A Sociotechnical Systems Approach for Energy-Efficient Mobility in Smart Cities


A mobility system involves the interactions of three heterogeneous features: 1) transportation systems and modes, e.g., connected and automated vehicles, electric vehicles, public transit, and shared mobility, 2) social behavior of drivers and travelers interacting with these systems, and 3) institutional behavior of organized units such as regulators that govern the transportation systems through policies. Current methods design and analyze mobility, which can be referred to as a sociotechnical system, with each of these features in isolation resulting in lack of the understanding of their interdependence, and thus, unbalancing of travel demand and given capacity of the transportation network. The latter has significant implications on traffic congestion, energy consumption, travel delays, safety and eventually, frustration that directly impacts the quality of life. Although several research efforts have aimed at enhancing our understanding of improving next generation mobility systems, it appears that these systems are considered in isolation without deliberating on human perception and policies. This can lead to solutions that demonstrate a selfish rather than system-centric or “socially” optimal behavior. The workshop intends to stimulate a discussion on how we can develop an energy-efficient mobility system from a sociotechnical systems perspective.

Workshop Scope: This workshop will cover the following topics:

        • Implications of energy on next-generation mobility systems
        • Negative effects of improving the efficiency of transportation systems; exploring whether household activities and travel behavior might increase if the efficiency of the transportation system improves
        • Social attitudes, e.g., human emotional responses, with respect to connected automated vehicles, electric vehicles, shared mobility, and public transit, and the policies that can help us increase the public's level of acceptance of these transportation systems

Organizing Team

Terri Connor Kelly and John Kelly Career Development Associate Professor

University of Delaware

PhD. Student

University of Delaware

Postdoctoral Research Associate

University of Delaware


8:00 a.m. - 8:30 a.m.

8:30 a.m. - 8:40 a.m.

8:40 a.m. - 9:00 a.m.

Registration - Coffee, tea, and pastries

Welcoming Remarks - Andreas Malikopoulos

Opening Remarks - David Corman, Program Director, National Science Foundation

9:00 a.m. - 9:20 a.m.

Prasad Gupte – Technology Manager, Energy Efficient Mobility Systems, DOE Vehicle Technology Office

Title: Sociotechnical Systems Approach for Energy Efficient Mobility in Smart Cities

9:20 a.m. - 9:40 a.m.

Christos Cassandras – Distinguished Professor of Engineering, Head of the Division of Systems Engineering, and Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Boston University

Title: Automating Energy-Efficient Mobility in Smart Cities

10:00 a.m. - 10:30 a.m.

Break - Refreshments

10:30 a.m. - 10:50 a.m.

Philip Barnes – Assistant Professor, Joseph R. Biden, Jr. School of Public Policy & Administration, University of Delaware

Title: New Methods in Crystal-Ball Gazing: Reading a Social History of The Elevator to Anticipate Future Policy Challenges of Connected and Automated Vehicles

10:50 a.m. - 11:10 a.m.

Karl Johanson – VR Distinguished Professor, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, KTH Royal Institute of Technology

Title: Optimizing freight transport through truck platooning: influence on traffic and driver behavior

11:10 a.m. - 11:30 a.m.

Hosam Fathy – Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Penn State University

Title: Some Thoughts On Heterogeneous Traffic Synchronization

11:30 a.m. - 1:30 p.m.

Lunch Break

1:30 p.m. - 1:50 p.m.

Dan Work – Associate Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Vanderbilt University

Title: Autonomous vehicles: The end of traffic?

1:50 p.m. - 2:10 p.m.

Samitha Samaranayake – Assistant Professor in the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University

Title: Improving urban mobility with transit centric on-demand services.

2:10 p.m. - 2:30 p.m.

Gabor Orosz – Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan

Title: Improving the energy efficiency of highway traffic using connectivity and automation.

2:30 p.m. - 2:50 p.m.

Benedetto Piccoli – Joseph and Loretta Lopez Chair Professor of Mathematics Department of Mathematical Sciences, Associate Provost for Research Rutgers University–Camden

Title: Lagrangian controls of traffic via CAVs and ACCs

2:50 p.m. - 3:00 p.m.

3:00 p.m. - 3:30 p.m.


Break - Refreshments

3:30 p.m. - 3:50 p.m.

Rahul Mangharam – Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering, University of Pennsylvania

Title: Buildings Safe Autonomous Systems: A Driver’s License Test for Driverless Vehicles

3:50 p.m. - 4:10 p.m.

Konstantinos Ampountolas – Assistant Professor, James Watt School of Engineering, University of Glasgow

Title: Emerging vehicle-infrastructure integration for motorway tidal flow lane control

4:10 p.m. - 4:30 p.m.

4:30 p.m.


Closing Remarks - Andreas Malikopoulos