Curriculum Vitae

George D. Cody

Geophysical Laboratory • Carnegie Institution of Washington

5251 Broad Branch Rd., N. W. • Washington, D. C., 20015

Phone:(202)478-8980 • Fax:(202)478-8901 • Email:


Research Interests

I have always believed that one could "read" the chemistry of terrestrial (and extra terrestrial) solids in order to extract Earth (and Solar Sytem) history- this is exactly why Earth sciences intrigued me- Earth sciences provided the history and samples - What I have spent my career doing is figuring out how to extract this information from chemistry. I focused on organic solids and I think this was a great bet! What I had to do is build the analytical facilities to address the fundamental questions. I believe that we now have what we need right now!

I have created a laboratory that is very well equipped to extract "history" (Earth or Solar System) from organic matter both from this planet and beyond. We have amazing analytical tools and there are amazing synchrotron facilities that we can use- now is an amazing time to be doing science!

In particular, I now see the origin of life as a fundamental problem related to Earth's origin and am focusing on this currently. I think that my group can make some progress here.

My research interests have grown to cover a wide range of problems that focus on determining molecular structure of complex matter (both organic and inorganic) and relating this information to Earth, Life, and Solar System history.

• 1) The Chemical History of the Early Solar System as recorded in molecular structure of extraterrestrial organic matter from chondritic meteorites, Interplanetary Dust Particles, and Comets.

• 2) Transition metal catalyzed abiotic dynamic organic reaction networks and the geochemical roots of life.

• 3) Unraveling ancient biochemistry in ancient organic fossils using Soft X-ray Microscopy and imaging

• 4) Understanding the relationship between structure and composition in silicate melts - quenched as glasses.

• 5) In general: Geochemical, Cosmochemical, Materials, and geobiological applications of Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (NMR), X-ray Absorption Near Edge Spectroscopy (XANES) and X-ray microscopy (STXM), pyrolysis Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS), and Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS).


B.S. Geology cum Laude 1982 University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA

Ph.D. Geosciences 1992 (Alan Davis and Patrick Hatcher, Advisers) The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

Post Doctoral Studies (1992-1994) (Robert Botto and Randall Winans, Advisers) Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory

Professional Experience

Senior Staff Scientist- Geochemist-Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution

of Washington, Sept. 1995-present

Acting Director- Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of

Washington, 2013-2018

Principal Investigator in charge of the W. M. Keck Solid State Nuclear Magnetic

Resonance Facility, Geophysical Laboratory, 1998-present

Principal Investigator in charge of the Molecular Organic Analysis Laboratory,

Geophysical Laboratory 1998-present.

Principal Investigator CIW NASA Astrobiology Institute, 2009-2014.

Enrico Fermi Scholar -Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory 1994-


Post Doctoral Researcher-Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory


Research Assistant-Department of Geosciences, Penn State University, 1988-


Research Technologist-Exxon Research and Engineering Co., 1985-1987

Research/Teaching Assistant-Dept. of Geology University of


Honors & Awards

Distinguished Visiting Scholar, California Institute of Technology, 2010

Best Oral Presentation: Fuel Chemistry at Nanoscales: Presented at the Hydrocarbon Resources Gordon Conference, Ventura, 1999

Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science Fellowship, GL 1996

Enrico Fermi Scholar, ANL 1994

Phi Kappa Phi-Graduate Honors Society, PSU 1991

Mining and Mineral Resources Fellowship, PSU 1991

Texaco Fellowship, PSU 1990

Professional Society Memberships

American Chemical Society, American Geophysical Union

Professional Service

• International Reviewer for ISAS/JAXA future missions, 2017-2018.

• Working Group Member for the World Premier International (WPI) Research Center Initiative, Earth Life Science Institute (ELSI) JSPS (2013-present)

• Chair of the External Advisory Board for the Center for Chemical Evolution (NSF) Georgia Institute of Technology (2012-present)

• Co-Organizer of the “Reconceptualizing the Origins of Life” conference, Washington DC, Fall 2015.

• Co Convener of The Organic Continuum: From the Interstellar Medium to early Solar System, High Definition Video-NASA Astrobiology Conference, “Workshop Without Walls” simultaneously held at 9 institutions spanning five time zones (2010)

• Member of the Mars Organic Taphonomy Working Group (2010)

• Imaging Review Panel, Canadian Light Source (2007)

• Chair of the Origins of Life Gordon Conference (2005)

• Member of the Limits of Life Task group, National Academy of Sciences 2004

• Chair of the APS Imaging review panel 2004-2006

• Member of the NASA Discovery Mission Review Panel 2006

• Member of the Mars Science Laboratory review panel 2004

• Associate Editor Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 2001-2004

• Co-Organizer, The Living Planet Symposium, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 2002

• Chair ACS Geochemistry Division 2001.

