PIECES of Systematic Reviews






Appraisal Checklists

  • Cochrane Collaboration
  • Joanna Briggs Institute appraisal checklists: case control studies, case reports/studies, cohort studies, randomized controlled trials, qualitative and more
  • Nutrition Evidence Library (USDA): checklist for interventions and surveys/cohort
  • What Works Clearinghouse: education intervention studies
  • Effective Public Health Practice Project (Public Health Interventions)
  • SYRCLE for animal studies, see Hooijmans, CR, Rovers, MM, de Vries, RBM, Leenaars, M. Ritskes-Hoitinga, M, and Langendam, MW SYRCLE’s risk of bias tool for animal studies (2013) BMC Medical Research Methodology201414:43. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2288-14-43
  • GRADE (Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation Working Group) checklists, publication, software, training, and more





  • Gore, G. C., & Jones, J. (2015). Systematic Reviews and Librarians: A Primer for Managers. Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research, 10(1)
  • Gough, D., Thomas, J., & Oliver, S. (2012). Clarifying differences between review designs and methods Systematic Reviews, 1, 28-4053-1-28. doi:10.1186/2046-4053-1-28
  • Robinson KA, Whitlock EP, Oneil ME, et al (2014) Integration of existing systematic reviews into new reviews: identification of guidance needs Syst Rev 3: 60-4053-3-60.

Search Filters

  • Montori, V. M., Wilczynski, N. L., Morgan, D., Haynes, R. B., & Hedges Team. (2005). Optimal search strategies for retrieving systematic reviews from MEDLINE: analytical survey. British Medical Journal, 330(7482), 68-71.

Scoping reviews

  • PRISMA Statement- in development- for scoping reviews
  • Hilary Arksey & Lisa O'Malley (2005) Scoping studies: towards a methodological framework, International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 8:1, 19-32, DOI: 10.1080/1364557032000119616
  • Daudt et al.: Enhancing the scoping study methodology: a large, inter-professional team’s experience with Arksey and O’Malley’s framework. BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:48.

Citation Management