2nd - 3rd Grade Lessons

Aircraft Landing Friction Activity

Students will explore the idea of friction using paper airplanes and various surfaces.


2.PS3.2 Energy

2) Make observations and conduct experiments to provide evidence that friction produces heat and reduces or increases the motion of an object.

2. ETS1.2 Engineering Design

2) Develop a simple sketch, drawing, or physical model that communicates solutions to others.

Aircraft Landing Friction Activity.pdf
Aircraft Landing Friction Activity WS.pdf

States of Matter

Student Worksheet

  • Click on the 'States of Matter' link below to complete the Student Worksheet


3.PS1 Matter and its interactions

1) Describe the properties of solids, liquids, and gases and identify that matter is made up of particles too small to be seen.

2) Differentiate between changes caused by heating and cooling that can be reversed and that cannot.

To Fly or Not to Fly

Students will evaluate and graph weather conditions to determine whether conditions are favorable for flight.


3.ESS2.2 Earth's Systems

2) Associate major cloud types (cumulus, cumulonimbus, cirrus, stratus, nimbostratus) with weather conditions.

3.ESS2.3 Earth's Systems

3) Use tables, graphs, and tools to describe precipitation, temperature, and wind (direction and speed) to determine local weather and climate.

To Fly or Not to Fly lesson plan.pdf

Navy Core Values

Navy Core Values

  • Students will learn about the courage and commitment Bessie Coleman displayed in order to become a pilot in the early 1900s by watching the Bessie Coleman video below.


2RL.KID.1 Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.

2RL.KID.2 Recount stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures and determine their central message, lesson, or moral.

2.RL.KID.3 Describe how characters in a story respond to major events and challenges.

2.SL.PKI.5 Add audio or visual elements to stories or recounts of experiences, when appropriate, to clarify ideas, thoughts, and feelings.

  • How did the Wright Brothers display the Naval Code characteristics: Honor, Courage and Commitment?
    • Write an opinion piece supported by facts and details from the Wright Brothers videos below.
    • Write a letter to Orville and Wilbur Wright regarding their courage and commitment in their quest to promote aviation.


3.W.TTP.1 Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting point of view with reasons.

3.RI.KID.1 Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as a basis for the answers.

3.RI.KID.2 Determine the main idea of a text; recount the key details and explain how they support the main idea.