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Most edit-able documents require Microsoft Word or Adobe Acrobat Reader to edit. Some .pdf documents are fillable, and all .pdf documents and are viewable in your browser window and available for download.
The documents listed here are the most current version - please check this page often and disregard any previous version of a document you may have downloaded in the past.
Information for NEW Music Students (Majors and Minors)
In addition to applying to the university, prospective, incoming, or current Louisiana Tech students who wish to major or minor in Music or Music Industry Studies also need to apply to the School of Music. Visit music.latech.edu/audition for more information.
COVID-19 Safety Information (Updated 8/20/2020)
Last Updated - November 22, 2020
The information provided here is done so out of sincere concern for the safety and well-being of our students. In addition to the general guidance provided to all students of the university, we have provided protocols developed specifically for School of Music students, based on research sponsored by over 100 national performing arts organizations.
These guidelines and protocols are provided for your safety. According to University policy, failure to adhere to these guidelines is considered a violation of the Student Code of Conduct and could result in disciplinary measures. Please contact Disability Services immediately if you need to request accommodations.
These protocols may be updated at any time and may be subject to change to adhere to University, UL System, and State policy changes and/or updated information and advice provided by a consensus of credible experts in post-secondary music education, public health, virology, and epidemiology.
University-Wide Information and Guidance
Students can find the most up-to-date information on the University's Return to Campus Plan and any policy changes regarding COVID-19 by visiting https://www.latech.edu/coronavirus/.
Any student, faculty member, or staff member exhibiting symptoms of COVID-19 should NOT attend classes or come to campus (if living off campus). Contact the following as soon as possible if you have been in direct contact (within six feet for a time period of 15 minutes or more) with someone who has COVID-19, have symptoms of COVID-19, or have tested positive for COVID-19:
If you have symptoms and want to get tested, please consult with your general healthcare provider or call Tech Care at 318.257.4866.
For students, call Stacy Gilbert at 318.257.2445 or email her at email@example.com.
For the University's complete testing, tracing, and quarantine protocol for students, please visit https://www.latech.edu/coronavirus/return-to-campus-plan/for-students/.
All Louisiana Tech University students are asked to:
Observe social distancing AT ALL TIMES.This means:
Remain at least 6 ft. from other people
Do not gather in groups
Stay out of crowded places and avoid mass gatherings
Wear a face mask or covering AT ALL TIMES in order to protect others. This means:
Masks must be worn by all individuals on campus at all times in public settings (e.g., common workspaces, public spaces, hallways, stairwells, elevators, meeting rooms, classrooms, break-rooms, campus outdoor spaces, restrooms, etc.) - to reiterate, masks are required both INDOORS and OUTDOORS, regardless of the number of people present around you, unless you are actively eating or drinking, which should be done at least 6 ft. away from anyone with whom you do not live.
Make sure your masks fits securely and covers your entire nose, mouth, and chin. Your nose and mouth are connected, so masks worn under the nose or on the chin are virtually useless in protecting against infection.
Gloves are not necessary, and goggles and face shields are not required; however, you should be sure to take care and regularly wash your hands for 20 seconds with soap and water, and use the hand sanitizer provided throughout nearly all buildings campus.
Although custodial crews will continue to clean campus spaces using protocols developed by the CDC, students should wipe down common areas before and after use. This means:
Students should use disinfectant or cleaning wipes on any chair, table, desk, etc. both before and after use.
Be vigilant about what you touch, making sure to use hand sanitizer or to wash your hands after you touch high-touch objects, such as light switches, door knobs, or elevator buttons.
School of Music-specific Information and Guidance
The following information applies specifically to students in the School of Music and those taking music courses. We adhere to all University guidelines, but due to the production of saliva, aerosol droplets, and extra breathe inherent to music performance, practice, and study, there are protocols that we must to implement that go above and beyond standard guidelines in order maintain a safer learning environment.
Please read the following information CAREFULLY. It is very important that you take every precaution to avoid contracting COVID-19. These further precautions may seem over-the-top, and may perhaps be even a little disconcerting, they are not meant to scare you but instead, are put in place with your safety in mind. Considering the fact that studies show many (even up to half of those) who test positive for COVID-19 -- even those that show no symptoms (or did exhibit symptoms but did not require hospitalization) -- will live with life-long damage to their organs, imagine the impact that withstanding lung, heart, and/or neurological damage may do to your future career in music.