•ACS Geochemistry Program Chair- ACS Division of Geochemistry, 2000

•Symposium Co-organizer: Mineralogy at the Next Millennium: A Workshop in Honor of Charles Prewitt and Larry Finger, Carnegie Institution of Washington, April, 1999

• Member of CAPTEM 2001-2004

• Member of the Strategic Planning Group for LITU (Life in the Universe)

• Member of the NASA ASTID Review Panel (2003)

• Member of NASA Cosmochemistry Review Panels

• Member of the Review Panel for NASA Mars Scout Panel

• Member of Review Panels for the NASA Exobiology Program

• Member of the Review Panel for the NASA Planetary Instrument Definition and

Development Program (NASA-PIDDP) 2000

• Member of the Review Panel for NASA’s Origins of the Solar System-2000-2001

• Contributing member on the Task Group on Exploring Organic Environments in the Solar System (TGEOSS) 2000-2001 NAS and NRC

• Special Interest Group Representative for the Users Executive Committee,

National Synchrotron Light Source 1998-2000

•Work Shop Co-organizer: Polymer Applications of Soft X-ray Spectromicroscopy , NIST, May 1998

•Symposium co-organizer: American Chemical Society

The Macromolecular Structure of Coal ACS Annual Spring Meeting, 1997

The Role of Water in Organic Reactions ACS Annual Spring Meeting 1999

Adviser to Post Doctoral Fellows

Dr. Jay Brandes (1996-1998) Assoc. Prof. Skidaway Oceanographic Institute

Dr. Timothy Filley (1997-2000) Prof. Purdue University

Dr. Joakim Bebie (1999-2000) self-employed artist in Sweden

Dr. Anurag Sharma (1999-2002) Assit. Prof. RPI

Dr. C. Kevin Boyce- Joint NRC-NAI fellow Harvard-CIW (2001-2003) Prof. U. Stanford

Dr. Sung Keun Lee (2002-2004) Prof. Seoul National University

Dr, Hikaru Yabuta (2005-2008) Assoc. Prof. Hiroshima University

Dr. Matthew Schrenk (2005-2008) Assoc. Prof. Michigan State University

Dr. Nick Platts (2006-2008) Engineer, Nelson Environmental Remediation Corp.

Dr. Dionysis Fostouskos (2006-) GL Research Scientist

Dr. Alex Smirnov (2006-2008) (Lone Star College, Tx)

Dr. Shohei Ohara (2008-2013) University of Leeds, UK

Dr. Neal S. Gupta (2008-2010) Assist. Prof. Byrant University.

Dr. Yoko Kebukawa (2009-2013) Assoc. Prof. Yokohama University.

Dr. Ying Wang (2010-2012) Res. Prof. Georgia Institute of Technology

Dr. Chris Glein (2012-2014) South West Reseach Institute.

Dr. Codi Lazar (2011-2013) Assist. Prof Cal. State. Univ. San Bernadino.

Dr. Mathieu Galvez (2012-2014) ETH, Zurich

Dr. Irena Mamajanov (2013-2015) Tokyo Institute of Technology

Dr. Mike Ackerson (2015-2017) RPI, Smithsonian Nat. Hist.

Dr. Daniel Eldridge (2015-2018) Berkeley

Adviser/Mentor to NSF (BS) and Sci-Magnet (HS) Summer Interns

Ms. Amy-Marie Accardi (RPI,WHOI)

Mr. Jacob Waldbauer (Dartmouth, Stanford, MIT, Asst. Prof, U Chicago)

Ms. Stacia Desantis (Dartmouth)

Ms. Beth-Ann Parker (Huntington College)

Ms. Rebekah Miller (Swarthmore)

Ms. Ashley Smith (McGill University)

Mr. Stephen Weinberger (Millerstown University-Villinova)

Mr. Brian Smith (Salisbury State College)

Ms. Miriam Hinman (Harvard University)

Ms. Emily Heying (Wartburg College)

Ms. Justine Hart (University of Iowa)

Ms. Elisabeth Stranges (Montgomery Blair HS)

Ms. Jean Li (Montgomery Blair HS-Columbia-Caltech)-Intel Finalist

Mr. Stephen Lin (Montgomery Blair HS-Univ. Penn)

Ms. Elena Chung (Montgomery Blair HS-Univ. Maryland)-Intel Semi-Finalist

Ms. Minh-Phuong Huyng-Le (Montgomery Blair HS-MIT)-Intel Finalist

Mr. Timothy Peng (Montgomery Blair HS-MIT)-Intel Semi-Finalist

Ms. Katherine Jin (Montgomery High School-Columbia)- Siemens Semi-Finalist

Ms. Elena Polozova (Montgomery Blair HS-Williams)

Mr. Robert Martin (Montgomery Blair HS) Siemens Semi-Finalist.

Ms. Salima Bahri (Barnard-MIT)

Mr. Christopher Winter (Carleton College)

Ms. Juliana Lu-Yang (Montgomery Blair HS-Stanford) Regenneron top 300.

Ms. Hope Harrison (St. Andrews Episcopal HS-UVA).

Mr. Giovanni Amodeo (Walt Whitman HS.)

Ms Carolyn Beaumont (Potomac School HS-Harvard) Regenneron Finalist, 5th place.

Mr. Eli Harrison (Landon School HS).

Graduate Students Thesis Committee Participation

Ms. Katrina Brody (University of Maryland) M.S. Geosciences 2005. Currently employed with the National Science Foundation

Dr. Andy Czaja (UCLA), Ph. D. Geosciences 2007 Assistant Professor University of Cinncinati.

Dr. Katerina Klotchko (University of Maryland) Ph.D. Geosciences 2009.

Dr. Harris Mason (SUNY Stony Brook) Ph. D. Geosciences 2009

Dr. Kristin Miller (University of Maryland), Ph. D. Geosciences 2011

Dr. Nico Kueter (ETH Zurich), Ph.D. Geosciences 2018