A Look to the Past


Blagojevic, Branko. “AI, Optimists vs Pessimists and Why The Singularity Isn't Near.” Medium, Ml-Everything, 8 Oct. 2018.

Beyond Moore's Law.” The Economist, The Economist Newspaper, 26 May 2015.

Danaylov, Nikola. “Top 10 Singularitarians of All Time.” Singularity Weblog, 23 Jan. 2010.

Dvorsky, George. “It's Not All about Ray: There's More to Singularity Studies than Kurzweil.” Sentient Developments, 23 Aug. 2010.

Engadget at 15: A Look at How Much Tech Has Changed.Engadget, 2 Mar. 2019.

Kurzweil, Ray. “The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology.” Amazon, Amazon, 26 Sept. 2006.

Novak, Matt. “Technology, Ranked.Paleofuture.

Reedy, Christianna. “Kurzweil Claims That the Singularity Will Happen by 2045.” Futurism, Futurism, 16 Oct. 2017.

Rejcek, Peter. “Can Futurists Predict the Year of the Singularity?Singularity Hub, 6 Sept. 2017.

Science Fiction

A 19th-Century Vision of the Year 2000.” The Public Domain Review, 30 May 2018.

Childers, Juliet. “13 Classic Sci-Fi Legends Predicted Modern Tech We Use Everyday.EDGY_ Labs, 2 Sept. 2018.

Fiction to Reality Timeline (Infographic)

Future, As Foretold in the Past (Infographic)

Snowden, Scott. “A Colossal Elevator to Space Could Be Going up Sooner than You Ever Imagined.NBCNews.com, NBCUniversal News Group.

Samuel, Alexandra. “Can Science Fiction Predict the Future of Technology?Jstor, 19 Feb. 2019.

Simon, Edward. “The Science Fiction That Came Before Science.The Atlantic, Atlantic Media Company, 19 Nov. 2016.

Sky Taxi to Fly in Dubai 'from July'.” BBC News, BBC, 17 Feb. 2017.

Willett, Megan. “These 15 Sci-Fi Books Actually Predicted the Future.Business Insider, Business Insider, 8 Nov. 2018.

Education Technology

Internet and World Wide Web

Organizations, Reports, and Related Articles

Horizon Report


Twenty Years: EDUCAUSE and Higher Education IT.EDUCAUSE Review, 2 Jul. 2018.

Knott, Jessica. “Chasing the Horizon.” EDUCAUSE Review, 28 Sept. 2018.

O’Brien, John. “Digital Transformation: A Caterpillar or a Butterfly?EDUCAUSE Review, 11 March 2019.

Kim, Joshua. “EDUCAUSE and Two Decades of Higher Ed IT Moments | Inside Higher Ed.Inside Higher Ed, 1 Aug. 2018.

LeBlanc, Paul. “Reading Signals from the Future: EDUCAUSE in 2038.EDUCAUSE Review, 2 Jul. 2018.

O'Brien, John. “The Pencil Lines of Our Past and Future.EDUCAUSE Review, 2 July 2018.

Twenty Years: EDUCAUSE and Higher Education IT.EDUCAUSE Review, 2 Jul. 2018.

Tobin, Thomas. “Universal Design for Learning: Three Aces Up Our IT Sleeves.EDUCAUSE Review, 4 Feb. 2019.

Weller, Martin. “Twenty Years of Edtech.EDUCAUSE Review, 2 Jul. 2018.

Future Today Institute

Mary Meeker's Internet Trends

Levy, Steven. “The Indomitable Mary Meeker.Wired, Conde Nast, 21 Sept. 2012, www.wired.com/2012/09/mf-mary-meeker/.

Meeker, Mary. “Internet Trends Report 2018.” Kleiner Perkins, 30 May 2018.

Molla, Rani. “Mary Meeker’s most important trends on the internet.” Vox, Vox, 11 June 2019.

Molla, Rani. “Mary Meeker's 2018 Internet Trends Report: All the Slides, plus Analysis.” Vox, Vox, 30 May 2018.

Slefo, George P. “12 Key Takeaways (and Some Industry Insight) from Mary Meeker's 2018 Internet Trends Report.” AdAge, 31 May 2018.

JW Thompson Intelligence


SXSW 2019, Featured Session: Emerging Tech Trends Report

SXSW 2018, Featured Session: Emerging Tech Trends Report

Kumar, Janaki Mythily. “Designing the Future We Want - Tech Trends from #SXSW2018.Medium, SAP Design, 13 Apr. 2018.

The Trends


Kelly, Kevin. “AR Will Spark the Next Big Tech Platform-Call It Mirrorworld.Wired, Conde Nast, 9 Apr. 2019.

Krillion. “The World Wide Web, AR, VR, and MR.Pseudorandomness, 9 June 2016.

