The New York Declaration on Animal Consciousness

April 19, 2024 | New York University

The New York Declaration on Animal Consciousness

Which animals have the capacity for conscious experience? While much uncertainty remains, some points of wide agreement have emerged.

First, there is strong scientific support for attributions of conscious experience to other mammals and to birds.

Second, the empirical evidence indicates at least a realistic possibility of conscious experience in all vertebrates (including reptiles, amphibians, and fishes) and many invertebrates (including, at minimum, cephalopod mollusks, decapod crustaceans, and insects).

Third, when there is a realistic possibility of conscious experience in an animal, it is irresponsible to ignore that possibility in decisions affecting that animal. We should consider welfare risks and use the evidence to inform our responses to these risks.

The individual authors and signatories of this declaration are signing in their personal capacity and not on behalf of any institution or organization.


Kristin Andrews

Professor of Philosophy, York Research Chair in Animal Minds

York University


Jonathan Birch

Professor of Philosophy

London School of Economics and Political Science


Jeff Sebo

Associate Professor of Environmental Studies; Director of the Mind, Ethics, and Policy Program

New York University


Colin Allen
Distinguished Professor of Philosophy
University of California, Santa Barbara

Konstantin Anokhin

Professor, Institute for Advanced Brain Studies

Lomonosov Moscow State University


Andrew Barron

Professor, School of Natural Sciences; Director, the Macquarie Minds and Intelligences Initiative

Macquarie University

Culum Brown 

Professor, School of Natural Sciences

Macquarie University


Gordon M. Burghardt

Alumni Distinguished Service Professor of Psychology and Ecology & Evolutionary Biology

University of Tennessee, Knoxville


David Chalmers

University Professor of Philosophy and Neural Science

New York University


Lars Chittka

Professor of Sensory and Behavioural Ecology

Queen Mary University of London


Nicola S. Clayton FRS

Professor of Comparative Cognition

University of Cambridge


Robyn Crook

Associate Professor of Biology

San Francisco State University


David B. Edelman

Visiting Scholar, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College

Senior Research Scientist, Association for Cephalopod Research (CephRes), Naples IT


Robert Elwood

Emeritus Professor of Animal Behaviour

Queen's University Belfast


Becca Franks

Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies

New York University


Matilda Gibbons

Postdoctoral Researcher, Perelman School of Medicine

University of Pennsylvania


Martin Giurfa

Exceptional-Class Professor of Neurosciences

Sorbonne University


Peter Godfrey-Smith

Professor, School of History and Philosophy of Science

University of Sydney


Simona Ginsburg

Associate Professor of Neurobiology (Retired)

Open University of Israel


Stevan Harnad

Professor, Université du Québec à Montréal
Editor in Chief, Animal Sentience


Eva Jablonka

Emeritus Professor, History and Philosophy of Science

Tel Aviv University


Christof Koch

President and Chief Scientist

Allen Institute for Brain Science


Jon Mallatt

Clinical Professor, WWAMI Medical Education Program

University of Washington at the University of Idaho


Jennifer Mather

Professor of Psychology

University of Lethbridge


Noam Miller

Associate Professor of Psychology and Biology

Wilfrid Laurier University


Liad Mudrik

Professor, School Of Psychological Sciences

Tel Aviv University


Lucia Melloni

Research Professor of Neurology

New York University School of Medicine


Irene M. Pepperberg

Research Professor, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences

Boston University


Diana Reiss

Professor of Psychology; Director of the Animal Behavior & Conservation MA Program

Hunter College


Alexandra Schnell

Research Fellow

University of Cambridge


Anil Seth

Professor of Cognitive and Computational Neuroscience

University of Sussex

Anindya "Rana" Sinha

Professor of Animal Behaviour and Cognition

National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS)


MV (Srini) Srinivasan FRS

Emeritus Professor, Queensland Brain Institute

The University of Queensland


Narayanan Srinivasan

Professor, Department of Cognitive Science

Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur


Kulbhushansingh Suryawanshi

Scientist

Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysuru


Bruno van Swinderen

Professor, Queensland Brain Institute

The University of Queensland


Naotsugu Tsuchiya

Professor, School of Psychological Sciences

Monash University


Cleo Verkuijl

Scientist

Stockholm Environment Institute


Anna Wilkinson

Professor of Animal Cognition, Department of Life Sciences

University of Lincoln


Katrina Wyman

Wilf Family Professor of Property Law; Director of the Environmental and Energy Law LLM Program

New York University School of Law


Yossi Yovel

Associate Professor, School of Zoology, Sagol School of Neuroscience

Tel Aviv University


Peter Singer

Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics, University Center for Human Values

