8th Workshop on Nominalizations
8èmes Journées d'Etude sur les NOMinalisations
Date: June 21-22, 2019
Location: University of Stuttgart, Germany
Artemis Alexiadou (Humboldt University of Berlin)
Rochelle Lieber (University of New Hampshire)
Delphine Tribout (University of Lille)
The JENom workshop series was initiated in France, which explains the French acronym JENom from Journées d'Études sur les Nominalisations. The first seven editions were held in Nancy, Lille, Paris, Stuttgart, Barcelona, Verona, and Fribourg. The fourth edition of the workshop was the first to be organized outside France and it took place at the University of Stuttgart, which will also host the coming eighth edition on June 21-22, 2019.
The study of nominalizations has represented one of the main topics in modern linguistic research starting at least as early as in Lees (1960), Vendler (1968) and Lakoff (1970). Especially after Chomsky (1970), nominalizations have formed the grounds for the split between lexicalist and syntactic approaches to morphology with many implications for the ongoing debate about the organization of a theory of language and the place morphology and the ‘lexicon’ occupy in it. Besides generative linguistics in the Chomskyan tradition, the special categorial status of nominalizations has also figured prominently in lexicalist (e.g., HPSG in Malouf 2000, Tribout 2010, Bloch-Trojnar 2013) and functionalist (Koptjevskaja-Tamm 1993, Liesbet Heyvaert 2003) theories of language. In the generative literature, Grimshaw’s (1990) seminal work laid the theoretical foundations for much of the study of nominalizations over the past few decades (see Marantz 1997, Alexiadou 2001, Harley & Noyer 2000, van Hout & Roeper 1998 and much of the subsequent literature).
Yet, issues such as argument structure realization, polysemy, reference, categorization and the status of nominalizers, mixed categorial properties, functional structure at the interfaces between phonology, morphology, syntax and (lexical) semantics and many others have remained as actual as ever and incite for further discussion as proven also by two quite recent monograph studies in Borer (2013) and Lieber (2016) and edited collections such as Iordăchioaia, Roy & Takamine (2013) and Paul (2014).
Special Theme on Zero Derivation (Conversion)
To allow for a broader discussion on categorial shift in morphology and its interfaces, this year’s edition of JENom proposes a special theme on zero-derived nominals and zero derivation (or conversion), which will be integrated with the general theme of nominalizations.
Zero derivation is a type of categorial shift whereby the semantic change undergone by the input is not formally reflected in the output, thus challenging the one-to-one form-meaning mapping in morphological processes and, implicitly, their modeling. Such mismatches are known to have led to a split in morphological theory between approaches that are strictly faithful to the form-meaning isomorphism and others that model the morphosyntax and lexical semantics independently of morphophonology (see Don 1993 for an overview). One important difference between the two approaches is whether they employ zero derivational suffixes or not (cf. the debate in syntax-based models of morphology such as Distributed Morphology and the Exo-Skeletal Model as described in Borer 2013: 322-363). A further challenge raised by zero derivation is the difficulty to assess it across languages given essential differences in terms of categorial classes, productivity, and formal marking, as Valera (2005) notes.
Studies on nominalizations as well as topics concerning zero derivation (e.g., the status of the zero derivational suffix, how to determine the direction of derivation in zero-derived pairs of words, the crosslinguistic modeling of zero derivation with reference to any lexical category a.o.) are welcome to this eighth edition of the JENom workshop. We particularly encourage data-oriented contributions from computational, experimental and diachronic studies on various languages, besides theoretical approaches.
Alexiadou, A. 2001. Functional Structure in Nominals. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Bloch-Trojnar, M. 2013. The Mechanics of Transposition. A Study of Action Nominalisations in English, Irish and Polish. Lublin: Wydawnictwo KUL.
Borer, H. 2013. Taking Form. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Chomsky, N. 1970. Remarks on nominalization. In Jacobs, R. & P. Rosenbaum, eds., Readings in English Transformational Grammar, 184–221. Waltham, MA: Ginn & Company.
Grimshaw, J. 1990. Argument Structure. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Don, J. 1993. Morphological conversion. PhD. thesis, OTS Dissertation Series. Utrecht: LEd.
Harley, H. & R. Noyer. 2000. Formal versus encyclopedic properties of vocabulary: Evidence from nominalisations. In Peeters, B., ed., The lexicon-encyclopedia interface, 349-374. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Heyvaert, L. 2003. A Cognitive-Functional Approach to Nominalization in English. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
van Hout, A. & T. Roeper. 1998. Events and aspectual structure in derivational morphology. In Harley, H., ed., Papers from the UPenn/MIT Roundtable on Argument Structure and Aspect. MITWPL 32, 175-200. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Iordăchioaia, G., I. Roy & K. Takamine (eds). 2013. Categorization and Category Change. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Koptjevskaja-Tamm, M. 1993. Nominalizations. London: Routledge.
Lakoff, G. 1970. Irregularity in Syntax. New York: Holt, Reinhart and Winston.
Lees, R. B. 1960. The Grammar of English Nominalizations. The Hague: Mouton.
Malouf, R. 2000. Mixed Categories in the Hierarchical Lexicon. Stanford: CSLI Publications.
Marantz, A. 1997. No escape from syntax: Don’t try morphological analysis in the privacy of your own lexicon. In University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics 4, 201-225.
Paul, I. (ed). 2014. Cross-linguistic Investigations of Nominalization Patterns. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Tribout, D. 2010. Les conversions de nom à verbe et de verbe à nom en français. PhD thesis. Paris: Université Denis Diderot (Paris 7).
Valera, S. 2015. Conversion. In Müller P. O., I. Ohnheiser, S. Olsen & F. Rainer (eds), Word-formation. An International Handbook of the Languages of Europe, vol. 2, 322-329. Berlin/New York: De Gruyter.
Vendler, Z. 1968. Adjectives and Nominalizations. The Hague: Mouton.