Pomerantz, Jeffrey. “Learning in Three Dimensions: Report on the EDUCAUSE/HP Campus of the Future Project.Learning in Three Dimensions: Report on the EDUCAUSE/HP Campus of the Future Project.

Morris, Tanisia. “Building a Positive Team Culture through Virtual Reality.Fordham Newsroom, 9 May 2018.

7 Things You Should Know About Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality, and Mixed Reality.” EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative, Oct. 2017.

Temperton, James. “Experience the Horror of Ebola in This New VR Film.WIRED, WIRED UK, 4 Oct. 2017.


Anadiotis, George. “The AI Chip Unicorn That's about to Revolutionize Everything Has Computational Graph at Its Core.ZDNet, ZDNet, 21 Jan. 2019.

AI Bias Will Explode. But Only the Unbiased AI Will Survive.IBM.

Artificial Intelligence (Infographic)

Artificial Intelligence.Envisioning.

Burns, Matt. “Nvidia AI Turns Sketches into Photorealistic Landscapes in Seconds – TechCrunch.” TechCrunch, TechCrunch, 18 Mar. 2019.

Daley, Lauren. “Topic Brief: Gender Bias in AI.Catalyst, 12 Mar. 2019.

Burrows, Peter. “How the AI Cloud Could Produce the Richest Companies Ever.MIT Technology Review, MIT Technology Review, 26 Mar. 2018.

Coleman, Lauren deLisa. “Get Ready. 2019 Predictions About Artificial Intelligence That Will Make Your Head Spin.Forbes, Forbes Magazine, 12 Dec. 2018.

Cognitive Bias Codex (Infographic)

50 Cognitive Biases in the Modern World (Infographic)

Flaherty, Colleen. "AI's Brain Drain on Academe." Inside HigherEd, 9 Sep. 2019.

Gershgorn, Dave. “California Just Replaced Cash Bail with Algorithms.Quartz, Quartz, 5 Sept. 2018.

Hao, Karen. “This Is How AI Bias Really Happens-and Why It's so Hard to Fix.MIT Technology Review, MIT Technology Review, 4 Feb. 2019.

Hao, Karen. “What You May Not Understand about China's AI Scene.” MIT Technology Review, MIT Technology Review, 23 Apr. 2019.

Jiaquan , Zhou. “From Drones to Social Credits, 10 Ways China Watches Its Citizens.” South China Morning Post, 19 Feb. 2019.

Maddox, Teena. “CES 2019: How IBM Watson Uses AI to Uncover Hidden Bias.TechRepublic.

Marr, Bernard. “Artificial Intelligence Has A Problem With Bias, Here's How To Tackle It.Forbes, Forbes Magazine, 29 Jan. 2019.

McKendrick, Joe. “Nine Companies Are Shaping The Future Of Artificial Intelligence.Forbes, Forbes Magazine, 11 Apr. 2019.

Southerland, Vincent.. “With AI and Criminal Justice, the Devil Is in the Data.American Civil Liberties Union, American Civil Liberties Union, 2 Apr. 2018.

Vanian, Jonathan. “Unmasking A.I.'s Bias Problem.Fortune, 25 Jun. 2019

Waddell, Kaveh. “AI's Uneasy Coming of Age.” Axios, 22 Mar. 2019.



The Nature of the Future: From Institutions to Amplified Individuals (SSIR).Stanford Social Innovation Review: Informing and Inspiring Leaders of Social Change, 21 May 2014.


Axios. “Special Report: The New Digital Divides.” Axios, 1 Dec. 2018.

Baskin, Jonathan Salem. “Who's Fault Is It That Congress Doesn't Understand Tech?Medium, Medium, 24 Apr. 2018.

Clendaniel, Morgan. “Digital Money Is Here: Will It Make Us More Free–or Less?Fast Company, Fast Company, 8 Apr. 2019.

Ito, Joi. “Optimize Algorithms to Support Kids Online, Not Exploit Them.” Wired, Conde Nast, 13 Apr. 2019.

Kelly, Lorelei, and Robert Bjarnason. “Our 'Modern' Congress Doesn't Understand 21st Century Technology – TechCrunch.” TechCrunch, TechCrunch, 6 May 2018.

News, CBS. “Sen. Hatch: ‘If [a Version of Facebook Will Always Be Free], How Do You Sustain a Business Model in Which Users Don't Pay for Your Service?‘Mark Zuckerberg: ‘Senator, We Run Ads." Https://T.co/CbFO899XlU Pic.twitter.com/bGKWks7zIk.” Twitter, Twitter, 10 Apr. 2018,

Selk, Avi. “'There's so Many Different Things!': How Technology Baffled an Elderly Congress in 2018.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 2 Jan. 2019,

Privacy, Net Neutrality, Surveillance, Control of Data

Boyd, Danah. “Agnotology and Epistemological Fragmentation.” Points, Data & Society: Points, 26 Apr. 2019.

