UNICEF was established on 11 December 1946 by the United Nations to meet the emergency needs of children in post-war Europe and China. Its full name was the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund. In 1950, its mandate was broadened to address the long-term needs of children and women in developing countries everywhere. UNICEF became a permanent part of the United Nations system in 1953, when its name was shortened to the United Nations Children's Fund. However, UNICEF retained its original acronym. UNICEF's work is carried out in 191 countries through country programmes and National Committees. Some 88 per cent of the organization's approximately 7,200 posts are located in the field. There are eight regional offices and 126 country offices worldwide, as well as a research centre in Florence, a supply operation in Copenhagen and offices in Tokyo and Brussels. UNICEF headquarters are in New York (see: http://www.unicef.org/about/who/index_faq.html ).
UNICEF on under-5 year old infant deaths in US Alliance-occupied Occupied Afghanistan (2010): “Total population (thousands), 2007 - 27145
Annual no. of under-5 deaths (thousands), 2007 – 338 … GNI per capita (US$), 2007 – 250 … Life expectancy at birth (years), 2007 – 44. .
.UNICEF: Afghanistan statistics (2010): http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/afghanistan_statistics.html .