Research Publications


Academic Articles


Book Chapters


Policy Analysis


Other Academic Articles and Commentary


“Review of The Authoritarian Public Sphere: Legitimation and Autocratic Power in North Korea, Burma, and China by Alexander Dukalskis,” Pacific Affairs, Vol. 91, No. 3 (September 2018), pp. 555-557.


“North Korea Diplomacy and the Winter Olympics,“ CSIS Korea Chair Platform, February 2018; republished by the Diplomat.

“North Korean Human Rights in the State of the Union,” Sino-NK, January 2018; republished by the University of Nottingham Institute of Asia and Pacific Studies (IAPS Dialogue).

“China’s Charm Offensive on South Korea is Starting to Work,” Foreign Policy, November 2017.

“North Korea’s Nuclear and Missile Tests are Aimed at Splitting its Rivals,” Foreign Policy, September 2017.

“Time for ‘Implementation Diplomacy’ on North Korea,” The Strategist (Australian Strategic Policy Institute), August 2017, (reprinted in the Diplomat and RealClearDefense).

“Moon Assembles Dream Team, but North Korea Unwilling to Play,” East Asia Forum, July 2017.

Japan’s Evolving Defence Posture,” Australian Outlook, January 2017.

“Foreign Policy Implications of Park’s Impeachment,” Sino-NK, December 2016.

“Trump, Abe and the U.S.-Japan Security Alliance,” Australian Outlook, November 2016.

“Debating the Future of Nuclear Weapons,” Asan Institute for Policy Studies, October 2016.

“Rebalancing not Pivoting: Myanmar’s Reforms and Relations with Washington and Beijing,” (with Jonathan T. Chow), PacNet, Vol. 18, No. 68, September 2016, (reprinted in the Diplomat, Myanmar Times, Bangkok Post, and BurmaNet; published in Burmese by the Irrawaddy).

“National Identity Frameworks and International Relations in Asia,” Asan Forum, Vol. 2, No. 1, January-February 2014.

“U.S.-Japan Relations after 3/11: A New Sense of Purpose?” Doshisha Journal of American Studies, No. 20 (March 2013), pp. 33-51.


“Can Kim Muddle Through?,” Diplomat, December 21, 2011.

Yellow Sea Turning Red: Darker Views of China among South Koreans,” (with Jung-Yeop Woo), Asan Issue Brief, Vol. 1, No. 15 (December 2011), pp. 1-7.

Cool Heads Can Deter North Korea,” PacNet, Vol. 12, No. 21a, May 5, 2010; (reprinted in China Post, Korea Times, and Jakarta Post).

“Japan's Foreign Policy and the Alliance: Transcending Change with Trust,” (with Tetsuo Kotani and Aki Mori), PacNet, Vol. 11, No. 64, September 22, 2009; (reprinted in RealClearWorld, Asia Times, Glocom Japan, and Taipei Times).

Japan's Elections and Relations with the Two Koreas,” USC Korean Studies Institute Breaking News Brief, Vol. 1, No. 3, August 30, 2009.

The Legacy of Former South Korean President Kim Dae-jung,” USC Korean Studies Institute Breaking News Brief, Vol. 1, No. 2, August 18, 2009.

“China's Changing View of North Korea: Pyongyang's provocations may reshape Beijing's strategic interests,” Christian Science Monitor, July 7, 2009; (republished by Yahoo News, USA Today, RealClearWorld, Las Vegas Tribune, and Arizona Daily Sun).

“National Identities Complicate Pyongyang Policy: North Korea tests who neighbors are, not only what they do,” JoongAng Daily (with International Herald Tribune), June 15, 2009, page 10; China Post, June 16, 2009, page 8; OMNI, July 9, 2009, page 1.

“The Challenge of Partisan Nationalism: Convincing Publics that International Cooperation is Patriotic,” JoongAng Daily (with International Herald Tribune), July 15, 2008, page 11.

“Multilateralism, not Multipolarity: China's Changing Foreign Policy and Trilateral Cooperation in Asia,” JoongAng Daily (with International Herald Tribune), March 14, 2008, page 11; IHT-Asahi Shimbun, March 17, 2008; China Post, March 29, 2008, page 4; OMNI, March 31, 2008, page 1.