Princeton University


Meghan Barrett

Assistant Professor of Biology

Indiana University Indianapolis


Ralph Acampora

Associate Professor of Philosophy

Hofstra University


Gregory Tague

Former Professor of Interdisciplinary Studies

St. Francis College


Emma Curran

Postdoctoral Associate

Rutgers University


Maria José Hötzel

Professor, Department of Animal Science and Rural Development

Federal University of Santa Catarina


Kathie Jenni

Professor of Philosophy; Founding Director of Human-Animal Studies

University of Redlands


Oscar Horta

Associate Professor of Philosophy

University of Santiago de Compostela


Leonard Katz

Associate of the Department of Philosophy

Harvard University


Faraz Harsini

Chief Executive Officer

Allied Scholars for Animal Protection


Julio Penagos-Corzo

Professor, Department of Psychology

Universidad de las Américas Puebla


Andrew Knight

Veterinary Professor of Animal Welfare

Griffith University


François-Xavier Dechaume-Moncharmont

Full Professor of Animal Behaviour

University Claude-Bernard Lyon 1


Manuel E. dos Santos

Associate Professor of Behavioral Biology

Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre-ISPA


Ana Cristina Ramírez Barreto

Professor, Philosophy of Culture

Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo


Christiane Bailey

Researcher, Philosophy and Animal Ethics

Concordia University


Stacy Lopresti-Goodman

Professor of Psychology

Marymount University


Michael Pardo

Postdoctoral Fellow, K. Lisa Yang Center for Conservation Bioacoustics

Cornell Lab of Ornithology


Lucia Regolin

Full Professor, Animal Psychology and Animal Cognition, School of Psychology

University of Padova


Maristela Martins de Camargo

Associate Professor of Immunology

University of São Paulo


Jonathan Balcombe

Ethologist and Author

Former Director of Animal Sentience, Humane Society Institute for Science and Policy


Cynthia Schuck-Paim

Scientific Director

Center for Welfare Metrics


Simon Brown

Research Officer in Animal Sentience

London School of Economics and Political Science


Robert Biegler

Professor, Department of Psychology

Norwegian University of Science and Technology


Ricardo Rozzi

Professor, Philosophy & Religion/Biological  Sciences

University of North Texas


Amrita Narlikar

Honorary Fellow, Darwin College

University of Cambridge


Siiri Tarrikas

Junior Researcher  in Semiotics and Culture Studies

University of Tartu


Irina Frasin

Senior Researcher in Anthrozoology

Gheorghe Zane Economic and Social Research Institute


Danielle Free

Animal Behaviourist

Marwell Wildlife


Gerard de Melo

Professor of Artificial Intelligence and Intelligent Systems

Hasso Plattner Institute / University of Potsdam


Juliana Dániel-Ferreira

Researcher, Ecology

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences


Elodie F. Briefer

Associate Professor, Ecology and Evolution

University of Copenhagen


Ulrich Pfeffer

Head of the Functional Genomics Lab

San Martino Hospital, National Institute for Cancer Research, Genoa


Maarten Reesink

Senior lecturer in Animal Studies

Universiteit van Amsterdam


Patrizia d'Ettorre

Exceptional-Class Professor in Ethology

University Sorbonne Paris Nord


Sarah Skeels-Jungius

Postdoctoral Research Assistant, School of Biological and Behavioural Sciences

Queen Mary University of London


Guiomar Rotllant

Senior Researcher, Physiology and Reproduction of Crustaceans

Institut de Ciències del Mar


Per Jensen

Professor of Ethology

Linköping University


G. William Farthing

Emeritus Professor of Psychology

University of Maine


Kendra Coulter

Professor of Management and Organizational Studies; Coordinator of Animal Ethics and Sustainability Leadership

Huron University College at Western University


Eva Bernet Kempers

Postdoctoral Researcher, Faculty of Law

University of Antwerp


Israel Gannot

Professor of Biomedical Engineering

Tel-Aviv University


Serrin Rutledge-Prior

Research Fellow, Crawford School of Public Policy

Australian National University


Paul J.E. Dekker

Universitair Docent, Department of Philosophy

University of Amsterdam


Guy Baldwin

Lecturer in Public Law and Human Rights

University of Manchester


Geraldine Werhahn

Research Associate, Wildlife Conservation Research Unit

University of Oxford


Eze Paez

Professor of Philosophy of Law

Pompeu Fabra University


Martijn Egas

Associate Professor Evolution and Behaviour, Groningen Institute for Evolutionary Life Sciences

University of Groningen


Simon Fitzpatrick

Associate Professor of Philosophy

John Carroll University


Wolfgang Slany

Professor of Computer Science

Graz University of Technology


Marie Genevieve Guiraud

Post-Doctoral Fellow in Neuro-Cognition

Macquarie University


Orlando Arguello-Miranda

Assistant Professor, Plant and Microbial Biology Department, Miranda Lab

North Carolina State University


Annabelle Dufourcq

Associate Professor of Metaphysics and Philosophical Anthropology

Radboud University


David J. Menor-Campos

Veterinary Behaviourist, Department of Animal Medicine and Surgery

University of Cordoba


Sacha Vignieri

Deputy Editor

Science


Michael Mendl

Professor of Animal Behaviour and Welfare; Senior Vice Lead of the BBSRC Animal Welfare Research Network

