reveals that adult colour categories are ‘truly’ perceptual and culture specific. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 8(3-4), 211-233.

General audience

Monthly column for Cerveau et Psycho.

Schultz, R.T., Kohls, G., Chevallier, C. (2012). Social motivation, reward and the roots of autism. Viewpoint on SFARI

Blanc, R., Bruneau, N., Chevallier, C., Clery, H., Gomot, M., Leroy, C., Martineau, J., Meaux, E. (2011) "Le futur de l'autisme... Compte rendu du IXe Congrès international Autisme-Europe 2010", Bulletin de l'ARAPI. pdf

Baumard, N. & Chevallier, C. (2010) L'empathie : base de la vie en société ? Réponse à Franz de Waal, Sciences Humaines, Octobre 2010.

Chevallier, C., Baumard, N., Grèzes, J. & Pouga L. (2010) Comprendre les actions, émotions et états mentaux d’autrui : psychologie et neurosciences. In A. Berthoz, C. Ossola and B. Stock (Eds.), La pluralité et les fondements cognitifs de la notion de points de vue , Paris: Conférences du Collège de France. pdf

Some Scales we have translated in French:

Grit Scale:

Chevallier, C., Chambon, V., Chadwick, M., & Reeve, P. French version of the Grit scale. [validation en cours...] pdf

(Original tool: Duckworth, A. L., Peterson, C., Matthews, M. D., & Kelly, D. R. (2007). Grit: Perseverance and passion for long-term goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(6), 1087-1101.)

Broad Autism Phenotype Questionnaire:

Chevallier, C., Peylet, B., & Reeve, P. French version of the broad autism phenotype questionnaire. [validation en cours...] pdf

(Original tool: Hurley, Robert SE, et al. "The broad autism phenotype questionnaire." Journal of autism and developmental disorders 37.9 (2007): 1679-1690)

Autism Quotient:

Sonié, S., Behrouz, K, Pirat, E., Masson, S., Bain, P., Robinson, J., Reboul, A. Wicker, B., Chevallier, C., Beaude-Chervet, V., Deleage, MH, Charvet, D., Barthélémy, C., Rochet, T., Tatou, M., Arnaud, V., & Manificat, S. (2011). French version of Autism Spectrum Quotient, Empathy Quotient and Systemizing Quotient [in French]. La Presse Médicale,40(4),180-188. pdf