Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel registered over 350 patents during his lifetime, with most of his fortune coming from explosives - nitroglycerin, dynamite, and blasting gelatin. Some speculate that seeing himself referred to as "the merchant of death" in the newspaper is what prompted him to will a large part of his money to establish and fund the Nobel Prizes in physics, chemistry, physiology/medicine, literature, and peace. Whatever his reasons, the prizes, first awarded in 1901, have become the most prestigious in the world. Since 1969, the Sveriges Rikshank Prize in Economic Sciences in memory of Alfred Nobel has been included with the annual awards. Some 1,000 people submit names for consideration, each with a written proposal detailing the nominee's worthiness. Nominating oneself means automatic disqualification. The names of the 2016 winners are fresh off the press - read on!