University of Bristol


Shereen Chang

Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Philosophy

York University


Matthew Liebman

Associate Professor and Chair of the Justice for Animals Program

University of San Francisco School of Law


Allan Leslie Combs

Professor Emeritus of Psychology

University of North Carolina- Asheville


Matthew W. Perry

Postdoctoral Research Fellow in Ethics and Social & Political Philosophy

University of British Columbia


Fay Clark

Lecturer in Psychological Science

University of Bristol


Geoffrey Barstow

Associate Professor

Oregon State University


Luís A. Nunes Amaral

Erastus Otis Haven Professor of Chemical and Biological Engineering

Northwestern University


Joshua Russell

Professor of Animal Behavior, Ecology, Conservation, & Anthrozoology

Canisius University


Inbal Ben-Ami Bartal

Assistant Professor of Psychobiology and Neuroscience

Tel-Aviv University


Charles Beasley

Postdoctoral Research Fellow

LUISS in Rome


Dorna Behdadi

Lecturer of Philosophy, Linguistics & Theory of Science

University of Gothenburg


Heather Browning

Lecturer in Philosophy

University of Southampton


Lucius Caviola

Senior Research Fellow

University of Oxford


Stephen R. L. Clark

Emeritus Professor of Philosophy

University of Liverpool


Andrew Crump

Lecturer in Animal Cognition & Welfare

Royal Veterinary College


Mike Dacey

Associate Professor and Chair of Philosophy

Bates College


Nicolas Delon

Assistant Professor of Philosophy

College of Charleston


Leonard Dung

Postdoctoral Researcher at the Centre for Philosophy and AI Research

University Erlangen-Nürnberg


Nathan Faivre

Research Director, National Centre for Scientific Research

Université Grenoble Alpes


Andrew Fenton

Associate Professor of Philosophy

Dalhousie University


Josh A. Firth

Associate Professor of Behavioural Ecology

University of Leeds, UK


Bob Fischer

Associate Professor of Philosophy

Texas State University


Brian Glenney

Associate Professor of Philosophy

Norwich University


Cleo Grieve

Postgraduate Researcher, Institute of Aquaculture

University of Stirling


Jes Lynning Harfeld

Associate Professor, Department of Culture and Learning, Centre for Applied Philosophy

Aalborg University


Avram Hiller

Associate Professor of Philosophy 

Portland State University


Kristina M. Horback

Associate Professor, Applied Ethology

University of California, Davis


Colin Jerolmack

Professor of Environmental Studies and Sociology

New York University


L. Syd M Johnson

Associate Professor, Center for Bioethics & Humanities

Upstate Medical University


Angelica Kaufmann

Post Doctoral Researcher, Department of Philosophy

University of Milan


Barbara J. King

Professor Emerita of Anthropology

William & Mary


Johannes Kleiner

Postdoctoral Researcher, Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich


Mirjam Knörnschild

Professor of Evolutionary Ethology

Humboldt University of Berlin


Michael J. Kuba

Assistant Professor of Zoology

Department of Biology

University of Naples Federico II


Lori Marino

Adjunct Professor, Animal Studies

New York University


Antonio J. Osuna Mascaró

Postdoctoral Biologist, Goffin Lab, Messerli Research Institute

University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna


Georgia Mason

Professor of Integrative Biology, Col. K. L. Campbell University Chair in Animal Welfare,

Director of the Campbell Centre for the Study of Animal Welfare

University of Guelph


Josh Milburn

Lecturer in Political Philosophy, Department of International Relations, Politics and History

Loughborough University


Albert Newen

Full professor of Philosophy

Institut für Philosophie II Ruhr-Universität Bochum


Leanne Proops

Associate Professor in Animal Behaviour and Welfare

University of Portsmouth


Michael J. Renner

Professor of Biology, Psychology, and Environmental Science

Drake University


Luke Roelofs

Assistant Professor of Philosophy

University of Texas, Arlington


Nissa Rudh

Fish Biologist, NOAA Fisheries

U.S. Department of Commerce


Carl Sachs

Associate Professor of Philosophy

Marymount University


Mark Sainsbury

Jesse H. Jones Professor in Liberal Arts

University of Texas at Austin


Murray Shanahan

Professor of Cognitive Robotics

Imperial College London


Henry Shevlin

Associate Director, Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence

University of Cambridge


Adam Shriver

The Harkin Institute for Public Policy and Citizen Engagement

Drake University


Toni Sims

Researcher in Mind, Ethics, and Policy 

New York University


Martyna Stachaczyk

Postdoctoral Researcher, Department of Philosophy Logic and Scientific Method

London School of Economics


Morten Tønnessen

Professor of Philosophy

University of Stavanger, Norway


Antonella Tramacere

Assistant Professor of Philosophy

RomaTre University


Cameron Rouse Turner

Postdoctoral Research Associate, Computational Cognitive Science Lab 

Princeton University


Walter Veit

Lecturer in Philosophy

University of Reading


Elly Vintiadis

Associate Lecturer, Philosophy

The American College of Greece


Paul A. Locke

Professor, Department of Environmental Health and Engineering

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health


João Luís Vargas de Almeida Saraiva

Researcher, Center of Marine Sciences

University of Algarve


Luc Delannoy

Director

Instituto de Neuroartes


Sérgio Henrique Faria

Ikerbasque Research Professor, Director of the IzotzaLab

Basque Centre for Climate Change


Amy Dickman

Director of the Wildlife Conservation Research Unit

University of Oxford


William Wood

Staff Scientist, Helen Wills Neuroscience Department

University of California, Berkeley


Wladimir J. Alonso

Executive Director and Researcher

Center for Welfare Metrics


John M. Jermier

Professor of Organizational Behavior, Muma College of Business

University of South Florida


Ali Boyle

Assistant Professor Department of Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method

The London School of Economics and Political Science


Rafael Ruiz de Lira

PhD Candidate, Department of Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method

