Accessibility

Engaging students across needs and learning styles

Students in the same classroom learn in different ways. To support all students, we design technology to help educators meet the needs of every student, including those with impaired vision or hearing, physical disabilities, and diverse approaches to processing new information. At Google, we believe accessible design is just good design. We create Google for Education products with accessibility in mind, to help every student learn, be inspired, and achieve their full potential.

High Level Accessibility Support

ChromeOS & Chrome Browser Accessibility Features

Google Sites Accessibility Features

Improving WAVE Grade Template for School Websites

G Suite Accessibility

G Suite is a collection of applications for online collaboration, organization, and productivity that provide powerful tools and access to content from the web. This page lists resources to help you get started with G Suite using assistive technology.

We've included information for diverse needs and interests, but many of the resources are primarily for blind or low-vision users.

Read more here: g.co/gsuiteaccessibility



Chromebook Accessibility

Chromebook features such as ChromeVox and Select-to-Speak aid students who need visual or audio support while giving all students different ways to access information. Once you customize settings on a Chromebook, they’re applied every time a student logs in on any device, saving time and keeping students focused on learning.

Read more here: g.co/chromebookaccessibility

NYCDOE Accessibility Mandates

Office of Civil Rights Agreement: Assurance of Nondiscrimination

Link to Resolution Agreement

While school websites are not required. By legal dictate, school websites must be accessible to all visitors by December 2020:

The NYCDOE hereby reaffirms its commitment to ensure that people with disabilities have an opportunity equal to that of their nondisabled peers to participate in the NYCDOE programs, benefits, and services, including those delivered through electronic and information technology on the NYCDOE’s website, except where providing such opportunity would impose an undue burden or create a fundamental alteration in the nature of a program, service, or activity.

For the purposes of this Agreement, the accessibility of online content and functionality on the NYCDOE website will be measured according to the W3C’s Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 Level AA and the Web Accessibility Initiative Accessible Rich Internet Applications Suite (WAI-ARIA) 1.0 for web content, which are incorporated by reference.

The NYCDOE Digital Inclusion office uses "WAVE" and determines a site grade based on the combination of errors + warnings. The Google Editors rely on functional testing to determine how accessible the products are rather than purely relying on automated tooling like WAVE. Although WAVE is a useful tool and can aid with development, it is not replacement for having human users use actual screen readers to determine what is accessible versus not. Google relies on testing the actual results of screen reader output and analyzing that output instead of running a tool and looking at results without deep inspection. Therefore, WAVE results do not necessarily make the site better to use for actual screen readers, but can provide a generalized, non functional, improvement recommendations.

In WAVE's own words, bolding is theirs:

WAVE is tool to help web developers make their web content more accessible. WAVE cannot tell you if your web content is accessible. Only a human can determine true accessibility. But, WAVE can help you evaluate the accessibility of your web content.

Grading

  • Run wave on your homepage plus up to 5 additional random pages
  • For each page, add the total number of alerts divided by 5 to the total number of errors
  • Add together all the numbers produced by the previous step and divide by the number of pages (no more than 6, homepage plus up to 5 more pages)

Rubric

Accessibility score ranking is calculated by the total number of errors + alerts / page into the following ranges:

  • A 0.0-3.0 (this is what all sites need to score by December 2020)
  • B 3.1-12.0
  • C 12.1-21.0
  • D 21.1-30.0
  • F 30.1+

Inaccessible Site Example

Warning, purposeful, extreme inaccessibility ahead: art.yale.edu

Our Audience is Everyone, Text must grade 6 to 9, Text must be translatable, Format must be screen-reader friendly