Lion Schulz

Hi! I am a PhD student at the Max Planck Institute For Biological Cybernetics where I am part of Peter Dayan's Department of Computational Neuroscience.

My research takes a computational approach to studying how biological and artificial agents come to trust themselves and others, combining methodology from machine learning, behavioral economics, and neuroscience. I am interested in both the basic computations underlying these processes as well as how they relate to real-world beliefs and behaviour, for example in mental disorders, polarisation, or misinformation

Before my PhD, I obtained an MSc in Cognitive and Decision Sciences from University College London where I worked with Steve Fleming.  During my PhD, I was a Fulbright Scholar at MIT, doing research with Rahul Bhui.

Feel free to reach out to me via Twitter or Email.



Metacognitive Computations for Information Search: Confidence in Control
Schulz, L., Fleming, S. M., & Dayan, P.
Psychological Review | [link]


A (dis-) information theory of revealed and unrevealed preferences
Alon, N.,* Schulz, L.*, Rosenschein, J.S., & Dayan, P.
NeurIPS 2022 Workshop on Information-Theoretic Principles in Cognitive Systems | [link]


Dogmatism manifests in lowered information search under uncertainty
Schulz, L., Rollwage M., Dolan, R.J., & Fleming, S.M.
PNAS | [link]

Short CV


since 2019: PhD in Neuroscience, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics     

2018 - 2019: MSc in Cognitive and Decision Sciences, University College London

2015 - 2018: BSc in Psychology, Technische Universität Dresden 


2022 - 2023: Fulbright Scholar, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Rahul Bhui)

since 2019: Doctoral Researcher, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics (Peter Dayan)

2022: Machine Learning Intern, Limbic

2018 - 2019: Graduate Researcher, Wellcome Center for Human Neuroimaging, Metacognition Group (Steve Fleming)

2018: Intern, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, IMPRG NeuroCode (Nicolas Schuck)

2016 - 2018: Research Assistant, TU Dresden, Chair of Lifespan Developmental Neuroscience (Shu-Chen Li) 


Lion Schulz
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics
Max-Planck-Ring 8
72076 Tübingen, Germany