Social interaction underpins virtually all aspects of our social lives: we build, maintain and harm and repair our relationships with others through our interactions, and we navigate countless social institutions through interaction. Think about your health: it's how you talk with physicians and other health professionals that brings much of healthcare into existence. Legal proceedings similarly rely on social interaction -- the questions attorneys and judges ask and the responses that witnesses provided, for instance.

Social interaction is fundamental, and perhaps none of us remembers being explicitly taught how to have a conversation, but that doesn't mean that conversation is without guiding rules and norms. My research investigates conversation from a structural perspective to try to understand what these underlying rules and norms are. I primarily use recordings of spontaneous naturally occurring social interaction to examine social interaction as it really happens among families, friends, acquaintances and strangers in our everyday lives and in clinical settings.

When we identify guiding principles of social interaction we can then ask questions about how these norms affect outcomes of, for instance, physician prescribing in healthcare, or how people design questions and responses in everyday conversation. Studying how and when people use particular interaction practices, and to what effect, can also help us address much larger questions such as where the boundary is between human behavior and culture-specific (or language-specific) behavior.

My primary methodology is conversation analysis. I also combine CA with other methods to ask different questions. For instance, I combine CA with statistical methods for comparative work whether the interest is race/ethnicity, SES, human development or differences in language and culture. I combine CA with ethnographic methods to gain insight into participants' perspectives on, for instance, interactions with clinicians or the background to seeking care.

If you are interested in learning more about CA methods or studying social interaction more generally, our PhD program accepts applications up to December 1 each year. The Center for Language, Interaction and Culture (CLIC) accepts student and faculty visitors for 1,2 or 3 quarters (international or domestic).