The London School of Economics and Political Science


Daniel S. Mills

Professor of Veterinary Behavioural Medicine

University of Lincoln


David N. Fisher

Lecturer, The School of Biological Sciences

University of Aberdeen


Beth Ventura

Senior Lecturer, Department of Life Sciences

University of Lincoln


Brigitte Baptiste

President

Universidad EAN


Robin L. Zebrowski

Professor of Cognitive Science

Beloit College


Heide Island

Professor, Comparative Animal Behavior and Neuroscience

Pacific University


Robert Kentridge

Professor, Psychology Department

Durham University


Lindsey D. Goodman

Postdoctoral Associate, Duncan Neurological Research Institute

Baylor College of Medicine


Luigi Baciadonna

Research Fellow, Neuroscience Paris Seine, Institute of Biology Paris Seine

Sorbonne University


Catherine Hobaiter

Reader Origins of Mind, School of Psychology

University of St Andrews


Carrie Figdor

Professor, Department of Philosophy and Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences

University of Iowa


Susana Monsó 

Associate Professor, Department of Logic, History, and Philosophy of Science

Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia


Hugh R. Wilson

Professor Emeritus, Centre for Vision Research, Department of Biology, and Department of Psychology

York University


Francesco Ellia

Postdoctoral Researcher, Department of Sciences for Quality of Life

University of Bologna


Efrén Álvarez Salvado

Scientist, Department of Integrative Biology

University of Wisconsin-Madison


Anastassia Depauld

Professor of Philosophy

Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf


Oliver H. P. Burman

Professor in Animal Behaviour, Cognition, and Welfare

University of Lincoln


Karen McComb

Emeritus Professor of Animal Behaviour & Cognition

University of Sussex


Holly Root-Gutteridge

Postdoctoral Research Fellow

University of Lincoln


Claudia Passos Ferreira

Assistant Professor of Bioethics 

New York University


Elizabeth Paul

Senior Lecturer

University of Bristol


Helen Lambert

Animal Welfare Scientist

Animal Welfare Consultancy


Giorgio Vallortigara

Professor of Neuroscience and Animal Cognition, Centre for Mind/Brain Sciences

University of Trento


Kurt Sladky

Clinical Professor of Zoological Medicine

University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine


Eva Read

PhD Candidate, Foundations of Animal Sentience (ASENT) Project

London School of Economics


Kathrin Herrmann

Animal Welfare Scientist, Johns Hopkins University Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing

The Animal Protection Commissioner of Berlin, Senate Department for the Justice & Consumer Protection


David DeGrazia

Elton Professor of Philosophy

George Washington University


Kristina Zeljic

Neurobiologist and Postdoctoral Research Fellow

Queen Mary University of London


Thomas Metzinger

Professor Emeritus, Philosophy Department

Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz


Vittoria Elliott

Science Director and Research Associate

Wild Animal Welfare Initiative and Smithsonian Institution


Kristy Ferraro

PhD Candidate, School of the Environment

Yale University


Linda Keeling

Professor, Animal Welfare

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences


Ben Bradley

Sutton Professor of Philosophy

Syracuse University


Sergio Dellavalle

Professor of Public Law and State Theory

Department of Law, University of Turin


Ruth C. Newberry

Professor of Ethology

Norwegian University of Life Sciences


Nico Blüthgen

Professor of Ecology

Technical University of Darmstadt


Mark Benecke

Director

International Forensic Research


Giorgio F. Gilestro

Senior Lecturer, Department of Life Sciences

Imperial College London


Anna Di Cosmo

Full Professor of Zoology and Ethology, Department of Biology

University of Naples Federico II


Serpil Oppermann

Professor of Environmental Humanities

Cappadocia University


Harald Schliemann 

Professor Emeritus of Zoology

University of Hamburg


Ralf-Rainer Piesold

Professor, Administrative Informatics and Computer Sciences

Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences


Philippa Brakes

Research Fellow

Whale and Dolphin Conservation


Daniel Hui

PhD Candidate, Graduate Group in Genomics and Computational Biology

University of Pennsylvania


Becky Hansis-O’Neill

PhD Candidate, Dunlap Lab, Biology Department

University of Missouri-St.Louis


Claudia Wascher

Associate Professor, School of Life Sciences, Faculty of Science and Engineering

Anglia Ruskin University


Tony Cheng

Associate Professor, Waseda Institute of Advanced Study

Waseda University


Fabian Ritter

President; Director of Research

M.E.E.R. e.V. Berlin


Alfredo F. Ojanguren

Assistant Professor of Zoology 

Universidad de Oviedo


Joanna Pijanowska

Full Professor in Biological Sciences

University of Warsaw


Lena Lindström

Postdoctoral Researcher

Umeå University


Aimee Dunlap

Associate Professor, Biology

University of Missouri, Saint Louis


Emilio Pagani-Núñez

Lecturer in Ecology and Conservation, Centre for Conservation and Restoration Science

Edinburgh Napier University


Véronique Servais

Professor of Anthropology

University of Liege


Caio Maximino

Assistant Professor of Behavioral Neuroscience

Universidade Federal do Sul e Sudeste do Pará


Xareni P. Pacheco

Research Professor, Centro de Investigación en Ciencias Biológicas Aplicadas

Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México


Andrzej Elzanowski

Professor of Vertebrate Zoology

University of Warsaw


Mark Solms

Director of Neuropsychology, Neuroscience Institute

University of Cape Town


Jeff Karp

Distinguished Chair, Brigham and Women’s Hospital  

Harvard Medical School


Kathy Hessler

Asst. Dean, Animal Law

Director, Animal Legal Education Initiative

The George Washington University Law School


Anna Kathleen Garr

Ph.D. Candidate, Integrated Program of Neuroscience

McGill University


Frania Shelley-Grielen

MA Animal Behavior

Hunter College


Alex Putzer

UN Harmony with Nature Expert, Fulbright-Schuman Scholar in Rights of Urban Natures

