The KAVLI IPMU
The Kavli IPMU CMB Group is pursuing research about the physics of the early universe using measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization. The theory of cosmic inflation can be tested through accurate measurements of the CMB polarization pattern called B-mode experimentally.
LiteBIRD is JAXA/ISAS second strategic large-class satellite mission. It is the first space mission dedicated to CMB polarization measurements from L2. At Kavli IPMU we are responsible for delivering the polarization modulator unit for the low-frequency telescope and the data center.
POLARBEAR, POLARBEAR2(PB2)/Simons Array is an array of ground-based telescopes located in the Atacama Desert, Chile. POLARBEAR has finished observing and the analysis is in progress. POLARBEAR2/Simons Array has been recently deployed and started observations in 2021.
The next generation ground-based telescope, Simons Observatory (SO), is currently being built in the Atacama Desert, Chile. Kavli IPMU has been actively participating in building the Small Aperture Telescope (SAT) of SO.
We actively participate in concept studies for future missions, including ground-baed experiments such as CMB-S4, other space-mission concepts such as PICO, next generation balloon-borne missions, and more.
Millimeter optical components and characterizations
We develop novel technologies related to millimeter and THz optical components and we work on the characterization, including broadband anti-reflection coating, wave plates, absorbers, filters, and heaters.
Moving parts at cryogenic temperatures are of unique importance in experimental physics. We develop mechanisms that operate at cryogenic temperatures, including superconductive magnetic bearing and low-heat dissipation devices at LN2 and LHe temperatures. In particular, we aim at developing space-qualified components.
Cryogenic detector characterization
We study the performance of low-noise superconductive detectors, e.g. transition edge sensor bolometers, cooled down to sub-Kelvin. A big research topic at the moment is to develop more realistic response models to propagate non-ideal behaviors to the impact on cosmological data.
Linking Theory and Observation
(BICEP/Keck Array Collaborations 2018)