Job-Market Paper

When is Contact Effective? Evidence on Refugee-Hosting and Far-Right Support in France. Paris School of Economics Working Paper. No. halshs-02982827.

Does exposure to refugees change the political preferences of natives towards far-right parties, and how does this change in preferences occur? This paper examines the political economy of refugee-hosting. Using the opening of refugee centers in France between 1995 and 2017, I show that voting for far-right parties in cities with such opening between two presidential elections falls by about 2 percent. This is most likely explained by far-right voters not voting rather than reporting their votes on other candidates, with the left-wing party benefiting from this decrease. The drop in far-right voting is higher in municipalities with a small population, working in the primary and secondary sectors, with low educational levels, and few migrants. I show that this negative effect cannot be explained by an economic channel, but rather by a composition channel, through natives' avoidance, and a contact channel, through natives' exposure to refugees. I provide suggestive evidence that too-disruptive exposure to refugees, as measured by the magnitude of the inflows, the cultural distance, and the media salience of refugees, can mitigate the beneficial effects of contact on reducing far-right support.

Publication

Rival Guests or Defiant Hosts? The Local Economic Impact of Hosting Refugees (with Cyprien Batut), Journal of Economic Geography (2022).

This paper investigates the local economic cost of hosting refugees. Using administrative data in France, we show that the opening of small housing centers for refugees decreases the economic activity in hosting municipalities. We demonstrate that this downturn is related to a decline in the population by around two percent due to fewer people moving to hosting municipalities. We show that this avoidance behavior of natives results from prejudices, and is unlikely to be driven by a labor market supply shock from the arrival of refugees. We also estimate the aggregate cost of hosting refugees.

Working papers

Media Coverage of Immigration and the Polarization of Attitudes (with Jérôme Valette). Submitted. Paris School of Economics Working Paper No. halshs-03322229.

This paper investigates the causal impact of media on attitudes toward immigration. We combine data on French television news programs with monthly individual panel data on attitudes from 2013 to 2017. Information on respondents' preferred television channel allows us to exploit within-individual-channel variations over time that tackles usual concerns on ideological self-selection into channels. We find that increasing the salience of immigration does not necessarily worsen natives’ attitudes toward immigration, but rather increases polarization by pushing moderates to the two extremes of the distribution, depending on their initial attitudes. We show that these results are robust to controlling for differences in the framing of immigration-related subjects across television channels. Framing is found to drive attitudes in specific directions depending on its nature.

It's a man's world: culture of abuse, #MeToo and worker flows (with Cyprien Batut and Caroline Coly). Dondena Working Paper (Università Bocconi). No. 149.

Sexual harassment and sexist behaviors are pervasive issues in the workplace. Around 12% of women in France report having been subjected to toxic behaviors at work in the last year, including sexist comments, moral, sexual, or physical harassment, or violence. Such toxic behaviors can not only deter women from entering the labor market but can also lead them to leave toxic workplaces at their own expense. This article is one of the first to examine the relationship between toxic behaviors and worker flows. We use the #MeToo movement as an exogenous shock to France's workplace norms regarding toxic behaviors. We combine survey data on reported toxic behaviors in firms with exhaustive administrative data to create a measure of toxic behaviors risk for all French establishments. We use a triple difference strategy comparing female and male worker flows in high-risk versus low-risk firms before and after #MeToo. We find that #MeToo increased women's relative quit rates in higher-risk workplaces, while men's worker flows remained unaffected. This supports the existence of a double penalty for women working in high-risk environments, as they are not only more frequently the victims of toxic behaviors, but are also forced to quit their jobs in order to avoid them.

Projects

Survey on a representative sample of 2,700 refugee respondents in France, in partnership with the French Ministry of the Interior. "Survey on the Origin and Perspectives of Refugees in France"- Project Manager 2017-2020 (with Hillel Rapoport, Benjamin Michallet, and Biagio Speciale).

Research Grants

(2.2K€) EUR PgSE, with Caroline Coly and Cyprien Batut. 2021.

(44.8K€) Institut Convergences Migrations, 5th year Doctoral Contract. 2021 - 2022

(339K€) Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR). The role of contact between groups in the political reactions to immigration: quantitative analyses of European countries. Co-investigator; coordinator: Hillel Rapoport. 2020 - 2025

(1K€) CEPREMAP (CEntre Pour la Recherche EconoMique et ses APplications), with Pauline Wibaux. 2020

(31K€) Paris School of Economics, 4th year Doctoral Contract. 2020 - 2021

(4K€) Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Collège des Ecoles Doctorales, International Mobility Grant. 2020

(3.8K€) Paris School of Economics, International Mobility Grant. 2020

(2.5K€) Institut Convergences Migrations, Fellow Support Fund. 2020

(5K€) Governance, Political Economy and International Trade group, Paris School of Economics, with Etienne Madinier. 2019

(106K€) Institut Convergences Migrations. Integration Policies of Refugees in France: Survey, Evaluation, Intervention. Hillel Rapoport, Nelly El-Mallakh, Sarah Schneider-Strawczynski, Biagio Speciale, Sorana Toma, Ilka Vari-Lavoisier, Liam Wren-Lewis. 2019-2021

(175K€) Ministry of the Interior, Direction Générale des Etrangers en France (DGEF), Paris. Evaluation of integration policies for resettled and relocated asylum seekers and refugees. Hillel Rapoport, Sarah Schneider-Strawczynski, Biagio Speciale. 2017-2021

(101K€) French Ministry of Research. Full Doctoral Scholarship. 2017-2020

(Tuition Fees & monthly allowance) Russian Government Scholarship - 2015-2016