A Sample of Kindergarten English Language Arts and Literacy Common Core State Standards

■ Naming upper-and lower-case letters, matching those letters with their sounds, and printing them

■ Comparing the adventures and experiences of characters in familiar stories, such as fairy tales and folktales

■ Retelling familiar stories and talking about stories read to them using details from the text

■ Using a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to describe an event, including his or her reaction to what happened

■ Stating an opinion or preference about a topic or book in writing (e.g., My favorite book is . . .”)

■ Taking part in classroom conversations and following rules for discussions (e.g., learning to listen to others and taking turns when speaking)

■ Speaking clearly to express thoughts, feelings, and ideas, including descriptions of familiar people, places, things, and events

■ Asking and answering questions about key details in stories or other information read aloud

■ Understanding and using question words (e.g., who, what, where, when, why, how) in discussions

■ Learning to recognize, spell, and properly use those little grammatical words that hold the language together (e.g., a, the, to, of, from, I, is, are)

Letter Identification

It is important that Kindergarten students can identify and name all capital and lowercase letters of the alphabet. There are so many fun ways to practice letters than using traditional flashcards. This website to the left includes loads of hands-on activities as well as easily printable resources.

Letter Sounds

Kindergarten students spend a lot of time playing with letter sounds. They will work up to reading 3 letter words by saying each sound and blending them together. They will also come to realize that some letters make more than one sound. The link on the left has activities to reinforce letter sounds.

Blending Sounds

As students build up their knowledge of letter sounds, it's time to work on putting them together to read simple words. Students usually begin practicing with 3 letter CVC words. They may begin with saying each sound and then blending the word, eventually they will move to just blending the sounds and reading the whole word.

Reading Strategies

There are a variety of reading strategies that students use when they read. "Sounding out" is often used as the only method to read a word, but there are other strategies that are taught. Students should be thinking about not just stretching out sounds, but also about what makes sense in the sentence. Refer to the images below for early reading strategies that are taught in Kindergarten.

Sight Words

Sight words are words students should be able to recognize quickly by sight. Many of them are "rule breakers" and don't follow a regular pattern for sounding out purposes. Students practice reading and writing these words all throughout Kindergarten. Refer to the link below for a list of common sight words taught in Kindergarten. Refer to the first 100 words which are first taught in Kindergarten (about 50 of them) and then reviewed and continued in First Grade.

Book Lists

Students begin learning early reading strategies as soon as they begin Kindergarten. Many parents ask about where they can find books to help their child practice these skills. Most Kindergartners read between a Level A-C. Once you know your child's reading level, you can refer to the links below to print, purchase and/or borrow books at your child's level.

Web Resouces

Below you will find some interactive sites that will be helpful in reinforcing Kindergarten reading skills.