Next Generation Mobility Systems: Implications on Energy and Social Aspects
1. Dr. Andreas Malikopoulos, Associate Professor, Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware
2. Dr. Dimitris Assanis, Postdoctoral Research Associate, Information & Decision Science Laboratory, University of Delaware
3. Dr. Liuhui Zhao, Postdoctoral Research Associate, Information & Decision Science Laboratory, University of Delaware
Addressing our pressing challenges related to the increasing demand for energy we need to make fundamental transformations in how we use and access transportation. The purpose of a transportation system is not mobility but rather accessibility to goods, services, and activities. Mobility is only an unintended outcome of our accessibility needs and may be viewed as an intermediate service (the means) on the way to what we really need: access. A mobility system involves the interactions of three heterogeneous features: 1) transportation systems and modes, e.g., connected and automated vehicles (CAVs), electric vehicles, public transit, and shared mobility, 2) social behavior of drivers and travelers interacting with these systems, and 3) institutional behavior of organized units such as regulators that govern the transportation systems through policies. Current methods design and analyze mobility, which can be referred to as a sociotechnical system, with each of these features in isolation resulting in lack of the understanding of their interdependence, and thus, unbalancing of travel demand and given capacity of the transportation network. The latter has significant implications on traffic congestion, energy consumption, travel delays, safety and eventually, frustration that directly impacts the quality of life. Although several research efforts have aimed at enhancing our understanding of improving next generation mobility systems, it appears that these systems are considered in isolation without deliberating on human perception and policies. This can lead to solutions that demonstrate a selfish rather than system-centric or “socially” optimal behavior. The workshop intends to stimulate a discussion on how we can develop an energy-efficient mobility system from a sociotechnical systems perspective.
LIST OF TOPICS
- Implications on energy of next generation mobility systems;
- Negative effects of improving the efficiency of transportation systems by exploring whether household activities and travel behavior might increase, if the efficiency of the transportation systems improves; and
- Social attitudes, e.g., human emotional responses, with respect to CAVs, electric vehicles, shared mobility, public transit, and the policies that can help us increase the public’s level of acceptance of these transportation systems.
13.00 - 13.05 - Introduction and Agenda - Dr. Andreas Malikopoulos
13.35 - 14.35 - Keynote Speaker – Dr. Luc Vincent, VP Engineering, Lyft
- Title: "Mobility services based on hybrid network of drivers and self-driving vehicles: how they will reshape our cities and our economy"
14.35 - 15.00 - Dr. Philip Barnes, Assistant Professor, School of Public Policy & Administration, University of Delaware
- Title: "Attempting the impossible: Predicting social impacts of connected and automated vehicles"
15.00 - 15.30 - Coffee Break
15.30 - 15.55 - Dr. Ken Laberteaux, Senior Principal Scientist, Toyota Research Institute
- Title: "Mapping the impacts of new mobility systems – Early quantitative results”
15.55 - 16.20 - Dr. Chris Atkinson, Program Director, ARPA-E NEXTCAR, US Department of Energy
- Title: “Reducing the energy consumption of future connected and automated vehicles.”
16.20 -16.45 - Dr. Rachael Nealer, Analysis Program Manager, Vehicle Technologies Office, US Department of Energy
- Title: "What do we know about energy implications of connected and automated vehicles (CAVs)?"
16.45 - 17.10 - Dr. Cynthia Chen, Program Director, Civil Infrastructure Systems, National Science Foundation
- Title: “Funding opportunities at NSF for CIS related research”
17.10 - 17.30 - Panel Discussion and Q/A
Designed by Dimitris Assanis. Last Updated Aug. 6th, 2018.