For journalistic coverage and discussion of these scientific studies, please see:
"Coronavirus: asymptomatic people can still develop lung damage" (The Conversation, June 25, 2020)
"From 'brain fog' to heart damage, COVID-19's lingering problems alarm scientists" (Science, July 31, 2020)
"Scans Reveal Heart Damage in Over Half of COVID-19 Patients in Study" (Newsweek, July 13, 2020)
In other words, please take the following guidance seriously.
Building and Facility Hours
Howard Center for the Performing Arts will only be open from 8:00AM to 7:00PM, Mondays through Fridays, except for special events, until further notice. At 7:00PM, students must quickly exit the building, especially when requested to do so by faculty, staff members, or student workers. Even if the Theatre side of the building is open after hours, students may not request access to the Music Wing or travel through the building to get to the Music Wing. Do not begin new projects or practice sessions after 6:30PM each day.
The Band Building will only be open from 8:00AM to 9:00PM, Mondays through Fridays (with the exception of game days should there be regular or shortened football and basketball seasons) or other special events. At the conclusion of any rehearsals in the Band Building, students must quickly exit the building, especially when requested to do so by faculty or staff members.
Please do not loiter/"hang out," wait for friends, or otherwise spend any time unnecessarily in either building; we understand that students consider these buildings to be a second home, but we currently cannot ensure that both spaces will be safely and continuously sanitized after hours.
Students who rely on access to the practice rooms, computer labs, or other School of Music assets and equipment should be mindful of this temporary schedule and plan accordingly. Students who need access to either building after the posted hours should contact Dr. Michael Austin (firstname.lastname@example.org).
To ensure adequate student worker coverage and for contact tracing purposes, students MUST reserve a practice room in order to use the rooms in Howard Center or the Band Building. Students who leave before cleaning their practice room may lose the ability to use these facilities. Please see the guidelines for practice room use in the section below for more information and to make a reservation.
Classrooms will available for limited use for in-person instruction; however, each room has a limited capacity of 50% of the room's usual capacity, and everyone must be able to maintain at least 6ft. of distance from another person. Adhering to one of these requirement does not negate the necessity of the other, so classroom users must be able to meet both of these requirements. Faculty members who need to remove their mask in a classroom for demonstrable pedagogical purposes will do so only if they can ensure the safety of all students and they remain at least 8 ft. from the nearest student while their mask is removed.
Students in classrooms must maintain social distancing and wear a mask at all times without exception. Students who feel that they cannot wear a mask in classrooms or other School of Music facilities should plan to participate virtually for the safety of others; please contact Disability Services if you need to request accommodations. Students who do not have a mask should not attend class; a refusal to wear a mask in class will result in the immediate cancellation of the class and referral for discipline through the Student Code of Conduct.
The computer lab in Howard Center has been moved to Rm. 314 and has been updated to include the control room for the School of Music's new recording studio. Students may access the computer lab only during regular business hours (M-F, 8:00AM-5:00PM), and only when a computer lab proctor is present. Food and drink are NEVER allowed in the Computer Lab. Because space and computers will be limited to help maintain social distancing and room capacity restrictions, students should limit the time they spend in the computer lab, and should reserve use of the space to complete MUSIC ASSIGNMENTS ONLY that requires the specialized music software on those computers; students can use other computer labs on campus to type English papers, for example.
The freight elevator in Howard Center should not be used to carry passengers at any time (even when there's not a pandemic), but anyone who does use it to carry freight should let someone in the School of Music Office know so that the buttons can be cleaned after use.
Hallways and Stairwells
Students must observe all directional signage and should not travel against traffic in order to maintain sufficient social distancing. Please be sure to observe "up" and "down" directional signage in stairwells. Please do not congregate or "hang out" in the hallway. If you are waiting for your class to begin, please maintain social distancing from others in the hallway.
In addition to the instruments regularly checked out to band members each quarter, a small number of piano keyboards/MIDI controllers may be available for student check-out on a first-come, first-served basis. Students must return any checked-out equipment at the end of each quarter, or make arrangements to return it in a timely fashion, or a registration and transcript hold will be put on the student's account until the equipment or payment of the item's retail value has been received. Students must complete an Instrument and Equipment Check-Out Form and a Statement of Responsibility form before they are allowed to check out any instrument owned by Louisiana Tech.
