Elementary Program

The Montessori elementary program is considered the second phase of development in Montessori

philosophy. Children have become self-sufficient in many ways. They can dress themselves, feed

themselves, and express themselves effectively to others. Children at this stage are extremely social.

They are learning to now master their connection to others and the planet. They are fascinated by

huge concepts, and the idea of infinity. Montessori recognizes and supports this very important

phase by allowing them freedom of movement in the class, and the ability to collaborate on daily

work with their peers. They can choose to work independently if they desire, but they are also able to

work together, form partnerships or groups, and in this way, they can explore their connection with

others, and learn more about themselves as individuals through this process.

Students are divided in Lower Elementary (grades 1 to 3), and progress on to Upper Elementary

(grades 4-8) in preparation for the rigours of high school.

Students are given an opportunity to learn about the “whys” and “hows” of the world, and to explore

those in-depth. The teacher is a guide whose main role is to foster wonder and curiosity in the child,

so the child is excited about learning more. The children have the freedom to delve deeply into topics

that interest them, and in the process, teachable moments in many different subjects appear


Students are also encouraged to think in broad ways about how they can internalize their

understanding in a way that makes sense to them. So from the same lesson on homonids, some

children will write and perform a play; some will create a report; others will design models or

diagrams; some will draw a graphic novel. In this way, students have the freedom to determine what

works best for them, and the teacher supports and helps source information for them to fully explore what inspires them.