New York University


Elisa Pasquini

PhD Student, Centre for Mind/Brain Sciences 

University of Trento


Lisa Yon

Associate Professor in Zoo and Wildlife Medicine

University of Nottingham


Christopher Bryant

Director

Bryant Research


James Clark Ross

PhD Candidate, Philosophy

University of Southampton


Nitin Sekar

Conservation Scientist

IUCN Asian Elephant Specialist Group


Samuel Clark

Senior Lecturer in Philosophy

Lancaster University


Heather Bacon

Dean of School of Veterinary Medicine

University of Central Lancashire


Christopher Fields

Scientist, Allen Discovery Center

Tufts University


Yogi Hendlin

Assistant Professor

Erasmus University Rotterdam


Ignacio Cea

Research Associate

Temuco Catholic University - Chile


Friedrich Glauner

Permanent Fellow at the Global Ethic Institute

Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen


Léa Lansade

Senior Researcher

National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and the Environment


Michael Friedman

Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Math and Science

Pratt Institute


Cebuan Bliss

Postdoctoral researcher, Environmental Governance and Politics Chairgroup

Radboud University


Sonja Hillemacher

PhD Student, Institute of Agricultural Engineering

University of Bonn


Renee Ye

PhD Candidate, Philosophy

Ruhr-Universität, Bochum


Lisa (Skinher) Pytka

Research Assistant, MD Anderson Keeling Center for Comparative Medicine and Research

The University of Texas


Jenny Lorraine Nielsen

Doctoral Candidate Philosophy of Science

University of Kansas 


Anna Majury

Assistant Professor, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences

Queen’s University


T. Erhan Cosan

Medical Faculty; Institute of Neurological Sciences

Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir (Turkey)


Laura Scherer

Associate Professor, Institute of Environmental Sciences

Leiden University


Emma Vitikainen 

Adjunct Professor, Organismal and Evolutionary Biology

University of Helsinki


Tobias Salden

PhD Candidate, ZFMK Bonn, Hymenoptera Section

Leibniz Institute for the Analysis of Biodiversity Change


Carlos Naranjo

Director

Colegio de Ciencias del Comportamiento


Bernice Bovenkerk

Associate Professor of Animal and Environmental Ethics

Wageningen University


Dale Jamieson

Director, Center for Environmental and Animal Protection; Emeritus Professor of Environmental Studies and Philosophy 

New York University


Alexandra Horowitz

Senior Research Fellow and Adjunct Associate Professor

Barnard College


Vikas O'Reilly-Shah

Director, Center for Pain and Perioperative initiatives in Quality Safety and Outcomes

University of Washington and Seattle Children’s Hospital


Marcin Urbaniak

Associate Professor of Cognitive Science

University of the National Education Commission


Krzysztof Miler

Professor of the Institute of Systematics and Evolution of Animals

Polish Academy of Sciences


Sibylle Wenzel

State Animal Welfare Officer; Specialist Veterinarian Animal Welfare

Free Hanseatic City of Bremen


Roi Mandel (Mandel-Briefer)

Assistant Professor of  Animal Welfare

Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University of Copenhagen


Dvija Mehta 

Researcher, Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence

University of Cambridge


Enrique Font

Professor of Ethology

University of Valencia


Don Drake

Professor, School of Life Sciences

University of Hawaiʻi


Brenda de Groot

PhD Student, Department of Anthropology

University of California, Los Angeles


Nicola Khan

Senior Lecturer in Animal Science; School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences

Nottingham Trent University


Walter Sanchez-Suarez

Animal Behavior and Welfare Scientist

Mercy For Animals

Jacek Debiec

Neuroscientist and Psychiatrist

Great Lakes Psychiatry and Psychotherapy


Peter Suber

Senior Advisor on Open Access 

Harvard University


Wynn Schwartz

Lecturer

Harvard Medical School


Pablo Sepúlveda Voullième

Anesthesiologist, Hospital San Jose Osorno

Universidad Austral


António Machiavelo

Assistant Professor, Department of Mathematics

University of Porto


Brian Stewart

Professor of Physics

Wesleyan University


Jiri Wiedermann

Professor of Computer Science, Institute of Computer Science

Czech Academy of Sciences


Denise Arellano

Instructional Designer & Instructor

Texas Woman's University


Steven Greenstein

Associate Professor of Mathematics Education

Montclair State University


Andrea Di Biagio

Postdoctoral Researcher

Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information Vienna


Harry Wels

Associate Professor, Faculty of Social Sciences

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam


Adrian Ivakhiv

J. S. Woodsworth Chair in the Humanities

Simon Fraser University


Kevin Boileau

Chair & Professor, Department of Psychoanalysis & Philosophy

Global Center for Advanced Studies College Dublin


Martha Smith-Blackmore

Adjunct Assistant Professor of Veterinary Medicine and Law, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine

Tufts University


Alvaro López Caicoya

Researcher

Research Institute for Farm Animal Biology


S. Marek Muller

Assistant Professor of Environmental Communication

Texas State University


Diana Rodriguez Moreno

Assistant Professor of Clinical Neurobiology in Psychiatry, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University


