Work in Progress
- The Effects of Violent Crime on Marriage Markets and Intrahousehold Bargaining Power
I examine the relationship between conflict and intrahousehold bargaining by exploiting the quasi-exogenous and geographically heterogeneous rise in violence in Mexico during the 2006-2012 Mexican Drug War. Previous work has documented negative effects on female labor markets and married women's decision making. I assess how the conflict may have affected women's intrahousehold bargaining power across all stages of their marital lives. First, I empirically test the effects of the rise of violence on marriage markets using data from the censuses, and marriage and divorce certificates. Then I use a collective model of the household and I structurally estimate the bargaining power of Mexican women both before and during the Mexican Drug War, using both a repeated cross-section expenditure survey and a panel dataset. My results indicate a deterioration on women's marriage markets and position within the household. Finally, I explore the mechanisms and welfare effects of these results.
- Women's Land Rights and Village Councils in Tanzania (with Garance Genicot)
This paper studies the land property rights of married women using a diagnostic survey on women’s land property rights and Village Councils in rural Tanzania (VILART). Women own little property independently of their husbands. This puts them at particular risk of property deprivation in the events of divorce or widowhood. Our paper provides evidence that, despite statutory laws providing for gender neutral rights, customary patrilineal practices still play a large role in rural Tanzania. We find that the presence of children and their genders matter for inheritance expectations and that women’s inheritance rights remain fragile against claims from male members of the deceased husband’s clan. We show that village leaders of both genders have non-gender neutral views, and are therefore likely to reinforce traditional patrilineal practices
- First Born Girls and Family Structure: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa (with Garance Genicot)
This paper documents how the gender of the first child affects family structure in sub-Saharan Africa. Using DHS data, we study the impact of the gender of the first child on the likelihood of having an absentee father, the probability of ever been married, being in a polygamous relationship and remaining married in sub-Saharan Africa. Next, we combine these data with information on ancestral anthropological and cultural practices of the ethnic group to which the woman belongs. This will allow us to relate the effect of the gender of the first child to traditional practices