Under no circumstances may students share a wind instrument; in addition to pianos and percussion instruments that remain on campus, students may share other checked-out instruments if they live together and sanitation protocols are strictly followed.
Because locker arrangements are not conducive to social distancing, nor is it possible maintain suitable sanitation for the lockers in the School of Music, the inventory of lockers available for student use will be extremely limited (likely limited to use only by those whose instruments are larger than a guitar/trombone and those who need numerous instruments throughout the day). Locker-sharing is prohibited until further notice. Students may request a locker in the Band Building by contacting Prof. Jim Robken (email@example.com). Students may request a locker in Howard Center by contacting Mrs. Carol Harrison (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Masks are required at all times in both Howard Center and in the Band Building, and outdoors on campus and at university-related activities off-campus, with the following rare exceptions:
Faculty who need to remove their mask so that students can read their lips (if needed and the professor agrees) or that need to demonstrate mouth positions for diction, embouchure, etc.; in either case, this is only allowed if the faculty member is 8 ft. from the nearest student.
Students who have been asked by their teacher to remove their masks for a very limited amount of time in order to see mouth position (for the same reasons as those listed above)
When eating or drinking (which should be done away from others); do not bring food or drink (beyond bottled water) to consume in Howard Center or the Band Building.
Specialty masks may be required by ensemble directors and private instructors that allow for mask-wearing while playing an instrument or singing; in such cases, the School of Music will attempt to subsidize all or most of the cost of these items for its students. Students may wear such masks if they are not required, provided that they provide adequate protection.
Mesh masks or other face coverings that are designed to fulfill the mask-wearing mandate but that not to provide any real protection are prohibited. In such situations, you may be asked to leave until you have an adequate face mask. A refusal to leave or wear an adequate face mask can result in discipline through the Student Code of Conduct.
Likewise, in settings where physical distancing cannot be maintained, as determined by the University, your failure to wear a face mask places others at risk. In such situations, you may be asked to leave until you have a face mask. A refusal to leave or properly wear a face mask can result in discipline through the Student Code of Conduct. In cases where students refuse to wear a mask in class, faculty will immediately cancel class for the day and notify the College of Liberal Arts Dean's Office to refer the offending student for disciplinary action. As with all of these protocols, we are asking students to wear a mask for the safety of all of us in the School of Music, especially in our department in which many learning activities present a higher risk of spreading the coronavirus.
Practice Rooms and Rehearsal Spaces
Practice rooms and rehearsal spaces will be available to students on a first-come, first-served basis. Students can schedule a practice room using the "Practice Room Booking" link below. Practice room reservations will be open for 24-hours prior to the day of use, so students can reserve practice rooms 1 day in advance. For contact-tracing reasons, students will be assigned a practice room for which they'll be able to make reservations. For safety and sanitation reasons, students are allowed to reserve each room for 30 minute-sessions only. Students are allowed to reserve practice rooms for one (1) session for every instrument in which they are currently taking lessons or classes (any MUPV applied lessons or class instruction, such as Class Piano or Beginning Guitar). At 10pm each night, the remaining practice room slots will become available to all School of Music students and can be reserved without limit (but within reason). Last-minute room reservations are strongly discouraged.
At their scheduled practice room reservation time, students will ask one of the student workers (located in the Student Lounge, Computer Lab, or Band Office) to unlock their practice room. They will be given cleaning supplies to disinfect any high-touch area (piano keyboards, door knobs, light switches, etc.). After their 30 minute reservation has concluded, students will again thoroughly sanitize the practice space, and will return to let the student worker know that the room is empty and should now be locked. Students who do not adhere to this protocol will lose access to the practice rooms for the quarter.
Restrooms in both Howard Center and the Band Building will operate with reduced occupancy - please observe signage on the restroom door. Because the restrooms will likely be used more often due to increased hand-washing, be mindful of the amount of time you spend in the restroom so that it is available to others; however, please take the time to wash your hands often and thoroughly.
Student Lounge and Other Common Areas
The Student Lounge in Howard Center, the Band Office, the organization chapter room in the Band Building, and other common areas are closed to general use until further notice. Student organizations can still collect their mail from the Student Lounge during regular office hours; this space will be used by student workers to help maintain social distancing in the Music Office. Student groups that need to secure a meeting space should contact the School of Music Office before submitting any space reservation forms.
