The Montessori elementary program is considered the second phase of development in Montessori
philosophy. Children have become self-sufficient in many ways. They can dress themselves, feed
themselves, and express themselves effectively to others. Children at this stage are extremely social.
They are learning to now master their connection to others and the planet. They are fascinated by
huge concepts, and the idea of infinity. Montessori recognizes and supports this very important
phase by allowing them freedom of movement in the class, and the ability to collaborate on daily
work with their peers. They can choose to work independently if they desire, but they are also able to
work together, form partnerships or groups, and in this way, they can explore their connection with
others, and learn more about themselves as individuals through this process.
Students are divided in Lower Elementary (grades 1 to 3), and progress on to Upper Elementary
(grades 4-8) in preparation for the rigours of high school.
Students are given an opportunity to learn about the “whys” and “hows” of the world, and to explore
those in-depth. The teacher is a guide whose main role is to foster wonder and curiosity in the child,
so the child is excited about learning more. The children have the freedom to delve deeply into topics
that interest them, and in the process, teachable moments in many different subjects appear
Students are also encouraged to think in broad ways about how they can internalize their
understanding in a way that makes sense to them. So from the same lesson on homonids, some
children will write and perform a play; some will create a report; others will design models or
diagrams; some will draw a graphic novel. In this way, students have the freedom to determine what
works best for them, and the teacher supports and helps source information for them to fully explore what inspires them.