Chrystopher L. Nehaniv

Professor, Faculty of Engineering/Faculty of Mathematics

University of Waterloo


Dylan Ludwig

Assistant Professor of Cognitive Science

York University


Michael Calhoun

Research Group Leader (retired)

Hertie Institute of Clinical Brain Research


Carla Marmelo

Zootechnical Engineer and Researcher

University of Évora and Instituto Politécnico de Portalegre


Jacy Reese Anthis

Co-founder

Sentience Institute


Michael Snodgrass

Lecturer II, Department of Psychology

University of Michigan


Pedro Resende

Full Professor, Department of Mathematics

Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon


Anderson Fonseca 

PhD Researcher in Philosophy 

Federal University of Ceará


Calum Sims

PhD Student, Philosophy

Bristol University


Jennifer Collett

PhD Student, Department of Sociology, Philosophy and Anthropology

University of Exeter


Wasseem Emam

Doctoral Researcher in Farmed Fish Welfare

University of Stirling


Tatum Cummins

Editor

Springer Nature


Jin Qian

PhD Candidate, Environmental Policy

Wageningen University & Research


Todd LeVasseur

Senior Instructor, Environmental and Sustainability Studies

College of Charleston


V. Victoria Shroff

Adjunct Professor of Animal Law, Peter Allard School of Law

University of British Columbia


Mikhail Bukhtoyarov

Docent of Philosophy, The Humanities Institute

Siberian Federal University


Timothy A. Pearce

Assistant Curator of Mollusks

Carnegie Museum of Natural History


Nora Zannoni

Researcher

Italian National Research Council


Isabelle Laumer

Postdoctoral Researcher

Max Planck Institute of Animal Behavior


William G. P. Mayner

Researcher, Center for Sleep and Consciousness

University of Wisconsin-Madison


Alice Auersperg

Associate Professor of Comparative Cognition; Messerli Research Institute

University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna


Valérie Chansigaud

Historian of Science and The Environment, Laboratoire SPHERE

Université Paris Cité


Barrett Klein

Professor of Entomology and Animal Behavior

University of Wisconsin - La Crosse


Viswanathan Rajagopalan

Associate Professor, Biomedical & Anatomical Sciences

New York Institute of Technology


Arno Klein

Director, MATTER Lab

Child Mind Institute


Victor I. Reus

Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

University of California, San Francisco


Olli Loukola

Associate Professor in Animal Ecology

University of Oulu


Antonios Kaldas

Lecturer in Philosophy, St. Cyril’s Coptic Theological College

Sydney College of Divinity


Fernando Guerrieri

Assistant Professor, Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l'Insecte

Université de Tours, France


Mateusz Hohol

Associate Professor of Psychology, Mathematical Cognition and Learning Lab

Jagiellonian University Krakow


Rachel Dale

Senior Scientist

University for Continuing Education Krems


Federica Pirrone

Associate Professor of Veterinary Ethology and Animal Welfare

University of Milan


Julie Vérièpe

Maitre Assistant

University of Geneva


Timo Maran

Professor of Ecosemiotics and Environmental Humanities

University of Tartu


Valeria Mazza

Research Fellow, Department of Ecological and Biological Sciences 

University of Tuscia


Scott Andersen

Program Manager, Office of Mission & Capability Support, Science & Technology Directorate

Department of Homeland Security


Chirantana Mathkari

Assistant Professor of Anthrozoology

Canisius University


Emanuel Candeias

Doctorate Researcher, Center for Neuroscience & Cell Biology

University of Coimbra


Alex Djedovic

Sessional Lecturer, Cognitive Science Program

University of Toronto


Tomasz Kijewski

Specialist

Institute of Oceanology Polish Academy of Sciences


Steven Laureys

Canada Excellence Research Chair in Neuroplasticity

CERVO Brain Research Centre, Laval University


Sylvia Corte

Retired Assistant Professor of Ethology

Universidad de la República


David Sánchez Ruano

Research Professor, School of Architecture, Art and Design

Tecnologico de Monterrey


Jason Scorse

Program Chair, Environmental Policy and Management

Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey


Mara Martínez Morant

Founder and Coordinator, Antropología de la Vida Animal

Institut Català d'Antropologia


Silke Anders

Professor for Social and Affective Neuroscience, Center of Brain, Behavior and Metabolism

Universität zu Lübeck


Laska Miteva Angelova

Assistant Professor, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine

Trakia University


Gualtiero Piccinini

Curators’ Distinguished Professor, Department of Philosophy

University of Missouri


Silvia Benchimol

Retired Professor, Faculty of Art and Design

Universidad Nacional de Cuyo


Hernando Borges Neves Filho

Professor and Researcher, Graduate Program in Behavior Analysis

Universidade Estadual de Londrina


Ethan Prall

Fellow and Doctoral Student, Rosenstiel School of Marine, Atmospheric, and Earth Science