Students may briefly enter the Student Lounge to purchase drinks from the vending machines and to request assistance from the Student Worker inside. Do not stop by the Student Lounge to visit socially with a student worker - we need to reduce the number of people using this small space.
Practice Room Booking
Please see booking guidelines below before making a reservation.
By making a reservation you agree to abide by the guidelines below.
Now accepting reservations for practice rooms in Howard Center and Band Building!
Practice Room Booking Guidelines
SCHEDULING YOUR PRACTICE SESSION
Practice rooms are available for all students currently enrolled in music courses at Louisiana Tech. The Piano Practice Rooms is only available to students registered for applied piano lessons (major and minor); the Percussion Practice Room is only available to percussion students.
In order to take all necessary safety precautions related to the COVID-19 pandemic, practice rooms are currently only available during regular business hours (M-F, 8:00am - 5:00pm); most practice room sessions are limited to 50 mins. for so that cleaning can occur between uses.
Students are entitled to one reservation per day; students should make sure to reserve a practice room at least 24 hours before their intended practice session. Students who need additional practice sessions for secondary instruments or class instruction in piano/guitar/voice are entitled to one additional reservation per day.
Students can make day-of reservations for any open practice room that has not yet been reserved. Students who abuse the system and make numerous reservations or reserve more than one room at a time may lose their ability to reserve or use practice rooms in the future.
Appointments can be made 2 calendar days in advance; students who are more than 5 minutes late for their appointment will forfeit their appointment and their practice room will become available for another student to use. Students who are habitually late to their scheduled appointments may lose reservation privileges.
Students must make an appointment to use a practice room, even if they find an unoccupied practice room; if you find an empty practice room that you would like to use, you must still use the website to make an appointment since students with appointments always take precedence over those who do not.
To cancel or reschedule your appointment, please call (318) 257-5473. Since making an appointment renders a practice room unavailable for others to use at the time of your appointment, students who miss more than 1 appointment without notifying the School of Music Office will lose reservation privileges; students who habitually reschedule appointments may also lose reservation privileges.
DURING YOUR PRACTICE SESSION
At your appointment time, please check in with a student worker in the following locations:
For HCPA 2nd Floor Practice Rooms (HCPA 229 - Student Lounge)
For HCPA 3rd Floor Practice Rooms (HCPA 306 - Computer Lab; or HCPA 229 if lab proctor is not on duty)
For Band Building Practice Rooms (BB 101 - Band Office)
The student worker will escort you to your reserved practice room to unlock the door. They will provide you with cleaning supplies to clean the practice room before you use it. You must clean your practice room before you use it.
Condensation/spit from instruments should be emptied into a disposable towel or material that is designed to absorb a high amount of moisture (such as a “puppy pad”).
NEVER leave your belongings unattended in a practice room, not even for a short amount of time.
Only ONE (1) student is allowed in any practice room at any time without explicit written permission from a faculty member.
After you complete your practice session, you must check out with a student worker who will return with you to your practice room, provide you with cleaning supplies to clean the room after you have used it, and will then lock the door. Students are required to clean practice rooms before and after each use - students who leave without cleaning their practice room or those who refuse to clean before using a practice room will forfeit the right to use these facilities and/or will not be allowed to use them in the future.
Follow Us on Social Media
School of Music (and related) Social Media Accounts
Updated August 2020
Accounts listed in italics are student groups or are otherwise affiliated with the School of Music and its organizations, but they are not official accounts run by the SoM or the university.
School of Music (@LaTechMusic)
Band of Pride (@LaTechBOP)
LaTech Choirs (@latechchoirs)
Louisiana Tech Woodwind Studio (@TechWoodwinds)
LaTech Percussion (@LaTechPerc)
Louisiana Tech Concert Association (@TechLTCA)
KLPI 89.1 FM (@klpiradio)
LaTech NAfME (@LaTechNAfME)
Kappa Kappa Psi (@EtaXiLATech1919)
Louisiana Tech Music Society (@LTMS_official)
Phi Buda ruda: Phalam Stutter (@phalam_stutter)
Tau Beta Sigma - Zeta Phi (@ZetaPhiTBS1946)
TYBA - Alpha Chapter (@TYBA_Alpha)
Music Curricula/Programs of Study
Bachelor of Arts in Music
Concentration in Music Industry Studies (starting Fall 2020 pending final approval)
Minors in Music
Advising and Academic Affairs Forms
Student Organizations in Music
Below is a list of the various music-related student organizations with chapters at Louisiana Tech University. Although these organizations primarily function to support the work of the School of Music and we are very fortunate to have them on campus, they are not officially affiliated with, nor endorsed by, the university. Inquiries regarding membership and activities should be made directly to the organization.
