S12 Pterygopalatine Fossa and Palate - List of Structures

Osteology

  • Palatine bone
    • Pyramidal process
    • Horizontal plate
      • Lesser palatine foramina
      • Posterior nasal spine
  • Zygomatic bone
    • Zygomaticofacial foramen
  • Maxilla
    • Alveolar foramina
    • Zygomatic process
    • Canine fossa
    • Infra-orbital foramen
    • Incisive foramen
  • Temporal bone
    • Hiatus for greater petrosal n.
    • Carotid canal
      • Internal opening of carotid canal
  • Sphenoid
    • Foramen rotundum
    • Pterygoid canal
    • Pterygoid hamulus
  • External surface of basicranium
    • Greater palatine foramen
    • Foramen lacerum
  • Pterygomaxillary fissure
  • Pterygopalatine fossa
  • Bony nasal cavity
    • Sphenopalatine foramen

Arteries

    • Maxillary a.
      • Posterior superior alveolar a.
      • Infra-orbital a.
        • Anterior superior alveolar a.
      • Descending palatine a.
        • Greater palatine a.
        • Lesser palatine a.
      • Artery of pterygoid canal
      • Sphenopalatine a.
    • Ascending palatine a.

Nerves

    • Maxillary n. (V2)
      • Posterior superior alveolar brs.
      • Infra-orbital n.
        • Middle superior alveolar brs.
        • Anterior superior alveolar brs.
      • Superior dental plexus (from superior alveolar brs.)
      • Greater palatine n.
        • Posterior inferior nasal nn.
      • Lesser palatine n.
      • Posterior superior lateral nasal brs.
      • Posterior superior medial nasal brs.
      • Nasopalatine n.
    • Mandibular n. (V3)
    • Nerve of pterygoid canal
    • Pterygopalatine ganglion
    • Glossopharyngeal n. (CN IX)

Muscles

    • Levator veli palatini m.
    • Tensor veli palatini m.
    • Palatine aponeurosis
    • Palatoglossus m.
    • Palatopharyngeus m.
    • Musculus uvulae

Lymphatics

    • Pharyngeal tonsil
    • Palatine tonsil

Miscellaneous

    • Pharyngeal opening of pharyngotympanic (auditory) tube
    • Torus tubarius
      • Salpingopharyngeal arch
    • Palatoglossal arch
    • Palatopharyngeal arch