S3 Larynx and Pharynx - List of Structures

Osteology

    • Hyoid bone
      • Greater horns (cornu)
      • Lesser horns (cornu)
    • Sphenoid bone
      • Medial pterygoid plate
        • Hamulus
    • Temporal bone
      • Styloid process
    • Occipital bone
      • Pharyngeal tubercle
    • Mandible
      • Alveolar process
      • Mylohyoid line

Pharynx

    • Nasopharynx (margins: choanae - soft palate)
    • Oropharynx (margins: soft palate - superior margin of epiglottis & pharyngo-epiglottic folds)
      • Uvula
      • Root of tongue & lingual tonsil
    • Laryngopharynx (margins: superior margin of epiglottis & pharyngo-epiglottic folds - inferior margin of cricoid cartilage)
      • Epiglottis
      • Entrance to esophagus

Muscles of the pharynx

    • Stylopharyngeus m.
    • Superior pharyngeal constrictor m.
    • Middle pharyngeal constrictor m.
    • Inferior pharyngeal constrictor m.
      • Thyropharyngeal part
      • Cricopharyngeal part

Neurovascular structures of the pharynx

    • Pharyngeal (neural) plexus
      • Glossopharyngeal n. (CN IX)
      • Vagus n. (CN X)
    • Ascending pharyngeal a. (br. of external carotid a.)

Larynx

    • Ligaments and membranes:
      • Thyrohyoid membrane
      • Quadrangular membrane
        • Vestibular ligament
      • Conus elasticus
        • (Median) cricothyroid ligament
        • Vocal ligament (cord)
    • Cartilages:
      • Epiglottic cartilage
      • Thyroid cartilage
      • Cricoid cartilage
        • Cricothyroid joint
      • Arytenoid cartilage
    • Muscles:
      • Cricothyroid m.
      • Posterior crico-arytenoid m.
      • Transverse arytenoid m.
      • Oblique arytenoid m.
      • Lateral crico-arytenoid m.
      • Thyro-arytenoid m.
      • Vocalis m. (and underlying vocal ligament)
    • Piriform recess (fossa)
    • Laryngeal cavity
      • Laryngeal inlet
        • Ary-epiglottic fold
        • Interarytenoid notch
      • Laryngeal vestibule
      • Vestibular fold (false vocal fold)
        • Rima vestibuli
      • Laryngeal ventricle
      • Vocal fold (true vocal fold)
        • Rima glottidis (glottis)
      • Infraglottic cavity

Trachea

    • Cricotracheal ligament
    • Tracheal cartilages
    • Trachealis (muscle)

Neurovasculature

    • Vagus n. (CN X)
      • Superior laryngeal n.
        • External br.
        • Internal br.
      • Recurrent laryngeal n.
    • Glossopharyngeal n. (CN IX)
    • Cervical sympathetic trunk
      • Superior cervical ganglion
      • Middle cervical ganglion
      • Inferior cervical ganglion
    • Internal jugular v.
    • Common carotid a.
      • Carotid sinus
      • Carotid body
      • Carotid bifurcation
        • Internal carotid a.
        • External carotid a.
          • Ascending pharyngeal a.
          • Superior thyroid a.
            • Superior laryngeal a.
    • Thyrocervical trunk
      • Inferior thyroid a.
        • Inferior laryngeal a.