As with all other student organizations on campus, hazing will not be tolerated; for more information, see University Regulations Section 3.01:20 of the Code of Student Rights, Responsibilities, and Behavior.
Ever Loyal Music Group | Ever Loyal Records | Tech Yeah Records (2020)
On-campus Record Label
Ever Loyal Music Group is an on-campus practicum experience open to all current students at Louisiana Tech who are interested in the music industry. Ever Loyal Records is our jazz and classical label, and Tech Yeah Records covers pop, rock, country, EDM, and other popular genres.
Website - Coming Soon
Kappa Kappa Psi (KKΨ) - EX Chapter (1980)
National Band Fraternity for Men
Kappa Kappa Psi is a national honorary fraternity devoted to members of university and college bands. Its purposes are concerned with assisting with and promoting the activities of university and college bands on a local level and nationwide, as well as to honor outstanding members in the field of college band music. The first chapter was founded in Stillwater, Oklahoma in 1919. The local chapter at Louisiana Tech is Eta Zi.
KLPI 89.1 FM (1973)
On-campus Radio Station/Student Organization
KLPI is Louisiana Tech’s campus based, student-run,alt-rock radio station. Specialty Programming occurs from 8PM-Midnight, allowing student members to create and host both talk and musical shows.
Louisiana Tech Music Society (2019)
The purpose of the Louisiana Tech Music Society is to advocate and recruit for the School of Music, allow Louisiana Tech students and local Ruston musicians to express themselves through various genres of music, and to make our presence known campus-wide. Any student of Louisiana Tech with a love for music is welcome to join.
Music Teachers' National Association (MTNA) Student Chapter
National Music Education Organization
MTNA collegiate chapters work to enhance students’ classroom studies by providing educational, musical, social and professional experiences. Each chapter’s goal is to acquaint students with professional opportunities and career options in the music field, while developing professional leadership skills.
The National Association for Music Education (NAfME)
National Music Education Organization
NAfME is one of the largest arts education organizations in the world with more than 75,000 active, retired, and pre-service teachers. NAfME Collegiate at Louisiana Tech is our department's professional membership for future music educators. At Tech, NAfME Collegiate sponsors a variety of activities throughout the year designed to assist anyone with an interest in the field of music education.
Phi Buda ruda - Phalam Stutter Chapter (1993)
National Percussion Fraternity
Phi Buda ruda is a nationally-recognized professional percussion fraternity whose purpose is to further the fraternal relationship amongst percussionists, promote and teach the art of percussion, and instill a feeling of brotherhood across the nation.
Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia (ΦΜΑ) - MN Chapter (1964)
National Social Music Fraternity for Men
Membership is open to all male students interested in music who have a 2.5 grade point average. According to the National Office, “The Object of this Fraternity shall be for the development of the best and truest fraternal spirit; the mutual welfare and brotherhood of musical students; the advancement of music in America and a loyalty to the Alma Mater. Sinfonians share a love of music that unites them as brothers with a common interest. The Fraternity teaches men to develop themselves and their art, not for the sake of art itself, but as a means of enriching the lives of others. Sinfonia provides many exciting opportunities for the development of social and leadership skills in an atmosphere of brotherhood and mutual support.”
Sigma Alpha Iota (ΣAI) - EK Chapter (1969)
International Professional Music Fraternity for Women
Sigma Alpha Iota is an international scholastic music fraternity for women. It is an organization for women who have a sincere interest in music, who wish to uphold the highest standards of music and give inspiration and encouragement to its members. Requirements for membership include the completion of a minimum of one music course, a 2.5 GPA and have a recommendation from a music faculty member.
Tau Beta Sigma (ΤΒΣ) - ΦZ Chapter
National Band Sorority
Tau Beta Sigma is a co-educational national honorary band sorority dedicated to serving college and band programs. The sorority operates primarily as a student service and leadership recognition society whose chief aim is to assist the Director of Bands in developing the leadership and enthusiasm that they require of their band. Our goals are not only to provide the band with organized and concentrated service activities, but to give our membership valid and wholesome experiences in organization, leadership, and social contacts.
