George D. Cody
Geophysical Laboratory • Carnegie Institution of Washington
5251 Broad Branch Rd., N. W. • Washington, D. C., 20015
Phone:(202)478-8980 • Fax:(202)478-8901 • Email: email@example.com
I have always believed that one could "read" the chemistry of terrestrial (and extra terrestrial) solids in order to extract Earth (and Solar Sytem) history- this is exactly why Earth sciences intrigued me- Earth sciences provided the history and samples - What I have spent my career doing is figuring out how to extract this information from chemistry. I focused on organic solids and I think this was a great bet! What I had to do is build the analytical facilities to address the fundamental questions. I believe that we now have what we need right now!
I have created a laboratory that is very well equipped to extract "history" (Earth or Solar System) from organic matter both from this planet and beyond. We have amazing analytical tools and there are amazing synchrotron facilities that we can use- now is an amazing time to be doing science!
In particular, I now see the origin of life as a fundamental problem related to Earth's origin and am focusing on this currently. I think that my group can make some progress here.
My research interests have grown to cover a wide range of problems that focus on determining molecular structure of complex matter (both organic and inorganic) and relating this information to Earth, Life, and Solar System history.
• 1) The Chemical History of the Early Solar System as recorded in molecular structure of extraterrestrial organic matter from chondritic meteorites, Interplanetary Dust Particles, and Comets.
• 2) Transition metal catalyzed abiotic dynamic organic reaction networks and the geochemical roots of life.
• 3) Unraveling ancient biochemistry in ancient organic fossils using Soft X-ray Microscopy and imaging
• 4) Understanding the relationship between structure and composition in silicate melts - quenched as glasses.
• 5) In general: Geochemical, Cosmochemical, Materials, and geobiological applications of Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (NMR), X-ray Absorption Near Edge Spectroscopy (XANES) and X-ray microscopy (STXM), pyrolysis Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS), and Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS).
B.S. Geology cum Laude 1982 University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA
Ph.D. Geosciences 1992 (Alan Davis and Patrick Hatcher, Advisers) The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA
Post Doctoral Studies (1992-1994) (Robert Botto and Randall Winans, Advisers) Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory
Senior Staff Scientist- Geochemist-Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution
of Washington, Sept. 1995-present
Acting Director- Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of
Principal Investigator in charge of the W. M. Keck Solid State Nuclear Magnetic
Resonance Facility, Geophysical Laboratory, 1998-present
Principal Investigator in charge of the Molecular Organic Analysis Laboratory,
Geophysical Laboratory 1998-present.
Principal Investigator CIW NASA Astrobiology Institute, 2009-2014.
Enrico Fermi Scholar -Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory 1994-
Post Doctoral Researcher-Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory
Research Assistant-Department of Geosciences, Penn State University, 1988-
Research Technologist-Exxon Research and Engineering Co., 1985-1987
Research/Teaching Assistant-Dept. of Geology University of
Honors & Awards
Distinguished Visiting Scholar, California Institute of Technology, 2010
Best Oral Presentation: Fuel Chemistry at Nanoscales: Presented at the Hydrocarbon Resources Gordon Conference, Ventura, 1999
Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science Fellowship, GL 1996
Enrico Fermi Scholar, ANL 1994
Phi Kappa Phi-Graduate Honors Society, PSU 1991
Mining and Mineral Resources Fellowship, PSU 1991
Texaco Fellowship, PSU 1990
Professional Society Memberships
American Chemical Society, American Geophysical Union
• International Reviewer for ISAS/JAXA future missions, 2017-2018.
• Working Group Member for the World Premier International (WPI) Research Center Initiative, Earth Life Science Institute (ELSI) JSPS (2013-present)
• Chair of the External Advisery Board for the Center for Chemical Evolution (NSF) Georgia Institute of Technology (2012-present)
• Co-Organizer of the “Reconceptualizing the Origins of Life” conference, Washington DC, Fall 2015.
• Co Convener of The Organic Continuum: From the Interstellar Medium to early Solar System, High Definition Video-NASA Astrobiology Conference, “Workshop Without Walls” simultaneously held at 9 institutions spanning five time zones (2010)
• Member of the Mars Organic Taphonomy Working Group (2010)
• Imaging Review Panel, Canadian Light Source (2007)
• Chair of the Origins of Life Gordon Conference (2005)
• Member of the Limits of Life Task group, National Academy of Sciences 2004
• Chair of the APS Imaging review panel 2004-2006
• Member of the NASA Discovery Mission Review Panel 2006
• Member of the Mars Science Laboratory review panel 2004
• Associate Editor Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 2001-2004
• Co-Organizer, The Living Planet Symposium, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 2002
• Chair ACS Geochemistry Division 2001.
