An independent academic study founded in 2012, the Electoral Integrity Project addresses three questions:

The Electoral Integrity Project produces innovative and policy-relevant research comparing elections worldwide. The project is currently directed by Dr. Holly Ann Garnett and Professor Toby S. James, and is housed at the Royal Military College of Canada/Queen’s University and the University of East Anglia. It was founded in 2012 by Professor Pippa Norris and originally based at Harvard University and the University of Sydney.