Sahadeva. one of the five Pandava brothers; twin of Nakula; son of Madri and the Ashwins.
Sahasranama. "Thousand-Names" recitation of the thousand names of a deity.
Sairandhri. identity used by Draupadi disguised as a servant in Virata's court.
Samanta Panchaka. five lakes created by the blood of kshatriyas killed by Parashurama.
Samba. son of Krishna.
samshaptaka. oath sworn by warriors to be victorious or die in battle.
Sanjaya. charioteer and adviser to King Dhritarashtra.
Saptarishis. Seven Rishis (Seven Sages).
sari. a cloth drape worn as women's clothing.
Sarpa Satra. serpent sacrifice intended to kill all the snakes of the earth.
Satyaki. Yadava warrior; he fought for the Pandavas during the war.
Satyavan. son of a king who lost his kingdom; husband of Savitri.
Satyavati. wife of Shantanu; mother of Chitrangada, Vichitravirya, and also of Vyasa.
Savitri. princess of Madra; she chose Satyavan to be her husband.
Shachi. consort of the god Indra.
Shakti-spear. weapon given by Indra to Karna, powered by Shakti.
Shakuni. brother of Gandhari; maternal uncle of Duryodhana.
Shalva. lover of Amba; king of Shalva, a kingdom in western India.
Shalya. king of Madra; brother of Madri; uncle of Nakula and Sahadeva.
Shantanu. king of Hastinapura; husband of Ganga and of Satyavati; father of Bhishma.
Shatanika. son of Nakula and Draupadi.
Shesha-Naga. cosmic naga on whom Vishnu rests; Balarama is his avatar.
Shikhandin. son of King Drupada; born as Drupada's daughter, he was Amba reborn.
Shikhandini. daughter born to King Drupada; later a man, Shikhandin.
Shishupala. king of Chedi; cousin of Krishna.
Shiva. god of destruction; one of the supreme divinities with Brahma and Vishnu.
Shrutakarma. son of Arjuna and Draupadi; youngest of the Upapandavas.
Shrutasena. son of Sahadeva and Draupadi.
Shurasena. Yadava ruler; father of Kunti and Vasudeva, Krishna's father.
Sindhu. kingdom of northern India on the Sindhu (Indus) river.
Sita. princess of Mithila who married Rama; her story is told in the Ramayana.
Sthuna. yaksha who exchanged gender with Shikhandini; he became Sthuni.
Sthuni. yakshini; formerly the yaksha Sthuna.
Subala. king of Gandhara; father of Gandhari and Shakuni.
Subhadra. sister of Krishna; wife of Arjuna; mother of Abhimanyu.
Sudarshana-Chakra. supernatural discus used as a weapon by Krishna and Vishnu.
Sudeshna. wife of Virata; mother of Uttara and Uttarai.
Sughada. mother of Yuyutsu; maid of Gandhari.
Sugriva. brother of Vali; king of the monkeys of Kishkindha; ally of Rama.
Sunda. asura; brother of Upasunda; lover of the apsara Tilottama.
sura. alcoholic beverage.
Surya. sun-god; father of Karna.
Susharman. king of Trigarta; ally of Duryodhana.
Sutasoma. son of Bhima and Draupadi.
swayamvara. ceremony in which a woman chooses her groom from competing suitors.