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CV Evolution Paper- from arXiv

The formation of Cataclysmic Variables: the influence of nova eruptions

G. Nelemans, L. Siess, S. Repetto, S. Toonen, E.S. Phinney

The theoretical and observed populations of pre-cataclysmic variables (pre-CVs) are dominated by systems with low-mass white dwarfs (WDs), while the WD masses in CVs are typically high. In addition, the space density of CVs is found to be significantly lower than theoretical models. We investigate the influence of nova outbursts on the formation and (initial) evolution of CVs. In particular, we calculate the stability of the mass transfer in case all the material accreted on the WD is lost in classical novae, and part of the energy to eject the material comes from a common-envelope like interaction with the companion. In addition, we study the effect of an asymmetry in the mass ejection, that may lead to small eccentricities in the orbit. We find that a common-envelope like ejection significantly decreases the stability of the mass transfer, in particular for low-mass WD. Similarly, the influence of asymmetric mass loss can be important for short-period systems and even more so for low-mass WD, but likely disappears long before the next nova outburst due to orbital circularization. In both cases the mass-transfer rates increase, which may lead to observable (and perhaps already observed) consequences for systems that do survive to become CVs. However, a more detailed investigation of the interaction between nova ejecta and the companion and the evolution of slightly eccentric CVs is needed before definite conclusions can be drawn.

It’s all about the  standstills, those episodes where the star gets stuck at a mid-point between maximum and minimum. If it doesn’t exhibit standstills it isn’t a Z Cam star.

AM Her stars in need of further investigation

Data from Catalina Real Time Survey 
Drake et al. 2009, ApJ, 696, 87

Northern CVs brighter than 17th magnitude here.

Southern CV's brighter than 17th magnitude here.


New outbursts and unusual activity reported in the last 72 hours

Last updated 14:35 UT November 27, 2015


AY Lyr

# indicates a noteworthy or unusual outburst
'Activity At A Glance' is gleaned from observations reported to AAVSO MyNewsFlash, BAAVSS-Alert, CVnet-Outburst, VSObs-share and VSNET-outburst. We sincerely thank all the observers who contribute timely observations and reports of activity to these email lists.


For new papers on CV's see astro-ph

The formation of Cataclysmic Variables: the influence of nova eruptions

Authors: G. Nelemans, L. Siess, S. Repetto, S. Toonen, E.S. Phinney

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