“Lessons of Lost U.S.-Taiwan Trust and the Need to Stabilize Taiwan Identity,” JoongAng Daily (with International Herald Tribune), February 4, 2008, page 11; IHT-Asahi Shimbun, February 11, 2008, page 23; China Post, February 16, 2008, page 4; OMNI, February 18, 2008, page 1.

“Meeting High Expectations: New Leadership and Upgrading U.S.-Japan-South Korea Relations,” JoongAng Daily (with International Herald Tribune), January 11, 2008, page 11; IHT-Asahi Shimbun, January 9, 2008, page 22; China Post, January 12, 2008, page 4; OMNI, January 14, 2008, page 1.

“The Hard Politics of Soft Power: Prospects and Limitations in Cross-Strait and Inter-Korean Relations,” JoongAng Daily (with International Herald Tribune), November 9, 2007, page 11; IHT-Asahi Shimbun, November 6, 2007, page 28; China Post, November 4, 2007, page 4; OMNI, November 10, 2007, page 1.

“Opportunity of New Leadership in Asia: Clean Slates to Advance Foreign Policy,” JoongAng Daily (with International Herald Tribune), September 27, 2007, page 10; IHT-Asahi Shimbun, September 27, 2007, page 27; China Post, September 29, 2007, page 4; OMNI, September 30, 2007, page 1.

“Alliance Diplomacy at Home and Abroad: Addressing the Main Questions in U.S.-Japan Security Relations,” Issues and Insights, Vol. 7, No. 16 (September 2007), pp. 1-5.

“Korea and Japan in Washington's Taiwan Calculus,” JoongAng Daily (with International Herald Tribune), August 24, 2007, page 11; IHT-Asahi Shimbun, August 27, 2007, page 19; China Post, September 9, 2007, page 4; OMNI, September 12, 2007.

Prudence for Peace: U.S.-ROK coordination must come before talks to end Korean War,” (with Junbeom Pyon), PacNet 32A, August 16, 2007, (reprinted by Korea Times, GLOCOM Japan, International Relations and Security Network, OMNI, World News Network, and UPI Asia).

“Correlates of Nationalism and Implications for Security in East Asia,” Issues and Insights, Vol. 7, No. 10 (August 2007), pp. 3-8.

“The Tragedy of Building Trust with North Korea: Efforts to engage Pyongyang often cause divisions among its neighbors,” JoongAng Daily (with International Herald Tribune), July 19, 2007, page 11; printed in Japan as "Six-party Progress needs Five-party Trust," IHT-Asahi Shimbun, July 27, 2007, page 21; updated version appeared in OMNI, July 29, 2007, page 1; and Taipei Times, August 31, 2007, page 8.

“迈向三赢的中美日关系,” (Toward Win-win-win U.S.-Japan-China Relations), 世界知识 (Shijie Zhishi - World Affairs Journal), No. 13, July 2007. Published in English as: “Toward Win-win-win U.S.-Japan-China Relations: Deeper cooperation possible with strategic coordination, high standards for state behavior,” International Herald Tribune-Asahi Shimbun, July 5, 2007, page 25; OMNI, July 26, 2007, page 1; China Post, August 25, 2007, page 4.

“Rebooting the Virtual Alliance: U.S.-Japan-ROK Security Partnership,” Issues and Insights, Vol. 7, No. 13 (August 2007), pp. 45-49.

“Procuring Trust in U.S.-China Strategic Relations: Resolving Differences over Nuclear Weapons and Confidence Building,” Issues and Insights, Vol. 7, No. 8 (July 2007), pp. 11-15.

“Devils in the Details: Effective Policy, not Disputed History, Should be Focus of National Leaders,” JoongAng Daily (with International Herald Tribune), April 9, 2007, page 7; printed in Japan as “Leaders Need to Make History, Not Revise It,” IHT-Asahi Shimbun, April 18, 2007, page 25; also appeared in OMNI, April 20, 2007.

