The AAVSO SPP program includes a number of RR Lyrae stars and a few delta Scutid stars with large amplitudes, although data on any short period pulsating star can be submitted to the AAVSO International Database. These stars typically have a small range, often less than one magnitude, so CCD observations are preferred over visual ones. CCD observations should be through a standard filter to allow data sets to be merged together, and to minimize the effects due to the color changes these stars undergo during the pulsation cycle. Many Cepheid stars are quite bright and photometry with a digital SLR or even a webcam is practical. Refer to the information on DSLR photometry on the Citizen Sky site for more information.
RR Lyrae Ephemeris
Each year the AAVSO SPP Section issues a month-by-month prediction of times of maximum (ToMx) for selected RR Lyrae and large-amplitude delta Scuti stars. This document lists times when each star will be at its maximum brightness. (Hint: to save these to your local system right-click and choose "Save link as")
RR Lyrae Ephemeris 2014
RR Lyrae Ephemeris 2013
RR Lyrae Ephemeris 2012
RR Lyrae Ephemeris 2011
RR Lyrae Ephemeris 2010
RR Lyrae Ephemeris 2009
RR Lyrae Ephemeris Generator
In addition to the PDF ephemeris above, an online ephemeris generator for RR Lyrae and delta Scuti stars is available. This site allows the user to input their location and select a magnitude range, and generates a nightly list of stars that can be observed at the selected site.
The Table 1 lists some RR Lyrae stars that exhibit the Blahzko effect as well as some large-amplitude delta Scuti stars that have multiple periods. These stars should be observed several times every few seasons, at all phases (not just during maximum) to look for changes in the primary and Blazhko periods. The light curves for the multi-periodic delta Scuti stars are complex and vary markedly from cycle to cycle. The RR Lyrae and delta Scuti stars in Table 2 appear to have single, stable periods without any Blazhko effect. These need "time of maximum" (ToMx) measurements every few years to check for any changes in period that may occur. Table 3 shows interesting Cepheid stars that have been observed by SPP section members. Like the stars in Table 2, measuring the time of maximum should be done every few years for these stars.
Table 1 - RR Lyrae stars showing Blazhko effect, and multi-periodic delta Scuti stars
Table 2 - Non-Blazhko RR Lyrae stars and large-amplitude delta Scuti stars
Table 3 - Target Cepheids