Understanding Vacancy Time: A Theoretical Framework Informed by Cross-Sector Comparison
At least since Warner et al.’s (1963) publication of The American Federal Executive, a body of research has focused on understanding the characteristics and experiences of bureaucrats, whether public sector employees are motivated differently than their private sector counterparts, and how employees advance through various career ladders. However, little research has considered the importance of executive vacancies for organizations. The purpose of this study is to first provide an overview of the frequency and length of vacancies in multiple sectors and to then propose a framework and set of testable hypotheses for future research evaluating the causes and consequences of such vacancies. We compare vacancies from 48 U.S. federal agencies with data from the Fortune 100 private firms, NonProfit Times Top 100, and the U.S. News and World Report top 100 public and private non-profit universities over a twenty-one year period (1993-2013). These data are used to provide a starting point to develop a framework with a number of additional hypotheses for future empirical analysis.
Rutherford, A., Mumpower, J., Bello-Gomez, R.A. and Griffin, M. (2018). Understanding Vacancy Time: A Theoretical Framework Informed by Cross-Sector Comparison. Perspectives on Public Management and Governance. 2 (1), 3-20.