“Managing Generational Change in Korea-Japan Relations: Bilateral Frictions should not Impede Trilateral Efforts,” JoongAng Daily (with International Herald Tribune), February 27, 2007, page 7; reprinted in OMNI as "How to Afford Six-Party Progress? Don't Let Generational Frictions Prevent Trilateral Cooperation," February 28, 2007.

“Know Thy Neighbor: Legitimate Security Concerns and Credible Engagement in East Asia,” JoongAng Daily (with International Herald Tribune), January 22, 2007, page 7; reprinted in the Taipei Times and as "Upgrading Defense in East Asia: Japan and China need more trust building, South Korea and Taiwan better strategic focus," OMNI, January 23, 2007.

“United States SAVI Interests in East Asia: Stability, Access, Values, Influence, and Averting Sino-Japanese Rivalry,” Issues and Insights, Vol. 6, No. 19 (December 2006), pp. 17-21.

“Good News and Bad News about Return of Six-Party Talks,” JoongAng Daily (with International Herald Tribune), December 15, 2006, page 7.

“Changing North Korea's Nuclear Game Plan: five parties should pressure Pyongyang, then give it face to disarm,” JoongAng Daily (with International Herald Tribune), November 10, 2006, page 7.

“With U.S. or Against U.S.?: America's Image Problems with Allies and Rogues,” JoongAng Daily (with International Herald Tribune), October 16, 2006, page 7.

“Beyond Blame, Cooperate on North Korea,” OMNI, October 11, 2006.

“Americans for Korean Unification: A New Ordering Principle for Washington's Korea Policy,” Issues and Insights, Vol. 6, No. 14 (September 2006), pp. 1-5.

“Steps Toward the Future Instead of the Past: Improving Relations between Japan and South Korea,” JoongAng Daily (with International Herald Tribune), September 8, 2006, page 7; reprinted by the International Institute for Mediation and Historical Conciliation.

“Nationalism is a Cheap but Powerful Weapon: Measuring National Responses to North Korea's Missiles,” Korea Herald, August 24, 2006; (reprinted in OhmyNews International).

Japan's Difficult Reconciliation and Security in East Asia,” Washington Post, August 22, 2006, page A14.

Building Trust or Giving it Away? The Roh Administration's Engagement of the North,” PacNet, Vol. 8, No. 32A, July 24, 2006; (reprinted in Jakarta Post, GLOCOM Japan; earlier version in the Korea Times).

“What Shapes the Triangle?: Strategic Priorities and Trust in U.S.-Japan-China Relations,” Issues and Insights, Vol. 6, No. 8 (May 2006), pp. 11-14.

“Avoiding Cold War II: Upgrading the U.S.-Japan Alliance and Bridging Regional Divides,” Issues and Insights, Vol. 6, No. 6 (March 2006), pp. 63-68.

“Projecting Legitimacy: Closing International Perception Gaps of American WMD Policy,” Issues and Insights, Vol. 6, No. 4 (January 2006), pp. 11-14.

“Preventing Preventive War: Avoiding Dangers in the Cross-Strait Status Quo,” Issues and Insights, Vol. 6, No. 3 (January 2006), pp. 13-16.

“Identity Security Dilemmas in East Asia: PRC and Taiwan, Japan and Article 9,” Issues and Insights, Vol. 5, No. 12 (September 2005), pp. 19-22.

“Nexus of Nationalism and Security: Managing Strength, Autonomy, and Reputation,” Issues and Insights, Vol. 5, No. 12 (September 2005), pp. 85-88.

Leif-Eric Easley, ed., Challenges to Prosperity and Peace: Charting Asia's Security Landscape, Security Workshop Report for the 12th Harvard Project for Asian and International Relations (HPAIR) Conference, Seoul, South Korea, August 2003.

“Resolving the Korean Crisis: Voices of the Region,” Harvard Korea Institute Newsletter, Vol. 9, No. 2 (Spring 2003); and Korea Society Quarterly, Vol. 3, No. 4 (Summer 2003), pp. 24-25.

“The Chinese Military and Post 9/11 Sino-U.S. Relations (discussion with Thomas Christensen),” Harvard Asia Quarterly, Vol. 6, No. 4 (Autumn 2002).