Recital Forms and Documents
This template is for online/livestreamed recitals
(Note: this Word document may look strange in preview, but should be formatted correctly after download)
Louisiana Tech University provides its students with access to two (2) major online databases of recorded music:
Classical Music Library - Classical Music Library Streaming audio files (MPS or Windows Media 9) of tens of thousands of tracks of recorded orchestral, chamber, instrumental, vocal and choral music, opera and operetta, and music of the stage and screen, licensed from over 32 major labels, and searchable by composer, artist, conductor, ensemble, instrument, genre, period or label.
Naxos Music Library - Naxos Music Library Streaming audio files of over 85,000 tracks of Classical, Jazz, World, Folk and Chinese music from the Naxos, Marco Polo, and Da Capo catalogs. Media Player 9.0+ is required in addition to MS IE 6.0, Mozilla 1.7, Netscape 7.1 or Opera 7.53 on a PC (Windows 92SE/2000/XP/7) or Mac (OS 8.6+). Downloading or burning any of this music to compact disk is NOT permitted.
Click here to access these resources through the Prescott Memorial Library's website.
For more information regarding audio and/or video recordings of concerts, recitals, and other events in the School of Music, please e-mail email@example.com.
from The Compendium of U.S. Copyright Office Practices: Chapter 800
Note: Be sure to visit copyright.gov for the latest information about current copyright law in the United States.
Health and Safety Information for Musicians
Many of the items provided in the following list of resources were developed in part by our accrediting body, the National Association of Schools of Music (NASM), in partnership with the Performing Arts Medicine Association (PAMA). These resources are designed to provide essential information to help keep music students healthy and safe.
The Effects of Loud Noise on Musicians - New Orleans Musicians' Clinic & Assistance Foundation
Hearing Safety - Louisiana Tech Speech and Hearing Clinic
Occupational Noise Exposure - U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
How Loud Is Too Loud?
The amplitude (or volume) of a sound is measured in decibels (dB). As decibels increase, so does the risk of hearing damage. For every 3dB over 85dB, safe exposure time is reduced by half:
80 dB = 8 hours per day before hearing damage
83 dB = 4 hours per day
86 dB = 2 hours per day
89 dB = 1 hour per day
92 dB = 15 min. per day
101 dB = 4 min. per day
107 dB = 1 min. per day
PAINFUL & DANGEROUS (use hearing protection or avoid): 130-140 dB
Threshold of pain (140 dB)
Custom car stereos at full volume (140 dB)
Gunshots (140-150 dB)
Jackhammers (130 dB)
Ambulances (130 dB)
UNCOMFORTABLE (dangerous over 30 seconds): 120-129 dB
SOUND OVER 120 dB FOR ANY PERIOD OF TIME CAN CAUSE PERMANENT HEARING LOSS/IRREVERSIBLE DAMAGE TO THE COCHLEA
Loudest possible sound (190 dB)
Eardrum bursts (160 dB)
Chest begins to vibrate (150 dB)
Rock Concert (140-150dB)
Jet planes (during take off) (140 dB)
Full Symphony Orchestras (at loudest sections of standard rep) (120-137 dB)
Amplifier (rock) (@4-6 ft.) (120 dB)
High-hat cymbal strike (120 dB)
Nightclub with music / Loud bar (110 dB)
VERY LOUD (dangerous over 30 minutes): 80-119 dB
Smartphones and .mp3 players at full volume (110-115 dB)*
Note: Earbuds can produce sound up to 9 dB louder than on- or over-the-ear headphones at the same volume setting on smartphones and .mp3 players. You should NEVER listen to your smartphone with headphones with the volume set beyond 75% of the default maximum level.