Broussard, Meredith, and April Glaser. “Early Libertarian Dreams of a Free Internet Didn't Work Out as Planned.” Slate Magazine, Slate, 8 May 2019.

Naughton, John. “'The Goal Is to Automate Us': Welcome to the Age of Surveillance Capitalism.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 20 Jan. 2019.

Naughton, John. “Why We Need a 21st-Century Martin Luther to Challenge the Church of Tech.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 29 Oct. 2017.

Pasternack, Alex. “What You Don't Know about Your Health Data Will Make You Sick.Fast Company, Fast Company, 26 Mar. 2019.

Warzel, Charlie, and Stuart A. Thompson. “Tech Companies Say They Care.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 11 Apr. 2019.

What is Net Neutrality (AJCU)


Brown, Eileen. “What's next for 2019? 9 Tech and Innovation Trends.” ZDNet, ZDNet, 21 Jan. 2019.

Takahashi, Dean. “IBM predicts 5 life-changing innovations in the next 5 years.” Venture Beat, 30 Apr. 2019.

QuantumRun. “State of technology in 2020.”

Scott, Mike. “These Are The Technologies That Will Change Our Lives In The Next 10 Years.” Forbes, Forbes, 17 Dec. 2018

Popomaronis, Tom. “A Survey of 6,672 Executives Reveals the Biggest Tech Trends Poised to Disrupt Businesses Within 3 Years.” Inc., Mansueto Ventures.

Guy, Raz. “What Predictions From 1984 Came True?NPR, NPR, 13 Sept. 2013.

Watson, Richard. "Thinking tools."

Final Thoughts

Announcing the Heart of Knowledge Contest: Help Us Illustrate Why Knowledge Matters.” Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Apr. 2019.

Kelly, Kevin. “The Technium: The Amount of Information in the World.Kk Lifestream, 12 Mar. 2011.

Paul, Ryan. “Study: Amount of Digital Info > Global Storage Capacity.” Ars Technica, 12 Mar. 2008.

Visualizing the Petaflop (Infographic)

Additional Resources

Supplemental Reading

Amadeo, Ron, et al. “Our favorite (and least favorite) tech of 2018.” Ars Technica, Condé Nast, 26 Dec. 2018.

Amos, Brandon. "Image Completion with Deep Learning in TensorFlow." August 9, 2016.

Andriole, Steve. “How To Pilot Emerging Tech, Like Social Media, Wearables, IoT, AI, Analytics, Crypto & Blockchain.” Forbes, Forbes, 25 Nov. 2018.

arXiv from the Emerging Technology. “Sorry, Graphene-Borophene Is the New Wonder Material That's Got Everyone Excited.” MIT Technology Review, MIT Technology Review, 5 Apr. 2019.

French, Kristen. “First They Got Sick, Then They Moved Into A Virtual Utopia.” Wired, Condé Naste, 13 Feb. 2017.

Gorbis, Marina. “Bio-hackers, crime journalism, and socialstructing the future.” Boing Boing, Jason Weisberger.

Bayern, Macy. “10 technologies that will impact higher education the most this year.” TechRepublic, CBS Interactive, 29 Mar. 2019.

Kim, Hyeonjin. “Interactive value creation and contextual representation in connected world.” 2015.

Kight, Stef W. “Americans agree on something: The future looks grim.” Axios, 21 Mar. 2019.

Jones, Rhett. “New Technology Changes We're Excited About for 2019.” Gizmodo, Gizmodo Media Group, 25 Dec. 2018.

McWilliams, James. “Saving the Self in the Age of the Selfie.” The American Scholar, 29 Feb. 2016.

Pandey, Erica. “The trouble with smart cities.” Axios, 21 Mar. 2019.

Press Release “Gartner Identifies the Top 10 Strategic Technology Trends for 2019.” Gartner, 15 Oct. 2018.

Silverman, Craig. “Old, Online, And Fed On Lies: How An Aging Population Will Reshape The Internet.” BuzzFeed News, BuzzFeed, 3 Apr. 2019.

Simon, Matt. “Andrew Yang’s Presidential Bid Is So Very 21st Century.” Wired, Condé Nast, 1 Apr. 2019.”

Sullivan, Mark. “The biggest tech trends of 2019, according to top experts.” Fast Company, 3 Jan. 2019.

Watson, Richard. "Table of Disruptive Technologies."

Webb, Keith. “Capitalising a rapidly changing telecommunications, media and technology sector.” BusinessDay, BusinessLive MMXIX, 1 Apr. 2019.

Woolley, Benjamin. “William Gibson on the Dawn of the Internet.” YouTube, YouTube, 25 Apr. 2010.

Zipkin, Nina. “8 Far-Out 'Jetsons' Contraptions That Actually Exist Today.” Entrepreneur, 17 Apr. 2015.