Teeth and Gums
How to Deal With the Tooth Sensitivity
Ability to bite on hot, cold, sweet and sour foods seems like a blessing when you have sensitive teeth. The first thing that you are going to have to do is to visit your dentist but you may wonder about something that you can do to contain the pain in the meantime.
Reasons for tooth sensitivity
First of all, you need to know what causes tooth sensitivity. You are going to have tooth sensitivity when you have exposed dentin due to enamel weakening or gum recession. Gum recession can result in the exposure of root area which is not covered by enamel. However, it is covered by a rather weak material which is also called cementum. The wearing of cementum or enamel leads to the exposure of nerves inside the tooth, leading to the hypersensitivity of the tooth. Some of the major reasons for the exposure of inner layers of teeth may include:
- Abrasive brushing of teeth
- Use of toothpaste with harsh materials
- Diet containing acidic foods
- Acid reflux
- Grinding of teeth
- Excessive use of teeth whitening products
- Dry mouth
Treating tooth sensitivity
Good news is that you can get tooth sensitivity treated. If you feel sensitivity to hot, cold, sugary, sour or acidic foods, you need to talk to your dentist. Based on your case, your dentist may suggest you the use of desensitizing toothpaste. Fluoride gel toothpaste is another option that your dentist may choose to go for. If you are having severe kind of sensitivity in your teeth, your dentist may decide to fill your tooth, do gum graft or perform a root canal therapy.
Of course you are going to need to bring a change in the food intake. You will need to avoid all those foods which can make tooth sensitivity severe. Normally, your dentist is going to suggest you to avoid acidic foods and drinks because they can dissolve tooth enamel. Furthermore, you will also need to say goodbye to alcohol consumption because it can be deadly dangerous for the dental health.
In the end, you have to make sure that you are taking good care of your oral hygiene. If you are having tooth sensitivity because you have excessive plaque on your teeth, you will need to get your teeth cleaned professionally. If you brush your teeth abrasively, you will need to learn about right technique to brush your teeth. In any case, you are going to need to contact your dentist for proper guidance.
Dealing With the Chipped or Cracked Tooth
The chip in the tooth may not cause any pain to the tooth unless the chip is big enough to expose inner layer, which contains nerves, of the tooth. This exposure of nerves causes increased pain and sensitivity in the tooth when you chew your foods or drink cold or hot beverages. Moreover, a chip on the pointy chewing side of the back teeth is known as a broken cusp. This chip is rarely painful but you have to get it checked by the dentist. A crown or dental onlay can help you get this broken cusp treated.
A crack in the tooth might only affect the tooth enamel or it might affect the entire tooth in case the crack runs down to the tooth’s root. When the entire tooth is affected, you may feel pain when you chew your foods or drink hot and cold beverages. Here, you have to make sure that you see the dentist as soon as you notice a crack in your tooth.
Common reasons for chipped or cracked tooth
The possible causes of chipped or cracked tooth are worth mentioning here.
- The first reason for the chips or cracks in the teeth is cavity. Cavity weakens the tooth enamel enough to make it unable to sustain any pressure which comes from chewing or biting.
- Biting down on anything hard such as ice or other non-food or food items can result in the cracks or chips on teeth.
- Trauma on the face while playing impact sports or due to falling down the ground can result in cracks and chips.
- Poor oral hygiene can result in the formation and consolidation of plaque and tartar on the teeth. This plaque and tartar can be quite acidic and it can result in the chips and cracks.
- If you have the habit of grinding your teeth, you are essentially putting pressure on the chewing surfaces of your teeth. This grinding can result in the thinning and weakening of tooth enamel on the chewing sides of the teeth.
Treatment for chipped tooth
Small chip is of no big concern but you still need to visit your dentist because you don’t want this problem to turn into something more serious. Your dentist will polish the tooth. However, you are going to need a filling or a crown if the ship is of medium size. The filling or crown restores the functionality of the tooth. And if the chip is a bigger one, the inner nerves of the tooth may get exposed. In this scenario, quicker treatment may be required. You may need a root canal treatment to get the damaged nerves removed and then your dentist will seal the tooth with a crown.
After the treatment, you have to make sure that you are taking care of your teeth in the normal way. Brushing and flossing twice on daily basis is the minimum requirement. Moreover, you will need to avoid everything which can be dangerous for your teeth.
Treatment for cracked tooth
The simple crack on the tooth is also known as craze line and it is normally not something to worry about. However, you still need to see your dentist.
The crack can become serious it is extends down to the root. The crack also becomes serious when it is extended to the inner layers of the tooth. This deep crack exposes the vulnerable layers of the tooth, leading to extreme pain and tooth sensitivity.
Another type of crack is the vertical one. This type of crack usually appears in the molars. This crack is normally a serious one so you have to make sure that you visit your dentist to get a treatment for it. And if this crack is on the roots, you will feel extreme pain and swelling due to inflammation in the gum tissues caused by the crack.
To get this problem treated, you can either go for the dental filling or you can get a crown. Tooth bonding is another option to treat the crack.