Four-Day School Week Resource Center

from Missouri State University College of Education

Sampling of 2022-2023 Missouri 4-Day School Calendars

Map of Missouri Four-Day School Week Districts (Link) Updated for 2021-2022 (New adoptions for 2022-2023 shown in black)

List of Missouri Four-Day School Week Districts With Contact Information

Historial List of Missouri Four-Day Week Schools Update for 2021-2022 (Currently 129 school districts)

Research, News, and Resources on the Four-day Week Topic

Does Four Equal Five? Implementation and Outcomes of the Four-Day School Week by Rebecca Kilburn, Andrea Phillips, Celia Gomez, Louis Mariano, Christopher Doss, Wendy Troxel, Emily Morton, and Kevin Estes. The RAND Corporation. October, 2021.

A record 128 Missouri school districts--25 percent--switch to four-day weeks by Claudette Riley. Springfield News-Leaders, March 6, 2022.

Keeping Up With The Joneses: District Adoption of the Four-Day School Week in Rural Missouri by J. Cameron Anglum and Aaron Park. AREA Open, March, 2021.

Impacts of the four-day school week on high school achievement and educational engagement by Paul Thompson, Emily Tomayko, Katherine Gunter, and John Schuna. Education Economics, December 27, 2021.

4-Day School Weeks: New Research Examines the Benefits and Drawbacks by Stephen Sawchuck. Education Week, October 7, 2021.

Seneca schools have success with 4-day school week. KSN-News (Joplin, Missouri), February 28, 2022.

Impact of a Four-Day School Week On Student Discipline and Attendance in Missouri: A Quantitative Study by Angelina Rowden. Doctorate Dissertation, Missouri Baptist University, December 2021.

Only a Matter of Time? The Role of Time in School on Four-Day School Week Achievement Impacts by Paul N. Thompson and Jason Ward. IZA Institute of Labor Economics Discussion Paper Series, June 2021.

Keeping Up With the Joneses: District Adoption of the 4-Day School Week in Rural Missouri by J. Cameron Anglum & Aaron Park. AERA Open, January-December 2021, Vol 7, No 1.

A record 105 Missouri school districts-20 percent-embrace four-day weeks by Claudette Riley in Springfield News-Leader. October 1, 2020.

Are All Four-Day School Weeks Created Equal? A National Assessment of Four-Day School Week Policy Adoption and Implementation, Paul N. Thompson, Katherine Gunter, John M. Schuna Jr. and Emily J. Tomayko. Education Finance and Policy, May 2020,

Effects of Four-Day School Weeks on Physical Education Exposure and Childhood Obesity in Journal of Physical Activity and Health by Emily J. Tomayko, Katherine B. Gunter, John M. Schuna Jr. and Paul N. Thompson

Adolescent Health Behaviors in Schools with 4‐ Versus 5‐Day School Weeks in Journal of School Health, August 2020, by Whitney Israel, Christine Mulitauopele, Ming Ma MD, Arnold H. Levinson PhD, Lauren Cikara, Ashley Brooks‐Russell PhD, in the Journal of School Health, August 2020,

Urban Institute advocates for four-day school week option for urban students. "Making Education and Employment Work for High School Students: A Toolkit for Systems That Support Young People with Adult Responsibilities, with Benefits for All". (June, 2020).

The Rural Voice-Podcast of the National Rural Education Association, Interview with Dr. Jon Turner about the Four-day School Week in the United States February 2020

The Four-day School Week Continues to Grow in Missouri, KY3 News-Springfield, February 6, 2020

WBUR-Boston (NPR) "On Point"-Grading the four-day school week featuring Missouri State's Dr. Jon Turner and Paul Hill of the University of Washington-Bothell (May 30, 2019)

Turner, J. Finch, K., & Uribe-Zarain, X. (2019). Three Midwest Rural School Districts’ First Year Transition to the Four Day School Week: Parents’ Perspectives. The Rural Educator (The Journal of the National Rural Education Association), 40(1). (Download PDF)

Turner, J., Finch, K., & Uribe-Zarain, X. (2018). The Economics of a Four-Day School Week: Community and Business Leaders’ Perspectives. Applied Economics and Finance, 5(2), 168-174. (Download PDF)

Thompson, P. (2019). Does a Day Lost Equal Dollars Saved? The Effects of Four-Day School Weeks on School District Expenditures.

The Four-Day School Week Districts Continues to Grow in Missouri, Jon Scott Turner, Kim Finch, Ximena Uribe-Zarain, MSTA School and Community, Winter 2018{%22issue_id%22:465974,%22page%22:10}

Turner, J., Finch, K., & Ximena, U. (2017). Staff Perspectives of the Four-Day School Week: A New Analysis of Compressed School Schedules. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 6(1), 52-62. (Download PDF)

Effects of Four-Day School Weeks on Student Achievement: Evidence from Oregon. March, 2019. Paul N. Thompson, Oregon State University and IZA.

The Today Show (NBC) January 21, 2019. Is the four-day school week the next trend in education?

The four-day school week: Research behind the trend. Harvard Kennedy School Journalist Resource page.

What this school district learned from a 4-day school week from PBS NewsHour (August 28, 2018)

Ordway, D. (2018). The four-day school week: Research behind the trend. Retrieved from

Tharp, T., Matt, J., & O’Reilly, F. (2016). Is the Four-Day School Week Detrimental to and Student Success?. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 4(3), 126-132.

Heyward, G. (2018, June 01). What Do We Actually Know about the Four-Day School Week? Retrieved from

The Four-Day School Week: Impact on Student Academic Performance (The Rural Educator, 2011) Paul M. Hewitt and George S. Denny

What Savings Are Produced by Moving to a Four-Day School Week? Griffith, Michael

Does Shortening the School Week Impact Student Performance? Evidence from the Four-Day School Week D. Mark Anderson and Mary Beth Walker

The Four-Day School Week: Nine Years Later

Four-day school weeks: Longer weekends, but less learning? by Maureen Downey, Atlanta Journal-Constitution, March 22, 2018

Editorial from the Editorial Board of St. Louis Post-Dispatch on January 14, 2019. Young futures hang in the balance as Warren County adopts four-day school week.

Inside The Four-Day School: Is District's Approach the Next Trend Education? The Today Show (NBC-News). January 21, 2019

It's a trend: More schools going to four-day weeks (KY3 News-Springfield) February 6, 2020

Parents outraged by Chattooga County School Board's Decision to Lengthen School Week (WRCB-TV, Georgia) January 18, 2019

Colorado now has more school districts on four-day weeks than any place in the nation — with little research on the benefits --The Colorado Sun, August 27, 2019

Webinar recorded September 9, 2019. Missouri Four-Day Week Collaborative discussion includes topics like the impact of the later start date law on four-day week districts, new collaborative professional development sessions, and free dual enrollment classes for four-day high school students from Missouri State.

Basic Four-Day Week Handout for Meetings (Click)

Warren County (Warrenton) Missouri School Board Presentation (leading up to vote on four-day week)

Forsyth Parent Survey (prior to vote to go to four-day week)

Community/School Board Presentations

Forsyth School Community Presentation

Sample website concerning the investigation of the four-day school week.

The Hallsville School District ultimately decided not to adopt the four-day school week, however, the website they created to document their process of consideration is very impressive. Visit this site here.

Contact information:

Dr. Jon Turner, Associate Professor of Counseling, Leadership, and Special Education

Missouri State University, Springfield, Missouri