University of Miami


Claudia Uller

Associate Professor

Kingston University London


Pushpendra Jain

Retired Professor, Department of Physics

University of Botswana


Valeria Mazza

Research Associate, Department for Ecological and Biological Sciences

University of Tuscia


Johannes J. Fahrenfort

Assistant Professor

Free University Amsterdam


John Haas

Lecturer

FH Burgenland


Berika Beridze

Assistant Researcher

National Botanical Garden of Georgia


Dawn Prince-Hughes 

Designer/Facilitator, Cultural Autism Studies

Yale University


Elena Cunningham

Clinical Professor 

NYU Dentistry


Mark Friedman

Senior Fellow

Center for the Study of Social Policy


Luciano Cunha

Coordinator, Brazil

Animal Ethics


Gary Shapiro

President

Orang Utan Republik Foundation


Donovan Schaefer

Associate Professor of Religious Studies

University of Pennsylvania


Gary Lucas

Visiting Scholar

Indiana University


Monique Janssens

Founder and Director

Ethisch Bedrijf


Natasha Wierzal

ZooMonitor Research Assistant

Lincoln Park Zoo


Shannon O'Brien

Animal Welfare Scientist

Lincoln Park Zoo


Thomas Hirschmann

Lecturer Innovation

University of Kent


Hans W. Koch

Professor of Sound

Academy of Media Arts Cologne


Elisabeth Suwandschieff

PhD Candidate, Messerli Research Institute

University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna


Marina Lalatta Costerbosa

Professor of Philosophy of Law and Bioethics, Department of Philosophy

University of Bologna


Bartosz Baran

Assistant Professor of Biological Sciences and Psychology, Mathematical Cognition and Learning Lab 

Jagiellonian University


Jeppe Have Rasmussen

Postdoctoral Researcher

University of Copenhagen


Markus Lindholm

Professor of Science Didactics

Rudolf Steinerhøyskolen


Samantha Hurn

Professor of Anthropology and Programme Director for Anthrozoology

University of Exeter


Judith Donath

Faculty Associate, Berkman-Klein Center

Harvard University


Sophia M. Connell

Senior Lecturer in Philosophy

Birkbeck, University of London


Simon Coghlan

Senior Lecturer in Digital Ethics

University of Melbourne


Alfonso Donoso

Associate Professor in Institute of Applied Ethics

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile


Daniel A. Dombrowski

Emeritus Professor of Philosophy

Seattle University


Brianne Donaldson

Associate Professor, Religion and Philosophy

University of California, Irvine


Kimberly L. Fullerton

Adjunct Professor, Animal Law and Policy, Francis King Carey School of Law

University of Maryland


Arto Laitinen

Professor of Philosophy

Tampere University


François Jaquet

Enseignant-chercheur & directeur adjoint du Master Éthique

Université de Strasbourg


Elisa Galgut

Associate Professor in Philosophy

University of Cape Town


Simon P. James

Professor of Philosophy

Durham University


Konstantin Deininger

Lecturer, Philosophy

University of Vienna


Joshua Kissel

Postdoctoral Scholar, Department of Writing and Rhetoric

University of Central Florida


Anja Jauernig

Professor of Philosophy

New York University


Hugh LaFollette

Emeritus Cole Chair in Ethics & Professor of Philosophy

University of South Florida


Lisa Kemmerer

Professor Emeritus, Philosophy

Montana State University Billings


Rocío Becerra Montané

Integrante del Seminario de Investigación sobre Sociedad del Conocimiento y Diversidad Cultural

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México


Steve Cooke

Associate Professor of Political Theory

University of Leicester


Andrew Stawasz

Legal Fellow, Institute for Policy Integrity

New York University School of Law


Lars Lewejohann

Professor, Institute of Animal Welfare, Animal Behavior and Laboratory

Animal Science

Freie Universitaet Berlin


Paulo César Maiorka

Associate Professor of Pathology and Forensic Veterinary Medicine

University of São Paulo


Kenneth A. Koenigshofer

Adjunct Professor of Psychology

University of Maryland, Global Campus


Fabiola Leyton

Lecturer in Ethics and Bioethics, Faculty of Nursing

University of Barcelona


Rebecca E. Nordquist

Associate Professor Farm Animal Behaviour and Welfare, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine

Utrecht University


Armina Janyan

Assistant Professor in Cognitive Science

New Bulgarian University


Carlos Edmundo Salas Bravo

Retired Professor, Department of Biochemistry and Immunology

Federal University of Minas Gerais


Augusta Gaspar

Associate Professor of Psychology

Catholic University of Portugal


Simon Lumsden 

Associate Professor, Philosophy

University of New South Wales


Kristien Hens

Professor of Bioethics

University of Antwerp


Rebekah Humphreys

Senior Lecturer in Philosophy

University of Wales Trinity Saint David


Chris Bobonich

C. I. Lewis Professor of Philosophy

Stanford University


Sascha Benjamin Fink 

Director of Research, Centre for Philosophy of AI Research

Friedrich-Alexander-University


Stephen Finlay

Director, Dianoia Institute of Philosophy

Australian Catholic University


Odile Petit

Director of Research in Ethology

National Center of Scientific Research


Jérôme Segal

Assistant Professor, Animal Ethics

Sorbonne Université


Kramer Thompson

PhD Candidate, Philosophy

Australian National University


Bart Schultz

Senior Lecturer in Philosophy

University of Chicago


Udo Schuklenk

Professor of Philosophy and Ontario Research Chair in Bioethics

Queen's University


John Sanbonmatsu

Associate Professor of Philosophy

Worcester Polytechnic Institute


Christine Tappolet

Full Professor, Department of Philosophy

Université de Montréal


Benjamin Sachs-Cobbe

Senior Lecturer in Philosophy

University of St. Andrews


Marcus Schultz-Bergin

Associate College Lecturer in Philosophy

Cleveland State University


Eli Shupe

Assistant Professor, Philosophy and Humanities

University of Texas at Arlington


David M. Peña-Guzmán

Associate Professor of Humanities and Comparative World Literature 

San Francisco State University


Genevieve Pfeiffer

PhD Student Environmental Sciences, Studies, and Policy

University of Oregon


Monique Whitaker

Philosophy Lecturer

University of KwaZulu-Natal


Steven Shakespeare

Professor of Continental Philosophy of Religion

Liverpool Hope University


Dustin Sigsbee

PhD Candidate, Department of Philosophy

University of South Carolina


Mark Rowlands

Professor and Chair, Department of Philosophy

University of Miami


Angus Taylor

Retired Lecturer in Philosophy

University of Victoria


Elisa Aaltola

Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, Contemporary History and Political Science

University of Turku


Anna C. Zielinska

Associate Professor of Philosophy

University of Lorraine


Gregg Henriques

Professor of Graduate Psychology

James Madison University


Kate Lynch 

Lecturer, History and Philosophy of Science

University of Melbourne


Aline Bertin

Researcher and Ethologist

National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and the Environment


Andreas T. Schmidt

Professor of Moral and Political Philosophy

University of Groningen


Julien Meyer

Research Officer in Language Sciences, Centre National de Recherche Scientifique

Université Grenoble Alpes


Andy Blacker

Retired Veterinary Care Specialist

US Army


Mathieu Lihoreau

CNRS Research Director, Research Center on Animal Cognition

University of Toulouse


Roger Orpwood

Professor, Centre for Pain Research

University of Bath


Luca Filaci

PhD Student, Philosophy, Epistemology and Human Sciences

Università degli studi di Cagliari


Ana Raquel Santos

PhD Candidate, Center for Neuroscience and Cell Biology

University of Coimbra


Acer Yu-Chan Chang

Assistant Professor of Psychology

Rikkyo University


Bindu M.Kutty

Senior Professor of Neurophysiology & Officer in Charge, Center for Consciousness Studies

National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences


Santiago Ambrosio Viale

Professor of Biochemistry,  School of Medcine and Biomedical Sciences

University of Barcelona


Vish Krishnan

Professor and Endowed Chair

University of California, San Diego


Timothy A. Pearce

Assistant Curator and Head, Section of Mollusks

Carnegie Museum of Natural History


Neville Pillay

Professor of Animal Behaviour and Head, School of Animal, Plant & Environmental Sciences

University of the Witwatersrand


Toby Miller

Distinguished Professor of the Graduate Division

University of California, Riverside


Ann Hemingway

Professor, Public Health & Wellbeing

Bournemouth University


José M. Sánchez Morgado

Director, Bioresearch and Veterinary Services

The University of Edinburgh


Andrew Oberg

Associate Professor, Faculty of Humanities

University of Kochi


Lisa Gjedde

Associate Professor, Department of Culture and Learning

Aalborg University


Mike King

Senior Lecturer and Head of Department, Bioethics Centre

University of Otago


Lawrence W. Powers

Professor Emeritus of Natural Sciences

Oregon Institute of Technology


Mikel Torres

Lecturer and Associate Professor of Philosophy

University of the Basque Country


Dorota Probucka

Professor of Ethics

Pedagogical University of Cracow


Gary Steiner

Emeritus Professor of Philosophy

Bucknell University


Niko Zieliński

Lecturer in Neurobiology and Intelligent Systems, Center of Science and Technology

University of Łódź


Michel Steinfeld

Research Fellow, Department of Theology and Philosophy of Religion

University of Hamburg


François Verheggen

Associated Professor of Chemical Ecology

University of Liege


Alessandro Macario

Visiting Scholar, Faculty of Aquatic Sciences

Istanbul University


Freddie-Jeanne Richard

Assistant Professor, Ecologie et Comportement Animal

Université de Poitiers


Thierry Ménissier

Full Professor, Political Philosophy, Institut de Philosophie de Grenoble

Université Grenoble Alpes


Xavier Landes

Associate Professor, Philosophy

Stockholm School of Economics


Heidi L. Maibom

Professor of Philosophy

University of Cincinnati


Corine Pelluchon

Professor of Philosophy

Gustave Eiffel University


Friedel M. Reischies

Professor of Psychiatry

Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin


Tore Fougner

Associate Professor, Department of International Relations

Bilkent University


Jeremy N. Marchant

Chief Scientist

Organic Plus Trust


Heidi Nicholl

Adjunct Associate Professor, School of Business

University Southern Queensland


Giulia Malerbi

Head of Global Policy

Aquatic Life Institute


Russil Durrant

Senior Lecturer in Criminology

Victoria University of Wellington


Marta Tafalla

Senior Lecturer, Philosophy Department

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona


Carl Saucier-Bouffard

Professor of Humanities

Dawson College


Tamar Gutnick

Postdoctoral Researcher

Italian Institute of Science and Technology


Mustafa A. Amin

Associate Professor of Physics and Astronomy

Rice University


Justine Cole

Consultant Research Physician, Clinical Chemistry, Department of Laboratory Medicine

National Institutes of Health


Philip Galanter

Emeritus Associate Professor

Texas A&M University


Lori Clinchard

Chair, Humanities Department

De Anza College


Giraldo Alayón García

President

Fundación Ariguanabo