You can limit the volume level on your smartphone:
Marching Band (115 dB) - permanent hearing damage possible in 30 sec. with no earplugs
Drum Line (110 dB) - permanent hearing damage possible in less than 30 sec. with no earplugs
Concerts (of any genre) (110 dB)
Sporting events (110 dB)
Tympani and bass drum (peak) (106 dB)
Orchestra Pit (100 dB)
Oboe (peak) (95-112 dB)
Motorcycle (95-110 dB)
Concert Band (average volume) (93 dB)
Flute (peak) (92-103 dB)
Piccolo (peak) (90-106 dB)
(French) Horn (peak) (90-106 dB)
Lawnmowers and power tools (90 dB)
Hair dryers (90 dB)
Trombone (peak) 85-114 dB)
Cello (peak) (85-111 dB)
Clarinet (peak) (85-114 dB)
Piano Fortissimo (84-103 dB)
Violin (peak) (82-92 dB)
SOUND OVER 85 dB FOR EXTENDED PERIODS CAN CAUSE PERMANENT HEARING LOSS
Alarm clocks (80 dB)
Freight Train (@ 110 ft. away) (80 dB)
Chamber music in small auditorium (75-85 dB)
LOUD: 70-79 dB
Traffic (70 dB)
Noisy restaurant (70 dB)
Vacuums (70 dB)
Fortissimo singer (@ 3 ft.) (70 dB)
MODERATE: 50-69 dB
Piano practice (60-70 dB)
Normal conversation (60 dB)
Dishwasher (60 dB)
Moderate rainfall (50 dB)
SOFT: 30-49 dB
Quiet Library (40 dB)
Soft Whisper (@ 5 ft. away) (30 dB)
FAINT: 1-29 dB
Leaves rustling (20 dB)
SILENT (Threshold of Hearing): 0 dB
Protecting Your Neuromusculoskeletal Health - NASM/PAMA
Repetitive Stress and Strain Injuries: Preventative Exercises for the Musician - Physical Medician and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
Protecting Your Vocal Health - NASM/PAMA
Taking Care of Your Voice - National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Teachers: Taking Care of Your Voice - National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Vocal Disorders - American Speech-Language-Hearing Assocation (ASHA)
Medications and Adverse Vocal Effects - Nemr, Kátia, et al. 2018. Journal of Voice, 32(4), 515.e29-39.
Environmental Noise Can Lead to Vocal Strain and Damage
Be aware of the volume of your surroundings - the louder a space is, the louder you must speak (or yell) to be heard, which could lead to vocal damage. The scale below describes the ease with which a conversation at arm's length can occur:
0-60 dB: Easily hold a conversation without raising voice
25-80 dB: Conversation possible, but you may need to raise your voice to be heard
50-95 dB: Conversation difficult, and you may need to shout to be heard
75-95 dB: Conversation very difficult and may become painful after a short time
100+ dB: Conversation nearly impossible
Infection Control and Musical Instruments - Louisiana Department of Health & Hospitals (Infections Disease Epidemiology Section)
Instrument Cleaning Guidelines and information - National Association of Music Merchants (NAMM)
Instrument Hygiene - University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)
Music Perfomance Anxiety in Classical Musicans - What We Know About What Works - Matei & Ginsborg, May 2017. BJPsych International, 14(2):33-35. (NIH)
Overcoming Performance Anxiety among Music Undergraduates - Zakaria, Musib, & Shariff, 2012. Procedia: Social and Behavioral Sciences, 90(2013): 226-234.
Smoking Cessation for Musicians - New Orleans Musicians' Clinic & Assistance Foundation
Dental Health and Musicians - New Orleans Musicians' Clinic & Assistance Foundation
Analysis of Wind Instruments on Orofacial Anatomy: A Review of Literature - Dixon and Chavez, 2019. Virginia Commonwealth University - VCU Scholars Compass. Poster.
Binge Drinking and Musicians - New Orleans Musicians' Clinic & Assistance Foundation
Health Insurance and Advocacy
American Federation of Musicians
Healthcare.gov - Affordable Care Act Marketplace
Health Insurance Navigation Tool (HINT) - Future of Music Coalition
MusicCares - Recording Academy (Grammy)
Please Note: Health and safety depend in large part on the personal decisions of informed individuals. According to our accrediting body, the National Association of Schools of Music (NASM), "Institutions have health and safety responsibilities, but fulfillment of these responsibilities cannot and will not ensure any specific individual’s health and safety. Too many factors beyond any institution’s control are involved. Individuals have a critically important role and each is personally responsible for avoiding risk and preventing injuries to themselves before, during, and after study or employment at any institution. The NASM standards in this section and applicable guidelines below, and institutional actions taken under their influence or independently do not relieve the individual from personal responsibility for appropriate, prudent, and safe behavior or action, nor do they shift such responsibility and liability for the consequences of inappropriate, imprudent, and/or unsafe behavior or action in any instance or over time to any institution, or to NASM." See the health and safety section of the most current version of the National Association of Schools of Music Handbook for more details.