PAHAL stands for Promoting Agriculture, Health and Alternative Livelihoods. It is a five-year USAID initiative designed to achieve food security among vulnerable populations in 14 districts in the middle and high hills of Mid and Far Western Nepal. PAHAL is a Food for Peace (FFP) Development Food Assistance Project (DFAP) within the USAID/Nepal’s Community Resilience Program. Resilience is defined as the capacity of communities in complex socio-ecological systems to learn, cope, adapt and transform in the face of shocks and stresses.
USAID (United States Agency for International Development)
October 2014 –January 2020
Achham, Bajura, Bajhang, Baitadi, Darchula, Dadeldhura, Dailekh, Doti, Jajarkot, Pyunthan, Rolpa, Rukum, Salyan and Surkeht districts
PAHAL increases food security of vulnerable communities through building resilience strategies and capacities.
PAHAL Theory of Change
If vulnerable women, men, girls and boys have increased capacities and are able to act within an equitable and inclusive enabling environment, then individuals and their communities will be more resilient to the shocks and stresses that negatively affect their food security and development.
The program identified six technical areas that builds the absorptive and adaptive capacities of communities. The two cross-cutting components of improved Governance, and increased Gender Equity and Social Inclusion build transformative capacities. PAHAL uses an adaptive management approach to increase access to:
Improved Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Services, Strategies, and Technologies
Effective Disaster Risk Management Services, Strategies and Technologies
Appropriate and Diverse Financial Services and Products
Dynamic and Responsive Agricultural and Non-Agricultural Markets
Productive Natural Resources and Resource Management Systems
Quality Health and Nutrition Services and Information (in line with SUAAHARA Program)
PAHAL takes a multi-dimensional, systems approach to address the underlying socio-political, economic and ecological constraints, and the related shock and stress exposure that drive food insecurity in the Nepal. The program’s goal is: Vulnerable populations in the middle and high hills of Far-Western and Mid-Western Nepal are food secure.
individuals benefited from PAHAL interventions to improve food security and resilience capacities. PAHAL engaged 97,587 direct beneficiaries in activities from 80,822 households for a total of 588,044 people reached.
of PAHAL households relied on positive coping strategies in response to a shock using on average 3.4 different resources, indicating access to a collection of positive coping mechanisms. Only 11% leaned on negative strategies that increase vulnerability.
levels of hunger among PAHAL households on the Household Hunger Scale (HHS). Annual beneficiary surveys trends show a decline in hunger to nearly zero on the Household Hunger Scale across all groups
Mercy Corps Nepal (lead)
Tufts University’s Feinstein International Center
Dailekh: Sustainable Agriculture for Environment and Water Source Conservation Centre
Jajarkot: Hilly Region Development Campaign
Pyuthan: Fulvari Integrated Rural Development Organization
Rolpa: Development Concern Society
Rukum: Rukumeli Social Development Centre
Salyan: Dalit Development Society
Surkhet: Sundar Nepal Sanstha
Accham: Working for Access and Creation Nepal
Baitadi: Social Awareness and Development Association
Bajhang: Group for Social and Technical Development Service
Bajura: Generating Income to Foster Transformation
Dadeldhura: Rural Women Development and Unity Center
Darchula: Community Rural Development Society Nepal
Doti: Community Development Center
Resource Identification and Management Society (RIMS)
Support Activities for Poor Producers in Nepal (SAPPROS)