What is understood in the Western world under the word philosophy, originates in Babylonia, from where our forefather Abraham, who originally was born a Sumerian, was born, later became a Jew and ancestor of the Jewish and Arab peoples. In those days, people with small things did not play, they created whole nations and races! Rambam in the Guide describes in some detail the environment in which Abraham lived and grew up. It was a community (or sect), which was mainly engaged in astrology. Of course it was a completely different 'astrology' than now, for then people could change the course of the constellations. They had terrible power. It is by the way, for this reason in the main reason, the Almighty destroyed the generation of the flood, because they changed the course of the heavenly spheres and subdued all the angels.
In those days, this knowledge, which later took shape as a classical philosophy, was owned only by the Initiates, although ordinary people, knew a lot, but mostly in the form of legends and legends, rather than rational knowledge of things. And the Initiates of this knowledge did not open for anything, since there was a huge tradition how to unleash this Knowledge, because with the help of Knowledge it was possible to do superglobal things. It is enough to recall the Tower of Babel, which was a highly complex architectural structure built primarily with the help of magic. In general, in using magic to build such things there is nothing wrong, it was bad for the very intention to go against the will of the Creator and for this they were punished. Subsequently, philosophy has spread throughout the ancient world, although we can not exactly say what happened there exactly. Apparently this method was perceived by the Egyptians, who were closely associated with Atlantis, which was in the Gulf of Aden and owned very serious methods of controlling reality. But they were destroyed by the power and use of Black Magic to achieve their goals. Nearby was the kingdom of Punt (on the territory of today's Somalia), from where the Egyptian gods come. Further, this knowledge has already reached a new level in Greece. The Greeks were singled out from the general doctrine, which the Initiate Priests possessed, a certain area of knowledge, which then turned into what is now taught in the philosophical departments and what is called classical philosophy. They removed all mysticism, everything irrational (although they are purely formally divided into rationalists and irrationalists). Their main criterion is a formal attitude to reality and this attitude was programmed by such titans as Aristotle, who looked very far ahead and created the concept of civilization, which later became known as the Western and it was built on formalism. The most curious thing is that it is in our time that people have realized how crude formalism is and therefore there were hippies and punks. But back to Rambam. It was he who was a great adherent of Aristotle and it was he who wrote the "Mentor of the waverers," which became the Jewish apotheosis of classical Greek philosophy, and which was so widely condemned by many prominent Jewish authorities, precisely for the commitment to rationalism! As is known, Rambam did not recognize that magic and witchcraft are real and it is he who is responsible for the fact that the Jews have moved away from such views, unlike say from the time of King Solomon, who was the greatest magician. True, very many Jewish sages did not accept this view, knowing very much about magic, witchcraft and Practical Kabbalah. Although Rambam's view remained largely his personal opinion, but still he was very much promoted among Jewish authorities, because the level of people fell heavily and it was easier for them to perceive the Talmud, not through complex logical constructions, but through a rather simple formal logic, which seems to explain everything quite simply!
Star gates - Gulf of Aden