•ACS Geochemistry Program Chair- ACS Division of Geochemistry, 2000
•Symposium Co-organizer: Mineralogy at the Next Millennium: A Workshop in Honor of Charles Prewitt and Larry Finger, Carnegie Institution of Washington, April, 1999
• Member of CAPTEM 2001-2004
• Member of the Strategic Planning Group for LITU (Life in the Universe)
• Member of the NASA ASTID Review Panel (2003)
• Member of NASA Cosmochemistry Review Panels
• Member of the Review Panel for NASA Mars Scout Panel
• Member of Review Panels for the NASA Exobiology Program
• Member of the Review Panel for the NASA Planetary Instrument Definition and
Development Program (NASA-PIDDP) 2000
• Member of the Review Panel for NASA’s Origins of the Solar System-2000-2001
• Contributing member on the Task Group on Exploring Organic Environments in the Solar System (TGEOSS) 2000-2001 NAS and NRC
• Special Interest Group Representative for the Users Executive Committee,
National Synchrotron Light Source 1998-2000
•Work Shop Co-organizer: Polymer Applications of Soft X-ray Spectromicroscopy , NIST, May 1998
•Symposium co-organizer: American Chemical Society
The Macromolecular Structure of Coal ACS Annual Spring Meeting, 1997
The Role of Water in Organic Reactions ACS Annual Spring Meeting 1999
Adviser to Post Doctoral Fellows
Dr. Jay Brandes (1996-1998) Assoc. Prof. Skidaway Oceanographic Institute
Dr. Timothy Filley (1997-2000) Prof. Purdue University
Dr. Joakim Bebie (1999-2000) self-employed artist in Sweden
Dr. Anurag Sharma (1999-2002) Assit. Prof. RPI
Dr. C. Kevin Boyce- Joint NRC-NAI fellow Harvard-CIW (2001-2003) Prof. U. Stanford
Dr. Sung Keun Lee (2002-2004) Prof. Seoul National University
Dr, Hikaru Yabuta (2005-2008) Assoc. Prof. Hiroshima University
Dr. Matthew Schrenk (2005-2008) Assoc. Prof. Michigan State University
Dr. Nick Platts (2006-2008) Engineer, Nelson Environmental Remediation Corp.
Dr. Dionysis Fostouskos (2006-) GL Research Scientist
Dr. Alex Smirnov (2006-2008) (SUNY Stony Brook)
Dr. Shohei Ohara (2008-2013) University of Leeds, UK
Dr. Neal S. Gupta (2008-2010) Assist. Prof. Byrant University.
Dr. Yoko Kebukawa (2009-2013) Assoc. Prof. Yokohama University.
Dr. Ying Wang (2010-2012) Res. Prof. Georgia Institute of Technology
Dr. Chris Glein (2012-2014) South West Reseach Institute.
Dr. Codi Lazar (2011-2013) Assist. Prof Cal. State. Univ. San Bernadino.
Dr. Mathieu Galvez (2012-2014) ETH, Zurich
Dr. Irena Mamajanov (2013-2015) Tokyo Institute of Technology
Dr. Mike Ackerson (2015-2017) RPI, Smithsonian Nat. Hist.
Dr. Daniel Eldridge (2015-2018) Berkeley
Adviser/Mentor to NSF and Sci-Magnet Summer Interns
Ms. Amy-Marie Accardi (RPI,WHOI)
Mr. Jacob Waldbauer (Dartmouth, Stanford, MIT, Asst. Prof, U Chicago)
Ms. Stacia Desantis (Dartmouth)
Ms. Beth-Ann Parker (Huntington College)
Ms. Rebekah Miller (Swarthmore)
Ms. Ashley Smith (McGill University)
Mr. Stephen Weinberger (Millerstown University-Villinova)
Mr. Brian Smith (Salisbury State College)
Ms. Miriam Hinman (Harvard University)
Ms. Emily Heying (Wartburg College)
Ms. Justine Hart (University of Iowa)
Ms. Elisabeth Stranges (Montgomery Blair HS)
Ms. Jean Li (Montgomery Blair HS-Columbia-Caltech)-Intel Finalist
Mr. Stephen Lin (Montgomery Blair HS-Univ. Penn)
Ms. Elena Chung (Montgomery Blair HS-Univ. Maryland)-Intel Semi-Finalist
Ms. Minh-Phuong Huyng-Le (Montgomery Blair HS-MIT)-Intel Finalist
Mr. Timothy Peng (Montgomery Blair HS-MIT)-Intel Semi-Finalist
Ms. Katherine Jin (Montgomery High School-Columbia)- Siemens Semi-Finalist
Ms. Elena Polozova (Montgomery Blair HS-Williams)
Mr. Robert Martin (Montgomery Blair HS) Siemens Semi-Finalist.
Ms. Salima Bahri (Barnard-MIT)
Mr. Christopher Winter (Carleton College)
Ms. Juliana Lu-Yang (Montgomery Blair HS-Stanford) Regenneron Semi-Finalist.
Ms. Hope Harrison (St. Andrews Episcopal HS-UVA).
Mr. Giovanni Amodeo (Walt Whitman HS.)
Ms Carolyn Beaumont (Potomac School HS).
Mr. Eli Harrison (Landon School HS).
Graduate Students Thesis Committee Participation
Ms. Katrina Brody (University of Maryland) M.S. Geosciences 2005. Currently employed with the National Science Foundation
Dr. Andy Czaja (UCLA), Ph. D. Geosciences 2007 Assistant Professor University of Cinncinati.
Dr. Katerina Klotchko (University of Maryland) Ph.D. Geosciences 2009.
Dr. Harris Mason (SUNY Stony Brook) Ph. D. Geosciences 2009
Dr. Kristin Miller (University of Maryland), Ph. D. Geosciences 2011